Sample Name: Kshatriya
Sample UID: SA001553O
Sample Description:This sample consists of Kshatriyas from Andhra Pradesh, India. Kshatriyas are an upper caste population that speak Telugu, a Dravidian language.
Number of Chromosomes: 84
Relation to Other Samples:
References:- Reddy BM, Naidu VM, Madhavi VK, Thangaraj K, Langstieh BT, Venkataramana P, Kumar V, Singh L. "STR data for the Amp FlSTR Profiler Plus loci among 27 populations of different social hierarchy from southern part of Andhra Pradesh, India". Forensic Sci Int. 149:81-97. (2005) Online citation.
- Reddy BM, Reddy ANS, Nagaraja T, Bhaskar LVKS, Thangaraj K, Reddy AG, Singh L "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of the Alcohol Dehydrogenase Genes among the 28 Caste and Tribal Populations of India.". Int J Hum Genet 6:309-316. (2006)
Sample Name: Khandayat
Sample UID: SA001324K
Sample Description:This sample consists of Khandayats from the state of Orissa, India. The Khandayat form part of the upper crust fo the Hindu caste system. They speak the dialect "Oriya" and practice a very high degree of endogamy.
Number of Chromosomes: 124
References:- Sahoo S, Kashyap VK. "Influence of language and ancestry on genetic structure of contiguous populations: a microsatellite based study on populations of Orissa". BMC Genet. 6:4-13. (2005) Online citation.
- Sahoo S, Kashyap VK. "Allele frequency data for powerplex 16 loci in four major populations of Orissa, India". J Forensic Sci. 47:912-915. (2002) Online citation.
Sample UID: SA003814Q
Sample Description:This sample consists of Kshatriya individuals from Jaunpur/Etah district, Uttar Pradesh.
Number of Chromosomes: 28
References:- Gallego Romero I, Basu Mallick C, Liebert A, Crivellaro F, Chaubey G, Itan Y, Metspalu M, Eaaswarkhanth M, Pitchappan R, Villems R, Reich D, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Thomas MG, Swallow DM, Mirazón Lahr M, Kivisild T. "Herders of Indian and European Cattle Share Their Predominant Allele for Lactase Persistence". Mol Biol Evol 29:249-260. (2012) Online citation.
Sample Name: Kashatriya
Sample UID: SA003372P
Sample Description:This sample consists of Kashatriya of Chittoor and Cuddapah.
Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.
Number of Chromosomes: 364
References:- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E
(APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary
history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.
- Venkatramana P, Reddy PC, and Ferrell RE "Apolipoprotein E Polymorphism Among the Indian Populations and its Comparison with Other Asian Populations". International Journal of Human Genetics 1:123-128. (2001)
Sample UID: SA000570M
Sample Description:This sample was collected from individuals living in Andhra Pradesh who belong to the Kshatriya caste . Andhra Pradesh is located on the eastern coast of South India. The Kshatriya caste is part of the upper Hindu caste hierarchy. All members of this sample speak Telegu, a Dravidian language.
Number of Chromosomes: 22
References:- Bamshad MJ, Watkins WS, Dixon ME, Jorde LB, Rao BB, Naidu JM, Prasad BVR, Rasanayagam A, Hammer MF. "Female gene flow stratifies Hindu castes". Nature 395:651-652. (1998) Online citation.
- Watkins WS, Bamshad M, Dixon ME, Bhaskara Rao B, Naidu JM, Reddy PG, Prasad BVR, Das PK, Reddy PC, Gai PB, Bhanu A, Kusuma YS, Lum JK, Fischer P, Jorde LB. "Multiple origins of the mtDNA 9-bp deletion in populations of South India". Am J Phys Anthropol 109:147-158. (1999) Online citation.
© 2012 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei CheungUpgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan