ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the U. S. National Science Foundation.
ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
TicunaPO000027JTICUNALanguage Isolate

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  2.5S, 71W; 4.5S, 67W  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Description Record    Ethnologue: Country Description Record    HRAF: Collection of Ethnography Record     Ticuna Language Resources Record     Les ethnies de la Grande Amazonie Record    Ethnologue: Language Map Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The Ticuna tribe occupies a triangular area situated between the Rio Solimoes (Upper Amazon) of Brazil and the Rio Ica. The members of this linguistically distinct tribe have been migrating from small, interior villages to expanding villages along the mainstream of the Rio Solimoes and its regional tributaries.Contact among interior villages is now complemented by contact between riverside villages. Contact with the national cultures of the region is increasing, but the genetic admixture with the national population remains low.( Salzano etal, 1980 and Lawrence etal, 1980).

Approximately 30,000 Ticuna (Tukano) (Ethnologue), live in villages that are located in the Brazilian Amazon rain forest near the intersecting borders of Peru, Columbia, and Brazil. They are also one of the last large indigenous population groups left in this area. Today most Ticuna live in Brazil (approx. 23,000) on a roughly horizontal axis along the Solim?es branch of the Amazon. The tonal Ticuna language is thought to be a language isolate, not clearly related to any other tongue. Of all the tribes in the Amazon, the Ticuna were the first to be contacted by the early conquistadors; however, they still live a traditional lifestyle. The Ticuna are famous for their varied artistic talent.


References:
- Harris EF, Nweeia MT. "Tooth size of Ticuna Indians, Colombia, with phenetic comparisons of other Amerindians ". American Journal of physical anthropology 53:81-91. (1980)

- Lawrence DN, Bodmer JG, Bodmer WF. "Distribution of HLA antigens in Ticuna Indians of Brazil: results of typing a leprosy-affected family". Tissue Antigens. 16:152-60. (1980) Online citation.

- Neel JV, Gershowitz H, Mohrenweiser HW, Amos B, Kostyu DD, Salzano FM, Mestriner MA, Lawrence D, Simoes AL, Smouse PE, Oliver WJ, Spielman RS, and Neel JV Jr. "Genetic studies on the Ticuna, an enigmatic tribe of central Amazonas". Annals of Human Genetics 44:37-54. (1980)

- Salzano FM, Callegari SM, Neel JV. "Genetic demography of the Amazonian Ticuna Indians". Journal of Human Evolution 9:179-91. (1980)



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Ticuna

Sample UID: SA000735P

Sample Description:Ticuna sample collected by D. Lawrence from individuals in several villages in the western part of Amazonas, Brazil (close to the border of Peru and Columbia near Rio Salimas). The total sample contains several family groups.

Number of Chromosomes: 122

Relation to Other Samples: Supset of SA000027J

References:
- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Lawrence DN, Bodmer JG, Bodmer WF. "Distribution of HLA antigens in Ticuna Indians of Brazil: results of typing a leprosy-affected family". Tissue Antigens. 16:152-60. (1980) Online citation.

- Neel JV, Gershowitz H, Mohrenweiser HW, Amos B, Kostyu DD, Salzano FM, Mestriner MA, Lawrence D, Simoes AL, Smouse PE, Oliver WJ, Spielman RS, and Neel JV Jr. "Genetic studies on the Ticuna, an enigmatic tribe of central Amazonas". Annals of Human Genetics 44:37-54. (1980)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Ticuna, Related

Sample UID: SA000027J

Sample Description:Ticuna sample collected by D. Lawrence and D. Wallace from individuals in several villages in the western part of Amazonas, Brazil (close to the border of Peru and Columbia near Rio Salimas). The total sample contains several family groups.

Number of Chromosomes: 134

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Lawrence DN, Bodmer JG, Bodmer WF. "Distribution of HLA antigens in Ticuna Indians of Brazil: results of typing a leprosy-affected family". Tissue Antigens. 16:152-60. (1980) Online citation.

- Neel JV, Gershowitz H, Mohrenweiser HW, Amos B, Kostyu DD, Salzano FM, Mestriner MA, Lawrence D, Simoes AL, Smouse PE, Oliver WJ, Spielman RS, and Neel JV Jr. "Genetic studies on the Ticuna, an enigmatic tribe of central Amazonas". Annals of Human Genetics 44:37-54. (1980)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Ticuna

Sample UID: SA003956X

Sample Description:This sample is the subset of the Kidd Lab Ticuna population sample.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000027J

References:
- Lawrence DN, Bodmer JG, Bodmer WF. "Distribution of HLA antigens in Ticuna Indians of Brazil: results of typing a leprosy-affected family". Tissue Antigens. 16:152-60. (1980) Online citation.

- Publication pending


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Ticuna

Sample UID: SA003569X

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals from Tikuna tribe located upper Solimoes River in the Amazonas state, Brazil. Only individuals with different surnames were selected from each tribe.

Number of Chromosomes: 228

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Luizon MR, Izidoro-Toledo TC, Simoes AL, Tanus-Santos JE. "Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphisms and haplotypes in Amerindians". DNA Cell Biol 28:329-34. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Tikuna

Sample UID: SA002182N

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals of Tikuna tribe (upper Solimoes river). Blood samples were collected from the following villages - Umariacu (n=47), Feijoal (n=46), Vendaval (n=49) and Belem (n=49).

Number of Chromosomes: 382

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Leboute AP, de Carvalho MW, Simões AL "Absence of the deltaccr5 mutation in indigenous populations of the Brazilian Amazon". Hum Genet. 105:442-3. (1999) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

Top


© 2014 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan