The ALlele FREquency Database   
A resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the U. S. National Science Foundation.

Articles and Textbooks citing ALFRED

ALFRED Publications from KiddLab

ALFRED Presentations

ALFRED in Presentations from external sources

Articles citing ALFRED excluding those author by Kidd Lab and ALFRED personnel

Textbooks citing ALFRED

Commercial and Patent Citations

ALFRED Publications from KiddLab

1. Cheung KH, Miller PL, Kidd JR, Kidd KK, Osier MV, Pakstis AJ. "ALFRED: a Web-accessible allele frequency database".Pac Symp Biocomput 2000.:639-50.
pdf file of article

2. Cheung KH, Osier MV, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Miller PL, Kidd KK. "ALFRED: an allele frequency database for diverse populations and DNA polymorphisms.".Nucleic Acids Res. 28(1):361-3. (2000) pdf file of article

3. Osier MV, Cheung KH, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Miller PL, Kidd KK. "ALFRED: an allele frequency database for diverse populations and DNA polymorphisms--an update." Nucleic Acids Res. 29(1):317-9. (2001) pdf file of article

4. Osier MV, Cheung KH, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Miller PL, Kidd KK. "Expansion of ALFRED, the ALlele FREquency Database." Am J Phys Anthropol. Annual Meeting Issue: Supplement 34:94. (2002)

5. Osier MV, Cheung KH, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Miller PL, Kidd KK. "ALFRED: an allele frequency database for Anthropology." Am J Phys Anthropol. 119:77-83. (2002) pdf file of article

6. Osier MV, Cheung KH, Rajeevan H, Pakstis AJ, Kidd JR, Miller PL, Kidd KK. "ALFRED(ALlele FREquency Database): A Resource for genetic anthropology and human population genetics." Human Origins & Disease . CSHL Meeting Abstracts of Papers. 43. (2002)

7. Rajeevan H, Osier MV, Cheung KH, Deng H, Druskin L, Heinzen R, Kidd JR, Stein S, Pakstis AJ, Tosches NP, Yeh CC, Miller PL, Kidd KK. "ALFRED – the ALlele FREquency Database – update." Nucleic Acids Research..31(1):270-271.(2003) pdf file of article

8. Kidd KK, Rajeevan H, Osier MV, Cheung KH, Deng H, Druskin L, Heinzen R, Kidd JR, Stein S, Pakstis AJ, Tosches NP, Yeh CC, Miller PL. "ALFRED – the ALlele FREquency Database – update." Am J Phys Anthropol. Annual Meeting Issue: Supplement S36:128. (2003)

9. Rajeevan H, Cheung KH, Gadagkar R, Stein S, Soundararajan U, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Miller P, Kidd KK. "ALFRED: An allele frequency database for Microevolutionary Studies." Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online.2005:1 (2005) pdf file of article

10.Rajeevan H, Soundararajan U, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "ALFRED: an allele frequency resource for research and teaching." Nucleic Acids Research..(2011) pdf file of article

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ALFRED Presentations (PowerPoint)

1. The American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) 2003 .

2. The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2003 .

3. The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2004 .

4. The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2004 .

5. The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2005 .

6. The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2006 .

7. The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2007 .

ALFRED mentioned in Instructional/ PPT presentations (PowerPoint)

1. Georgia State University

2. Use ALFRED GIS map for lactose intolerance - BioQuest .

3. Finding SNPs” talk cites ALFRED database

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Articles citing ALFRED excluding those authored by Kidd Lab and ALFRED personnel

2000  2001  2002  2003  2004  2005  2006  2007  2008
2009  2010  2014  2015   2016  2017  2018  


Bose N et al., 2018. Target capture enrichment of nuclear SNP markers for massively parallel sequencing of degraded and mixed samples. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 34, 186-196. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2018.01.010

Echeverria N et al., 2018. IL28B gene polymorphism rs12979860, but not rs8099917, contributes to the occurrence of chronic HCV infection in Uruguayan patients. Virol J, 15(1), 40. doi: 10.1186/s12985-018-0946-2

Fischer R et al., 2018. Dopamine genes are linked to Extraversion and Neuroticism personality traits, but only in demanding climates. Sci Rep, 8(1), 1733. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-18784-y

Forero DA et al., 2018. APOE gene and neuropsychiatric disorders and endophenotypes: A comprehensive review. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 177(2), 126-142. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.b.32516

Jones P et al., 2018. Frequency of folate-related polymorphisms varies by skin pigmentation. American Journal of Human Biology, 30(2). doi: 10.1002/ajhb.23079

Liu YY & Harbison S 2018. A review of bioinformatic methods for forensic DNA analyses. Forensic Sci Int Genet, 33, 117-128. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2017.12.005

Presciuttini S et al., 2018. Polymorphism of Opioid Receptors µ1 in Highly Hypnotizable Subjects. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 66(1), 106-118. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2018.1396128

Royo JL et al., 2018. A common copy-number variant within SIRPB1 correlates with human out-of-Africa migration after genetic drift correction. PLoS One, 13(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193614

Soraas L & Stebbing J 2018. Geographic Variation in EGFR Mutation Frequency in Lung Adenocarcinoma May Be Explained by Interethnic Genetic Variation. J Thorac Oncol, 13(3), 454-458. doi: 10.1016/j.jtho.2017.11.128

Timote VJA et al., 2018. Blood Iron Concentration and Status in Pregnant Filipino Women with Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in HFE, TMPRSS6 and TF. Philippine Journal of Science, 147(1), 99-112.

Yousefi S et al., 2018. A SNP panel for identification of DNA and RNA specimens. BMC Genomics, 19(1). doi: 10.1186/s12864-018-4482-7


Abd El-Aziz TA & Mohamed RH 2017. Influence of MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism in the development of cardiovascular disease in Egyptian patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Gene, 610, 127-132. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2017.02.015

Berent D et al., 2017. SSTR4, childhood adversity, self-efficacy and suicide risk in alcoholics. Translational Neuroscience, 8(1), 76-86. doi: 10.1515/tnsci-2017-0013

Brown H et al., 2017. Development and validation of a novel multiplexed DNA analysis system, InnoTyper((R)) 21. Forensic Sci Int Genet, 29, 80-99. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2017.03.017

Chen P et al., 2017. Microhaplotype identified and performed in genetic investigation using PCR-SSCP. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 28, e1-e7. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2017.01.008

Edenberg HJ & Bosron WF 2017. Alcohol Dehydrogenases Comprehensive Toxicology: Third Edition (Vol. 10-15, pp. 126-145).

Fedderke J W et al., 2017. Genetic adaptation to historical pathogen burdens. Infect Genet Evol, 54, 299-307. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2017.07.017

Hollard C 2017. Case report: on the use of the HID-Ion AmpliSeq Ancestry Panel in a real forensic case. Int J Legal Med, 131(2), 351-358. doi: 10.1007/s00414-016-1425-1

Jäger AC et al. 2017. Developmental validation of the MiSeq FGx Forensic Genomics System for Targeted Next Generation Sequencing in Forensic DNA Casework and Database Laboratories. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 28, 52-70. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2017.01.011

Joshi BB et al., 2017. Computational analysis of nsSNPs of NPHS1 gene and their effect on protein structural stability. Meta Gene, 11, 98-103. doi: 10.1016/j.mgene.2016.12.004

Marcus JH & Novembre J 2017. Visualizing the geography of genetic variants. Bioinformatics, 33(4), 594-595. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btw643

Oldoni F et al., 2017. Microhaplotypes for ancestry prediction. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 6, e513-e515.

Ramani A 2017. Ancestry prediction in Singapore population samples using the Illumina ForenSeq kit. Forensic Sci Int Genet, 31, 171-179. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2017.08.013

Shraga R et al., 2017. Evaluating genetic ancestry and self-reported ethnicity in the context of carrier screening. BMC Genet, 18(1), 99. doi: 10.1186/s12863-017-0570-y

Stanifer JW et al., 2017. APOL1 risk alleles among individuals with CKD in Northern Tanzania: A pilot study. PLoS One, 12(7), e0181811. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181811

Stocker CM et al., 2017. Parenting and adolescents' psychological adjustment: Longitudinal moderation by adolescents' genetic sensitivity. Dev Psychopathol, 29(4), 1289-1304. doi: 10.1017/s0954579416001310

Szefer E 2017. Multivariate association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in Alzgene linkage regions and structural changes in the brain: discovery, refinement and validation. Stat Appl Genet Mol Biol, 16(5-6), 349-365. doi: 10.1515/sagmb-2016-0077

Zeng X 2017. HEROD: a human ethnic and regional specific omics database. Bioinformatics, 33(20), 3276-3282. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btx340


Algee-Hewitt BFB et al., 2016. Individual Identifiability Predicts Population Identifiability in Forensic Microsatellite Markers. Current Biology, 26(7), 935-942. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.01.065

Bodner M et al., 2016. Recommendations of the DNA Commission of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (ISFG) on quality control of autosomal Short Tandem Repeat allele frequency databasing (STRidER). Forensic Science International: Genetics, 24, 97-102. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2016.06.008

Brown R et al., 2016. Leveraging ancestry to improve causal variant identification in exome sequencing for monogenic disorders. Eur J Hum Genet, 24(1), 113-119. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2015.68

Chang YC et al., 2016. Gene Ontology Based Clustering Analysis for Functionally Linked Genes and Cross-Species Comparison for SSR Biomarkers. Paper presented at the Proceedings - 2016 10th International Conference on Complex, Intelligent, and Software Intensive Systems, CISIS 2016.

de Rubira A et al., 2016. Ancient DNA Reveals That the Variability of the DRD4 -521 C/T SNP Associated with Novelty Seeking Behavior is Influenced by Selection in Western South American Populations. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 2(1), 77-91.

Fehren-Schmitz L & Georges L 2016. Ancient DNA reveals selection acting on genes associated with hypoxia response in pre-Columbian Peruvian Highlanders in the last 8500 years. Sci Rep, 6, 23485. doi: 10.1038/srep23485

Fernandez CI et al., 2016. Lactase non-persistence and general patterns of dairy intake in indigenous and mestizo chilean populations. Am J Hum Biol, 28(2), 213-219. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22775

Gören E 2016. The biogeographic origins of novelty-seeking traits. Evolution and Human Behavior, 37(6), 456-469. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2016.04.005

Gupta S & Tsao H 2016. Epidemiology of melanoma Pathology and Epidemiology of Cancer (pp. 591-611).

Hwa H L et al., 2016. Genotyping of 75 SNPs using arrays for individual identification in five population groups. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 130(1), 81-89. doi: 10.1007/s00414-015-1250-y

Novembre J et al., 2016. Recent advances in the study of fine-scale population structure in humans. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development, 41, 98-105. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2016.08.007

Reyes Román JF et al., 2016. Including haplotypes treatment in a Genomic Information Systems Management. Paper presented at the CIBSE 2016 - XIX Ibero-American Conference on Software Engineering.


Borinskaya SA et al., 2015. Combination of genetic and humanitarian (cross-cultural) methods for the identification of human genes involved in the process of adaptation to evolutionary new environmental factors. Russian Journal of Genetics 51:397-407.

Freyburger G et al ., 2015. Haemostaseome-associated SNPs: Has the thrombotic phenotype a greater influence than ethnicity? GMT study from aquitaine including basque individuals. Thrombosis and Haemostasis , 113(1), 66-76.

Gao T et al, 2015. Phylogenetic analysis and forensic characteristics of 12 populations using 23 Y-STR loci . Forensic Science International: Genetics 19, 130-133.

Gettings KB et al., 2015. Performance of a next generation sequencing SNP assay on degraded DNA. Forensic Science International: Genetics 19, 1345,1-9.

Yamaguchi M et al., 2015. Association between brain-muscle-ARNT-like protein-2 (BMAL2) gene polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus in obese Japanese individuals: A cross-sectional analysis of the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 110(3): 301-308.

Mitra S et al., 2015. Allele frequencies of PON1 Q192R polymorphism in four populations of India. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 39:1051-1056.

Pino-Yanes M et al., 2015. Genetic ancestry influences asthma susceptibility and lung function among Latinos. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 135:228-235.

Uvirova M et al., 2015. Comparison of the prevalence of KRAS-LCS6 polymorphism (rs61764370) within different tumour types (colorectal, breast, non-small cell lung cancer and brain tumours). A study of the Czech population. Biomedical Papers 159(3): 466-471.

Vongpaisarnsin K et al., 2015. Ancestry informative markers for distinguishing between Thai populations based on genome-wide association datasets. Legal Medicine 17(4): 245-250.


Binia A et al., 2014. Geographical and ethnic distribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms within genes of the folate/homocysteine pathway metabolism. Genes and Nutrition 9(5):421. doi:10.1007/s12263-014-0421-7.

Ding Q et al., 2014. Neanderthal introgression at chromosome 3p21.31 was under positive natural selection in east asians. Molecular Biology and Evolution 31,3; pp 683-695.

Duforet-Frebourg N et al ., 2014. Genome Scans for Detecting Footprints of Local Adaptation Using a Bayesian Factor Model. Molecular Biology and Evolution 31:2483-2495.

Engelken J et al., 2014. Extreme Population Differences in the Human Zinc Transporter ZIP4 (SLC39A4) Are Explained by Positive Selection in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS Genetics 10(2): e1004128

Fernández CI et al., 2014. Brief communication: Lactase persistence and dairy intake in Mapuche and Mestizo populations from Southern Chile American Journal of Physical Anthropology 155(3):482-487.

Guenther CA et al ., 2014. A molecular basis for classic blond hair color in Europeans. Nature Genetics 46(7): 748-752.

Jairam S et al., 2014. Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Interact to Affect ADH7 Transcription. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 38(4);921-929.

Jiang X et al., 2014. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the dopamine d2 receptor increase inflammation and fibrosis in human renal proximal tubule cells. Hypertension 63(3): e74-e80.

Masarik S et al., 2014. For better and for worse: Genes and parenting interact to predict future behavior in romantic relationships. Journal of Family Psychology 28(3); 357-367.

Mrug S et al., 2014. DRD4 and susceptibility to peer influence on alcohol use from adolescence to adulthood. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 145:168-173.

Nadeali Z et al., 2014. Analysis of genetic variation of rs4148326 marker located in UGT1A1 gene region: An informative marker for molecular diagnosis of Crigler-Najjar syndrome. Journal of Isfahan Medical School 31(260).

Ngamruengphong S et al ., 2014. Molecular evolution of genetic susceptibility to hepatocellular carcinoma. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 59(5); 986-991.

Sahajpal R et al, 2014. HGV&TB: a comprehensive online resource on human genes and genetic variants associated with tuberculosis. Database--The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation 2014:1-11; doi:10.1093/database/bau112.

Trinks J et al., 2014. Distribution of genetic polymorphisms associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) antiviral response in a multiethnic and admixed population Pharmacogenomics Journal, 14(6): 549-554.

Vacic V et al., 2014. Genome-wide mapping of IBD segments in an Ashkenazi PD cohort identifies associated haplotypes Human Molecular Genetics 23(17), 4693-4702.


Amorim CE et al ., 2011. Migration in Afro-Brazilian rural communities: crossing demographic and genetic data, Hum Biol, 83(4):509-2.

Braem MG et al., 2011. Genetic susceptibility to sporadic ovarian cancer: A systematic review, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Reviews on Cancer, 1816(2):132-46.

Camacho H et al., 2011. Association analysis of COMT polymorphisms and Schizophrenia in a Cuban family sample, Preliminary results, Biotecnologia Aplicada, 28(2):91-95.

Celorrio D et al., 2011. Alcohol-Metabolizing Enzyme Gene Polymorphisms in the Basque Country, Morocco, and Ecuador, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 35(5):879-884.

Corbo RM et al., 2011. Influence of Variation in the Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Receptor Gene (FSHR) and Age at Menopause on the Development of Alzheimer’s Disease in Women, Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 32:63-69.

Cymbron T et al., 2011. Cross-sectional study of risk factors for atherosclerosis in the Azorean population, Annals of Human Biology, 38(3): 354-359.

Giordano D et al., 2011. Nuclear medicine image management system for storage and sharing by using grid services and semantic web, HealthInf-Proceedings of the International Conference on health Informatics, pages 80-86.

Gouniyal M et al, 2011. Genomic Structure of the Immigrant Siddis of East Africa to Southern India: A Study of 20 Autosomal DNA Markers, Biochemical Genetics, Volume 49, Numbers 7-8, 427-442.

Guinan KJ et al., 2011. Worldwide Distribution of Type II Diabetes-Associated TCF7L2 SNPs: Evidence for Stratification in Europe, Biochem Genet. (Epub, ahead of print).

Kshatriya GK et al ., 2011. Genomic congruence of Indo-European speaking tribes of western India with Dravidian-speaking populations of southern India: A study of 20 autosomal DNA markers, Ann Hum Biol., 38(5):583-91.

Levran O et al., 2011. CYP2B6 SNPs are associated with methadone dose required for effective treatment of opiod addiction, Addiction biology, (Epub, ahead of print).

Lou C et al ., 2011. A SNaPshot assay for genotyping 44 individual identification single nucleotide polymorphisms, ELECTROPHORESIS , 32(3-4): 368–378.

Massidda M et al., 2011. Angiotensin-Converting enzyme gene does not contribute to genetic predisposition to elite soccer’s performance in Italians, Medicina dello Sport, 64(1):45-54.

Massidda M et al., 2011. Lack of association between ACE gene insertion/deletion polymorphism and alite artistic gymnastic performance of Italian gymnasts, European Journal of Sport Science, 11(3):149-153.

Matthews LJ et al., 2011. Novelty-Seeking DRD4 Polymorphisms are Associated with Human Migration Distance Out-of-Africa after Controlling for Neutral Population Gene Structure, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 145:382-389.

Myles et al ., 2011. Testing the thrifty gene hypothesis: the Gly482Ser variant in PPARGC1A is associated with BMI in Tongans, BMC Medical Genetics , 12:10

Nohesara S et al., 2011. DNA hypomethylation of MB-COMT promoter in the DNA derived from saliva in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45: 1432-1438.

Ohashi J et al.,2011. The impact of natural selection on an ABCC11 SNP determining earwax type, Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28(1),849-857.

Parkman HP et al ., 2011. Domperidone treatment for gastroparesis: demographic and pharmacogenetic characterization of clinical efficacy and side-effects, Dig Dis Sci., 56(1):115-24.

Phillips C et al ., 2011. Analysis of global variability in 15 established and 5 new European Standard Set (ESS) STRs using the CEPH human genome diversity panel, Forensic Sci Int Genet, 5(3):155-69.

Santoro N et al., 2011. A variant in the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene is associated with fatty liver in obese children and adolescents, Hepatology. (Epub, ahead of print)

Shumay E et al., 2011. Genotype and Ancestry Modulate Brain's DAT Availability in Healthy Humans, Plos one, 6(8): e22754.

Soler S et al.,2011. A comparison of restriction fragment length polymorphism, tetra primer amplification refractory mutation system PCR and unlabeled probe melting analysis for LTA+252 C>T SNP genotyping, Clinica Chimica Acta, 412 (5-6), 430-434.

Thorn CF et al., 2011. PharmGKB summary: very important pharmacogene information for PTGS2, Pharmacogenetics and Genomics, 21(9): 607–613

Torne EE , 2011. A Commentary on Genetic affinity and admixture of northern Thai People along their migration route in Northern Thailand: evidence from autosomal STR loci, Journal of Human genetics, 56(2): 99–100

Xuebin Li et al., 2011. Influence of Allele Frequency on Predicting Animal Phenotype using Back-Propogation Artificail Neural networks, Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences, 16(2):101-105.


Barriot R et al., 2010. Collaboratively charting the gene-to-phenotype network of human congenital heart defects, Genome Medicine, 2 (3), art. no. 16.

Berlin DS et al., 2010. DNATwist: A web based tool for teaching Middle and High School Students About Pharmacogenomics , Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 87(4):393-395.

Chen h and Xie G,2010. The use of web ontology languages and other semantic web tools in drug discovery, Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery, 5(5),413-423.

Chen J et al., 2010. Interethnic comparisons of important pharmacology genes using SNP databases: potential application to drug regulatory assessments, Pharmacogenomics, 11(8):1077-1094.

Chiao JY et al.,2010. Theory and methods in cultural neuroscience, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,5(2-3),356-361.

Colonna V et al., 2010. Long-Range comparison between Genes and Languages Based on Syntactic Distances, Human heredity, 70:245-254.

Cornelis MC et al., 2010.Genetics of post-traumatic stress disorder: Review and recommendations for genome-wide association studies, Current Psychiatry Reports, 12(4), 313-326.

Daneshpour MS et al., 2010. Allele frequency distribution for D11S1304, D11S1998, and D11S934 and metabolic syndrome in TLGS, European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 112(12),1302-1307.

Ginsberg G et al., 2010. Genetic polymorphism in metabolism and host defense enzymes: Implications for human health risk assessment, Critical reviews in Toxicology, 40(7): 575-619.

Graziano f et al., 2010. Genetic modulation of the Let-7 microRNA binding to KRAS 3'-untranslated region and survival of metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with salvage cetuximab-irinotecan, Pharmacogenomics Journal, 10(5), 458-464.

Grigorenko et al., 2010. Aggressive behavior, related conduct problems, and variation in genes affecting dopamine turnover, Aggressive Behavior, 36(3): 158-176.

Kitsios GD et al., 2010. Synopsis and data synthesis of genetic association studies in hypertension for the adrenergic receptor family genes: The CUMAGAS-HYPERT database, American Journal of Hypertension, 23 (3), pp. 305-313.

Lee S et al., 2010. A scalable method for detecting multiple loci associated with traits using TF-IDF weighting and association rule mining, Bioinformatics and Biomedicine Workshops, pg 318 – 323.

Liu B et al., 2010. Polymorphisms of vascular diseases-related genes in Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (Chinese), Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(1):65-9.

Nakaya J et al.,2010. Genomic Sequence Variation Markup Language (GSVML),International Journal of Medical Informatics, 79 (2), 130-142.

Saraswathy KN et al., 2010. Brief Communication: Allelic and Haplotypic Structure at the DRD2 Locus Among Five North Indian Caste Populations, American Journal Of Physical Anthropology, 141:651–657.

Yang HC et al., 2010. A new analysis tool for individual-level allele frequency for genomic studies, BMC Genomics, 11(1),


Attia, J et al., 2009. How to use an article about genetic association: C: What are the results and will they help me in caring for my patients? JAMA. 301(3):304-8.

Borojeni SV et al., 2009. Haplotype analysis of PvuII(a)-MspI-VNTR markers in PAH gene in Isfehan population, GENETICS in the 3rd MILLENIUM , 6(4): 1477-1483.

Borinskaya S et al., 2009. Distribution of the alcohol dehydrogenase. ADH1B*47His allele in Eurasia. Am J Hum Gen 84(1):89-92.

Brookes AJ et al., 2009. The Phenotype and Genotype Experiment Object Model (PaGE-OM): A robust data structure for information related to DNA variation, Human Mutation, 30(6), 968-977.

Coia V et al., 2009. A multi-perspective view of genetic variation in Cameroon, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 140(3), 454-464.

Costas J et al., 2009. A common haplotype of DRD3 affected by recent positive selection is associated with protection from schizophrenia. Hum Genet. 124: 607- 613.

Doughty PL Association for Senior Anthropologists. Anthropol News 49(1):53-54.

Du Y et al., 2009. The Interaction of Reward Genes With Environmental Factors in Contribution to Alcoholism in Mexican Americans, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research , 33(12): 2103–2112.

Gumbinger C et al., 2009. Focal cortical dysplasia: A genotype-phenotype analysis of polymorphisms and mutations in the TSC genes, Epilepsia, 50(6):1396-1408.

Hong-Sheng G et al., 2009. HGD-Chn: The Database of Genome Diversity and Variation for Chinese Populations. Leg Med (Tokyo). [Epub ahead of print].

Johnson AD , 2009, Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Bioinformatics : A Comprehensive Review of Resources, Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics, 2,530-536.

Kozhekbaeva ZhM et al., 2009. Association of NAT2 Polymorphisms with Susceptibility to Psoriasis in the Moscow Population. Mol Biol+ 43(1):55-67.

Montgomery S , 2009. Current Computational Methods for Prioritizing Candidate Regulatory Polymorphisms by Stephen , Biomedical Informatics, Methods in Molecular Biology, , 569, 89-114.

Nakano M et al., 2009. A strong association of axillary osmidrosis with the wet earwax type determined by genotyping of the ABCC11 gene, BMC Gentics, 10: 42.

Rahman FYA et al., 2009. Development of an Alzheimer's Disease genetic database for Malaysian patients, Signal Processing & Its Applications, 332-336.

Ruano G et al., 2009. Physiogenomic analysis of the Puerto Rican population, Pharmacogenomics , 10(4): 565-577.

Sazzini M et al., 2009. An evolutionary approach to the medical implications of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 13B (TNFRSF13B) gene, Genes and Immunity, 10, 566–578

Schwab SG et al., 2009. Molecular Biology of Addiction and Substance Dependence , Molecular Biology of Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology, 23:187-204

Siemes C et al., No modification of the beneficial effect of NSAIDs on colorectal cancer by CYP2C9 genotype, Netherlands Journal of Medicine, 67(4):134-141.

Siváková et al., 2009. ACE Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism and Its Relationships to the Components of Metabolic Syndrome in Elderly Slovaks, Anthropologischer Anzeiger,67(1):1-11.

Thomas DL et al ., 2009. Genetic variation in IL28B and spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus , Nature Letters, 461.

Yu W et al., 2009. The need for genetic variant naming standards in published abstracts of human genetic association studies. BMC Res Notes. 2:56.


Berkman CC et al., 2008. Alu insertion polymorphisms and an assessment of the genetic contribution of Central Asia to Anatolia with respect to the Balkans. Am J Phys Anthropol. 136(1):11-8

Birley AJ et al., 2008. Association of the gastric alcohol dehydrogenase gene ADH7 with variation in alcohol metabolism. Hum Mol Genet. 17(2):179-89.

Branco CC et al., 2008. Azores Islands: genetic origin, gene flow and diversity pattern. Ann Hum Biol. 35(1):65-74.

Brandstrom M et al., 2008. The relationship between microsatellite polymorphism and recombination hot spots in the human genome. Mol Biol Evol. 25(12): 2579-2587.

Brim H et al., 2008. Impact of BRAF, MLH1 on the incidence of microsatellite instability high colorectal cancer in populations based study. 7: Article number 68.

Budowle, B and van Daal, A, 2008. Forensically relevant SNP classes. Biotechniques 44(5): 603-610.

Eisenberg DTA et al., 2008. Dopamine receptor genetic polymorphisms and body composition in undernourished pastoralists: an exploration of nutrition indices among nomadic and recently settled Ariaal men of northern Kenya. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 8:173

Ferrer-Admetlla A et al., 2008. Balancing Selection Is the Main Force Shaping the Evolution of Innate Immunity Genes. The Journal of Immunology. 181: 1315-1322.

French DJ et al., 2008. Interrogation of short tandem repeats using fluorescent probes and melting curve analysis: A step towards rapid DNA identity screening. Forensic science international 2(4): 333 -339.

Gale N et al., 2008. Rapid typing of STRs in the human genome by HyBeacon® melting. Organic & biomolecular chemistry 6(24): 4553 -4559.

Gardner M et al., 2008. Worldwide genetic variation in dopamine and serotonin pathway genes: Implications for association studies. American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics 147(7):1070 -1075.

Hu C et al., 2008. An evaluation of the performance of HapMap SNP data in a Shanghai Chinese population: analyses of allele frequency, linkage disequilibrium pattern and tagging SNPs transferability on chromosome 1q21-q25. BMC Genet. 27;9:19.

Jarvik L et al., 2008. Children of persons with Alzheimer disease: what does the future hold? Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 22(1):6-20.

Kim W et al., 2008. Computing power and sample size for case-control association studies with copy number polymorphism: Application of mixture-based likelihood ratio test. PloS one 3(10): Article number e3475.

Li M et al., 2008. A semiparametric test to detect associations between quantitative traits and candidate genes in structured populations. Bioinformatics 24(20): 2356-2362.

Mamedov IZ et al., 2008. A New Polymorphic Retroelement Database (PRED) for the Human Genome. Molecular Biology. 42(4): 641-646.

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Edenberg HJ et al., 2006. Association of alcohol dehydrogenase genes with alcohol dependence: a comprehensive analysis. Hum Mol Genet. 15(9):1539-49.

Fredman D et al., 2006. Nonsynonymous SNPs: validation characteristics, derived allele frequency patterns, and suggestive evidence for natural selection. Hum Mutat. 27(2):173-86.

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Brutsaert TD & Parra EJ, 2006. What makes a champion? Explaining variation in human athletic performance. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 151(2-3):109-23.

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Witherspoon DJ et al., 2006. Human population genetic structure and diversity inferred from polymorphic L1(LINE-1) and Alu insertions. Hum Hered. 62(1):30-46.

Abdolmaleky HM et al., 2006. Hypomethylation of MB-COMT promoter is a major risk factor for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Hum Mol Genet. 15(21):3132-45.

Balanovsky O et al., 2005. Is spatial distribution of the HIV-1-resistant CCR5Delta32 allele formed by ecological factors? J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 24(4):375-82.

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Maliarchuk BA & Czarny J , 2005. African DNA lineages in mitochondrial gene pool of Europeans. Mol. Biol. 39(5):703-709.

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Top of page  2009

Textbooks citing ALFRED


  • An Introduction to Forensic Genetics, 2011 by William Goodwin, Adrian Linacre, Sibte Hadi
  • Cluster Analysis, 2011 by Brian S. Everitt, Sabine Landau, Morven Leese, Dr Daniel Stahl.
  • Molecular Epidemiology of Chronic Diseases, 2011 by Chris Wild, Paolo Vineis, Seymour Garte
  • Race and the Genetic Revolution - Science, Myth, and Culture, 2011 by Sheldon Krimsky
  • The evolution of personality and individual differences, 2011 by David M. Buss, Patricia H. Hawley


  • Essential Concepts in Molecular Pathology, 2010 by by William B. Coleman
  • Social science libraries: interdisciplinary collections, services, networks, 2010 by Steve W. Witt and Lynne M. Rudasill


  • Biomedical informatics, 2009 by Vadim Astakhov
  • Handbook of neuroscience for the behavioral sciences, Volume 1, 2009 by Gary G. Berntson, John T. Cacioppo
  • Molecular pathology: the molecular basis of human disease, 2009 by William B. Coleman, Gregory J. Tsongalis


  • A novel forensic approach to DNA database construction and population, 2008 by Craig O O'Connor
  • Cancer research: Volume 68, 2008 from American Association for Cancer Research, William H. Donner Foundation
  • Candidate gene analysis of panic disorder, 2008 by Laura M. Hodges, University of California
  • Evolution in Health and Disease, 2008 by Stearns SC and Koella JC.
  • Molecular epidemiology of chronic diseases, 2008 by Chris Wild, Paolo Vineis, Seymour J. Garte


  • A Beginner's Guide to Molecular Structures, 2007 by Sandra Porter
  • Computational genomics: current methods, 2007 by Nikola Stojanovic
  • Cultural anthropology: a guide to reference and information sources, 2007 by JoAnn Jacoby, Josephine Z. Kibbee
  • Handbook of Cultural psychology By Shinobu Kitayama, Dov Cohen, 2007.


  • Bioinformatics: Databases and Algorithms, 2006 by Gautham, N.
  • Biomedical Applications of Proteomics, 2006 by Jean-Charles Sanchez, Garry L. Corthals, Denis F. Hochstrasser
  • Encyclopedia of anthropology, Volume 1, 2006 by H. James Birx
  • Transactions on computational systems biology V, Volume 5, 2006 by Corrado Priami, Yi Pan, Xiaohua Hu


  • Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology, 2005 by Wooley JC and Lin HS.
  • Forensic DNA Typing Protocols, 2005 by Carracedo Á.
  • Hypertension: Methods and Protocols, 2005 by Fennel JP and Baker AH.
  • Molecular Diagnostics, 2005 by Patrinos, GP and Ansorge W.
  • Mammalian Genomics, 2005 by Ruvinsky A and Marshall Graves JA.


  • Bioinformatics: A Practical Guide to the Analysis of Genes and Proteins, Third Edition, 2004 by Andreas D.Baxevanis and B.F.Francis Ouellette.
  • How to Interpret Family History and Ancestry DNA, 2004 by Hart, A.
  • Human Evolutionary Genetics: Origins, Peoples & Disease, 2004 by Jobling MA, Hurles ME and Tyler-Smith C.
  • Nature and nurture: the complex interplay of genetic and environmental factor, 2004 by Elaine L. Bearer, Richard M. Lerner
  • Statistical Methods for the Analysis of Genetic Marker and Microarray Data, 2004 by Yu X.
    (Dissertation submitted under the direction of Dr. Bruce S Weir, North Carolina State University, Raleigh)


  • Medical Genetics at a Glance, 2003 by Pritchard DJ and Korf BR.
  • Nature encyclopedia of the human genome, Volume 1, 2003 by Dr. David N. Cooper, Nature Publishing Group
  • SNP technology and Alzheimer's disease, 2003 by Howell WM (Dissertation submitted under the direction of Dr. Anthony Brookes, Center of Genomics and Bioinformatics, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
  • The Beginners’s Guide to Interpreting Ethnic DNA Origins for Family History: How Ashkenazi, Sephardi, Mizrahi & Europeans Are Related to Everyone Else, 2003 by Hart A.


  • Linajes del cromosoma Y humano: aplicaciones genético-poblacionales y forenses, 2002 by Blanco Verea, Alejandro José
  • Statistica sinica, Volume 12, 2002 by Chung yang yen chiu yüan, International Chinese Statistical Association


  • Archaeogenetics: DNA and the population prehistory of Europe, 2000 by Colin Renfrew, Katherine V. Boyle

Commercial and Patent Citations

  • The Ambry test (Warfarin sensitivity) by Ambry Genetics
  • European Patent Office (Trilateral Technical conference)
    Study on Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) / Haplotype Databases and Search Tools for Examiners (Status Report) cites ALFRED under ‘Selection of relevant databases’.
  • Genetic lesion associated with cancer by Frank J Slack et al, 2010(US Pat. App 12683827)
  • Method for relative quantitation of chromosomal DNA copy number in single or... Richard T. Scott, JR. et al, 2010 (US Pat. App 12802738)
  • Genetic Variants as Markers for Use in Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment …Daniel Gudbjartsson et al, 2009 (US Pat. App 12636082)
Top of page  2011

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