ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the U. S. National Science Foundation.
ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
Melanesian, NasioiPO000012DNAASIOIEast Papuan

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  5S, 154E; 7S, 156E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Description Record    Ethnologue: Language Map Record    
References: See references
Population Description: Nasioi is one of three East Papuan language groups spoken on Bougainville, a large island to the east of New Guinea with a population of 160,000, of which about 20,000 speak a Nasioi dialect. The island is divided between East Papuan-speaking Melanesians in the south and center and Austronesian-speaking groups in the north and on the coasts. The Melanesians, who are linguistically related to other groups in eastern New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, are thought to have reached Bougainville 20-30,000 years ago, while the Austronesians seem to have arrived roughly 3,000 years ago.
References:
- Ogan E. "Drinking behavior and race relations [among the Nasioi, Bougainville]". American Anthropologist 68:181-8. (1966)

- Ogan E. "Nasioi land tenure: an extended case study ". Oceania 42:81-93. (1971)

- Singh S, Ogan E, Giles E. "Dermatoglyphics among the Nasioi of Bougainville island". Human Biology in Oceania 1:97-102. (1971)



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Nasioi speakers

Sample UID: SA000012D

Sample Description:Nasioi speakers from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands collected by J. Friedlaender. This sample contains mostly unrelated individuals but some pairs of first degree relatives exist in the sample

Number of Chromosomes: 48

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Balazs I, Neuweiler J, Gunn P, Kidd JR, Kidd KK, Kuhl J, Mingjun L "Human population genetic studies using hypervariable loci. I. Analysis of Assamese, Australian, Cambodian, Caucasian, Chinese and Melanesian populations". Genetics 131:191-98. (1992) Online citation.

- Bowcock AM, Bucci C, Hebert JM, Kidd JR, Kidd KK, JS Friedlaender, Cavalli-Sforza LL "Study of 47 DNA markers in five populations from four continents.". Gene Geography 1:47. (1987) Online citation.

- Bowcock AM, Hebert JM, Mountain JM, Kidd JR, Rogers J, Kidd KK, Cavalli-Sforza LL. "Study of an additional 58 DNA markers in five populations from four continents". Gene Geography 5:151-73. (1991) Online citation.

- Bowcock AM, Kidd JR, Mountain JL, Hebert JM, Carotenuto L, Kidd KK, Cavalli-Sforza LL. "Drift, admixture, and selection in human evolution: A study with DNA polymorphisms". Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 88:839-43. (1991) Online citation.

- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Kang AM, Palmatier MA, Kidd KK. "Global variation of a 40-bp VNTR in the 3'-untranslated region of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3)". Biological Psychiatry 46:151-60. (1999) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "Global levels of DNA variation". Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Identification 1993 (Promega) 21-30. (1993)

- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Kidd KK, Morar B, Castiglione CM, Zhao H, Pakstis AJ, Speed WC, Bonne-Tamir B, Lu RB, Goldman D, Lee C, Nam YS, Grandy DK, Jenkins T, Kidd JR. "A global survey of haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium at the DRD2 locus". Hum. Genet. 103:211-27. (1998) Online citation.

- Mateu E, Calafell F, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Casals T, Kidd KK, Bertranpetit J. "Allele Frequencies in a Worldwide Survey of a CA Repeat in the First Intron of the CFTR Gene". Human Heredity 49:15-20. (1999) Online citation.

- Palmatier MA, Kang AM, Kidd KK. "Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles". Biol. Psychiatry. 46:557-67. (1999) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Dietzsch E, Speed W, Pakstis AJ, Cheung K, Kidd JR, Bonne-Tamir B, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Moral P, Watson E, Krings M, Paabo S, Risch N, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "Global patterns of linkage disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins". Science 271:1380-7. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Ruano G, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Distribution and frequency of a polymorphic Alu insertion at the plasminogen activator locus in humans". Hum. Genet. 97:759-64. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: NAN Melanesian, HGDP-CEPH

Sample UID: SA001502I

Sample Description:This sample is part of the Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel collected by the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) and the Foundation Jean Dausset (CEPH).

Nasioi speakers from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands collected by J. Friedlaender. This sample contains mostly unrelated individuals but some pairs of first degree relatives exist in the sample.

Number of Chromosomes: 44

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000012D

References:
- Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, Zhivotovsky LA, Feldman MW. "Genetic structure of human populations". Science 298:2381-2385. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Nasioi

Sample UID: SA001676U

Sample Description:Nasioi speakers from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands collected by J. Friedlaender. This sample contains mostly unrelated individuals but some pairs of first degree relatives exist in the sample. (This is a subset of SA000012D)

Number of Chromosomes: 38

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000012D

References:
- Shriver MD, Mei R, Parra EJ, Sonpar V, Halder I, Tishkoff SA, Schurr TG, Zhadanov SI, Osipova LP, Brutsaert TD, Friedlaender J, Jorde LB, Watkins WS, Bamshad MJ, Gutierrez G, Loi H, Matsuzaki H, Kittles RA, Argyropoulos G, Fernandez JR, Akey JM, Jones KW. "Large-scale SNP analysis reveals clustered and continuous patterns of human genetic variation". Hum Genomics. 2:81-89. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Melanesians

Sample UID: SA003966Y

Sample Description:This sample is the subset of the Kidd Lab Nasioi sample SA000012D.Nasioi speakers from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands collected by J. Friedlaender. This sample contains mostly unrelated individuals but some pairs of first degree relatives exist in the sample.

Number of Chromosomes: 34

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000012D

References:
- Publication pending


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Nasioi Melanesian

Sample UID: SA002343M

Sample Description:This sample consists of Nasioi Melanesians.

Number of Chromosomes: 24

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Su B, Jin L, Hu F, Xiao J, Luo J, Lu D, Zhang W, Chu J, Du R, Geng Z, Qiu X, Xue J, Tan J, O'Brien SJ, Chakraborty R "Distribution of two HIV-1-resistant polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A and CCR2-64I) in East Asian and world populations and its implication in AIDS epidemiology". Am J Hum Genet. 65:1047-53. (1999) Online citation.

- Su B, Sun G, Lu D, Xiao J, Hu F, Chakraborty R, Deka R, Jin L "Distribution of three HIV-1 resistance-conferring polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A, CCR2-641, and CCR5-delta32) in global populations". Eur J Hum Genet. 8:975-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Melanesian - (NAN Melanesian, HGDP-CEPH)

Sample UID: SA002261L

Sample Description:This sample is part of the Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel collected by the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) and the Foundation Jean Dausset (CEPH).

Nasioi speakers from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands collected by J. Friedlaender. This sample contains mostly unrelated individuals but some pairs of first degree relatives exist in the sample.

This sample is known as dataset "H1048" and is a subset of SA001502I.

Note: In many publications subset H952 of the HGDP panel (with first and second degree relatives excluded from the original set) was typed and for this population that decreases the sample size from 19 to 11 individuals. For studies using H971 subset of the HGDP panel with only the first degree relatives excluded the sample size decreases from 19 to 13.

Number of Chromosomes: 38

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA001502I

References:
- Rosenberg NA. "Standardized subsets of the HGDP-CEPH Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel, accounting for atypical and duplicated samples and pairs of close relatives.". Ann Hum Genet. 70:841-847. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Melanesians (AX-ME)

Sample UID: SA003397W

Sample Description:This sample consists of Nasioi Melanesians.

Note:This sample is part of the HUGO Pan-Asian SNP Consortium. The 71 samples from this Consortium were collected with informed consent and were approved by local ethics and institutional review boards (IRBs) in the respective countries from which the samples were collected. Copies of IRB approvals were reviewed with the Policy Review Board (PRB) of the Pan Asia SNP Consortium.

Number of Chromosomes: 10

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- HUGO Pan-Asian SNP Consortium, Abdulla MA etal. "Mapping human genetic diversity in Asia". Science. 329:1541-5. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Nasioi

Sample UID: SA003309P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Nasioi individuals.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 44

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- Gelernter J, Kranzler H, Lacobelle J. "Population studies of polymorphisms at loci of neuropsychiatric interest (tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), dopamine transporter protein (SLC6A3), D3 dopamine receptor (DRD3), apolipoprotein E (APOE), mu opioid receptor (OPRM1), and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF)).". Genomics. 52:289-97. (1998) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2014 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan