ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the U. S. National Science Foundation.
ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
MadigaPO000362L

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  35N, 68E; 8N, 97E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: 

Hindu caste

Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Madiga

Sample UID: SA000571N

Sample Description:This sample was collected from individuals living in Andhra Pradesh who belong to the Madiga caste . Andhra Pradesh is located on the eastern coast of South India. The Madiga caste is part of the lower Hindu caste hierarchy. All memebers of this sample speake Telegu, a Dravidian language.

Number of Chromosomes: 58

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Bamshad MJ, Watkins WS, Dixon ME, Jorde LB, Rao BB, Naidu JM, Prasad BVR, Rasanayagam A, Hammer MF. "Female gene flow stratifies Hindu castes". Nature 395:651-652. (1998) Online citation.

- Watkins WS, Bamshad M, Dixon ME, Bhaskara Rao B, Naidu JM, Reddy PG, Prasad BVR, Das PK, Reddy PC, Gai PB, Bhanu A, Kusuma YS, Lum JK, Fischer P, Jorde LB. "Multiple origins of the mtDNA 9-bp deletion in populations of South India". Am J Phys Anthropol 109:147-158. (1999) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Madiga

Sample UID: SA001572P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Madigas living in Andhra Pradesh, India. Madigas are a Pancham caste population that speak Telugu, a Dravidian language.

Number of Chromosomes: 94

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Reddy BM, Naidu VM, Madhavi VK, Thangaraj K, Langstieh BT, Venkataramana P, Kumar V, Singh L. "STR data for the Amp FlSTR Profiler Plus loci among 27 populations of different social hierarchy from southern part of Andhra Pradesh, India". Forensic Sci Int. 149:81-97. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Madiga

Sample UID: SA003711M

Sample Description:This sample was collected from individuals living in Andhra Pradesh who belong to the Madiga caste.The Madiga caste is part of the lower Hindu caste hierarchy. All memebers of this sample speake Telegu, a Dravidian language. The study protocol was approved by the IRB of Andhra university.

Number of Chromosomes: 20

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000571N

References:
- Bamshad M, Kivisild T, Watkins WS, Dixon ME, Ricker CE, Rao BB, Naidu JM, Prasad BV, Reddy PG, Rasanayagam A, Papiha SS, Villems R, Redd AJ, Hammer MF, Nguyen SV, Carroll ML, Batzer MA, Jorde LB. "Genetic evidence on the origins of Indian caste populations". Genome Res. 11:994-1004. (2001) Online citation.

- Xing J, Watkins WS, Shlien A, Walker E, Huff CD, Witherspoon DJ, Zhang Y, Simonson TS, Weiss RB, Schiffman JD, Malkin D, Woodward SR, Jorde LB. "Toward a more uniform sampling of human genetic diversity: a survey of worldwide populations by high-density genotyping". Genomics 96:199-210. (2010) Online citation.

- Xing J, Watkins WS, Witherspoon DJ, Zhang Y, Guthery SL, Thara R, Mowry BJ, Bulayeva K, Weiss RB, Jorde LB. "Fine-scaled human genetic structure revealed by SNP microarrays". Genome Res. 19:815-25. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Madiga

Sample UID: SA002853S

Sample Description:This sample was collected from individuals living in Andhra Pradesh who belong to the Madiga caste . Andhra Pradesh is located on the eastern coast of South India. The Madiga caste is part of the lower Hindu caste hierarchy. All memebers of this sample speake Telegu, a Dravidian language.

Number of Chromosomes: 128

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Reddy BM, Reddy ANS, Nagaraja T, Bhaskar LVKS, Thangaraj K, Reddy AG, Singh L "Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of the Alcohol Dehydrogenase Genes among the 28 Caste and Tribal Populations of India.". Int J Hum Genet 6:309-316. (2006)


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2014 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan