Sample Name: Chiriguano
Sample UID: SA002566T
Sample Description:This sample consists of an Argentine Amerindian cohort called Chiriguanos. This population lives in isolation in the province of Salta, located in north-west Argentina, and represents a highly endogamous group with little admixture with Caucasians.
Number of Chromosomes: 84
Relation to Other Samples:
References:- Mangano A, Theiler G, Sala L, Capucchio M, Fainboim L, Sen L "Distribution of CCR5-Delta 32 and CCR2-64I alleles in an Argentine Amerindian population". Tissue Antigens. 58:99-102. (2001) Online citation.
Sample Name: Guarani-Kaiowa
Sample UID: SA004163O
Sample Description:This sample consists of Guarani individuals from Amambai and Limao Verde regions. This group has an extensive nonnative influence.
Number of Chromosomes: 168
References:- Friedrich DC, Callegari-Jacques SM, Petzl-Erler ML, Tsuneto L, Salzano FM, Hutz MH. "Stability or variation? Patterns of lactase gene and its enhancer region distributions in Brazilian Amerindians". Am J Phys Anthropol. 147:427-32. (2012) Online citation.
Sample Name: Mbya-Guarani
Sample UID: SA003287U
Sample Description:This sample consists of Guarani individuals.
Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.
References:- Demarchi DA, Salzano FM, Altuna ME, Fiegenbaum M, Hill K, Hurtado AM, Tsunetto LT, Petzl-Erler ML, Hutz MH. "APOE polymorphism distribution among Native Americans and related populations". Ann Hum Biol. 32:351-65.. (2005) Online citation.
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E
(APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary
history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.
Sample Name: Guarani
Sample UID: SA003681S
Sample Description:This sample consists of Guarani individuals from Brazil. All the South American natives studied in this publication and their ancestors (two generations) were born in the same community and spoke their own native language.
Number of Chromosomes: 60
References:- Acuņa-Alonzo V et al. "A functional ABCA1 gene variant is associated with low HDL-cholesterol levels and shows evidence of positive selection in Native Americans". Hum Mol Genet 19:2877-85. (2010) Online citation.
Sample Name: Guarani-Nadeva
Sample UID: SA004164P
Sample Description:This sample consists of Guarani-Nandeva individuals from Amambai and Porto Lindo regions. This group has an extensive non native influence.
Number of Chromosomes: 118
Sample UID: SA000966V
Sample Description:This sample consists of Guarani individuals. The Guarani are an Amerindian tribe located in Brazil, South America. Thier language belongs to the Tupi language group. Non-Indian ancestry was estimated to be very small.
Number of Chromosomes: 70
References:- Battilana J, Bonatto SL, Freitas LB, Hutz MH, Weimer TA, Callegari-Jacques SM, Batzer MA, Hill K, Hurtado AM, Tsuneto LT, Petzl-Erler ML, Salzano FM. "Alu insertions versus blood group plus protein genetic variability in four Amerindian populations.". Ann Hum Biol 29:334-47. (2002) Online citation.
Sample UID: SA003946W
Sample Description:This sample consists of Guarani individuals from Amambai, Limao Verde, Porto Lindo, Brazil.
Number of Chromosomes: 102
References:- Gaspar PA, Hutz MH, Salzano FM, Hill K, Hurtado AM, Petzl-Erler ML, Tsuneto LT, Weimer TA "Polymorphisms of CYP1a1, CYP2e1, GSTM1, GSTT1, and TP53 genes in Amerindians". Am J Phys Anthropol. 119:249-56. (2002) Online citation.
- Jaja C, Burke W, Thummel K, Edwards K, Veenstra DL. "Cytochrome p450 enzyme polymorphism frequency in indigenous and native american populations: a systematic review". Community Genet 11:141-9. (2008) Online citation.
© 2012 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei CheungUpgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan