ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
Maya, YucatanPO000013EMAYA, YUCATANMayan

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  20N, 90W; 18N, 88W  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources:  Maya Record     Echoes of the Maya Record    Encarta: Maya Civilization Record    Ethnologue: Language Description Record     The Modern Maya Record    Encarta: Map Record    Ethnologue: Language Map Record     Modern Maya Record    HRAF: Collection of Ethnography Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The Mayan culture originated in the Yucatan around 2600 BC. However, the Mayan population is not an archaeological artifact. Over 2 million Mayan people are alive today and are direct descendants of the famed Mayans who build elaborate cities, had an advanced understanding of astronomy and mathmatics, and used that knowledge to develop a notably precise calendar. The modern Mayans live in the highlands of Guatemala and Southern Mexico, and the lowlands of the Yucatan peninsula. Cultural differences distinguish the inhabitants of each region. The Modern Mayan populations lead a predominantly rural and agricultural lifestyle. They continue to speak the many dialects of the larger Mayan language. More than 700,000 Maya live in the Yucatan, speak Yukatek Maya, and most speak Spanish as a second language (The Ethnologue).
References:
- Press, Irwin "Tradition and adaptation: life in a modern Yucatan Maya village". Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press (1975)
Online citation.

- Redfield R. "The folk culture of Yucatan". Chicago, Ill.: The University of Chicago Press (1941) Online citation.

- Shattuck GC. "The peninsula of Yucatan: medical, biological, meteorological and sociological studies". Washington: Carnegie Institution of Washington (1933) Online citation.



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya Compeche

Sample UID: SA000644O

Sample Description:This sample consists Mayans who are Yucatec speakers from in the Xmaben village located in the Mexican state of Campeche in the central Yucatan peninsula. Blood and serum markers indicate European admixture to be about 10 % (K. Weiss, personal communication). Some evidence suggests that the area from which this sample was drawn served as a refuge for Maya people from across southern Mexico who fled to this more remote region during a series of revolts against the Spanish in the 19th and early 20th centuries. There are 53 transformed cell lines (106 chromosomes) established by Judith R. Kidd. The sources of this sample are K.K. Kidd and J.R. Kidd (Yale University).

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000013E

References:
- Castiglione CM, Deinard AS, Speed WC, Sirugo G, Rosenbaum HC, Zhang Y, Grandy DK, Grigorenko EL, Bonne-Tamir B, Pakstis AJ, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Evolution of haplotypes at the DRD2 locus". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:1445-56. (1995) Online citation.

- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Kang AM, Palmatier MA, Kidd KK. "Global variation of a 40-bp VNTR in the 3'-untranslated region of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3)". Biological Psychiatry 46:151-60. (1999) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "Global levels of DNA variation". Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Identification 1993 (Promega) 21-30. (1993)

- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Kidd KK, Morar B, Castiglione CM, Zhao H, Pakstis AJ, Speed WC, Bonne-Tamir B, Lu RB, Goldman D, Lee C, Nam YS, Grandy DK, Jenkins T, Kidd JR. "A global survey of haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium at the DRD2 locus". Hum. Genet. 103:211-27. (1998) Online citation.

- Mateu E, Calafell F, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Casals T, Kidd KK, Bertranpetit J. "Allele Frequencies in a Worldwide Survey of a CA Repeat in the First Intron of the CFTR Gene". Human Heredity 49:15-20. (1999) Online citation.

- Novick GE, Novick CC, Yunis J, Yunis E, Antunez De Mayolo P, Scheer WD, Deininger PL, Stoneking M, York DS, Batzer MA, Herrera RJ. "Polymorphic Alu insertions and the Asian origin of Native American populations". Hum Biol 70:23-39. (1998) Online citation.

- Palmatier MA, Kang AM, Kidd KK. "Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles". Biol. Psychiatry. 46:557-67. (1999) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Dietzsch E, Speed W, Pakstis AJ, Cheung K, Kidd JR, Bonne-Tamir B, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Moral P, Watson E, Krings M, Paabo S, Risch N, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "Global patterns of linkage disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins". Science 271:1380-7. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Ruano G, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Distribution and frequency of a polymorphic Alu insertion at the plasminogen activator locus in humans". Hum. Genet. 97:759-64. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya Buctzotz

Sample UID: SA000647R

Sample Description:This sample was collected from unrelated Maya, Amerindians from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.

Number of Chromosomes: 34

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Antunez-de-Mayolo G, Antunez-de-Mayolo A, Antunez-de-Mayolo P, Papiha SS, Hammer M, Yunis JJ, Yunis EJ, Damodaran C, de Pancorbo MM, Caeiro JL, Puzyrev VP, Herrera RJ. "Phylogenetics of worldwide human populations as determined by polymorphic Alu insertions". Electrophoresis 23:3346-3356. (2002) Online citation.

- Novick GE, Novick CC, Yunis J, Yunis E, Antunez De Mayolo P, Scheer WD, Deininger PL, Stoneking M, York DS, Batzer MA, Herrera RJ. "Polymorphic Alu insertions and the Asian origin of Native American populations". Hum Biol 70:23-39. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya

Sample UID: SA000692R

Sample Description:This sample was collected the Mayan populations of the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico. Mayans were sampled from several small groups. The groups included recent immigrants to a low-income peri-urban neighborhood of a city of 150,000, several villages of 500-5000 people, and two villages in the remote part of the Yucatan jungle.

Number of Chromosomes: 56

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000538Q

References:
- Romualdi C, Balding D, Nasidze IS, Risch G, Robichaux M, Sherry ST, Stoneking M, Batzer MA, Barbujani G. "Patterns of human diversity, within and among continents, inferred from Biallilic DNA polymorphisms". Genome Res 12:602-612. (2002) Online citation.

- Soodyall H, Vigilant L, Hill AV, Stoneking M, Jenkins T. "mtDNA control-region sequence variation suggests multiple independent origins of an "Asian-specific" 9-bp deletion in the Sub-Saharan Africans". Am J Hum Genet 58:595-608. (1996) Online citation.

- Stoneking M, Fontius JJ, Clifford SL, Soodyall H, Arcot SS, Saha N, Jenkins T, Tahir MA, Deininger PL, Batzer MA. "Alu insertion polymorphisms and human evolution: evidence for a larger population size in Africa ". Genome Res 7:1061-71. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya, Yucatec

Sample UID: SA000734O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Mayans who are Yucatec speakers from in the Xmaben village located in the Mexican state of Campeche in the central Yucatan peninsula. Blood and serum markers indicate European admixture to be about 10 % (K. Weiss, personal communication). Some evidence suggests that the area from which this sample was drawn served as a refuge for Maya people from across southern Mexico who fled to this more remote region during a series of revolts against the Spanish in the 19th and early 20th centuries. There are 53 transformed cell lines (106 chromosomes) established by Judith R. Kidd. The sources of this sample are K.K. Kidd and J.R. Kidd (Yale University).

Number of Chromosomes: 104

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000013E

References:
- Castiglione CM, Deinard AS, Speed WC, Sirugo G, Rosenbaum HC, Zhang Y, Grandy DK, Grigorenko EL, Bonne-Tamir B, Pakstis AJ, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Evolution of haplotypes at the DRD2 locus". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:1445-56. (1995) Online citation.

- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Kang AM, Palmatier MA, Kidd KK. "Global variation of a 40-bp VNTR in the 3'-untranslated region of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3)". Biological Psychiatry 46:151-60. (1999) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "Global levels of DNA variation". Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Identification 1993 (Promega) 21-30. (1993)

- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Kidd KK, Morar B, Castiglione CM, Zhao H, Pakstis AJ, Speed WC, Bonne-Tamir B, Lu RB, Goldman D, Lee C, Nam YS, Grandy DK, Jenkins T, Kidd JR. "A global survey of haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium at the DRD2 locus". Hum. Genet. 103:211-27. (1998) Online citation.

- Mateu E, Calafell F, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Casals T, Kidd KK, Bertranpetit J. "Allele Frequencies in a Worldwide Survey of a CA Repeat in the First Intron of the CFTR Gene". Human Heredity 49:15-20. (1999) Online citation.

- Palmatier MA, Kang AM, Kidd KK. "Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles". Biol. Psychiatry. 46:557-67. (1999) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Dietzsch E, Speed W, Pakstis AJ, Cheung K, Kidd JR, Bonne-Tamir B, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Moral P, Watson E, Krings M, Paabo S, Risch N, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "Global patterns of linkage disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins". Science 271:1380-7. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Ruano G, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Distribution and frequency of a polymorphic Alu insertion at the plasminogen activator locus in humans". Hum. Genet. 97:759-64. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mayan

Sample UID: SA000109K

Sample Description:Mayan sample provided by JL Rupert.

Number of Chromosomes: 102

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Rupert JL, Kidd KK, Norman LE, Monsalve MV, Hochachka PW, Devine DV. "Genetic polymorphisms in the renin-angiotensin system in high-altitude and low-altitude Native American populations". Ann Hum Genet 67:17-25. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya, Yucatec

Sample UID: SA000013E

Sample Description:This sample consists of Mayans who are Yucatec speakers from in the Xmaben village located in the Mexican state of Campeche in the central Yucatan peninsula. Blood and serum markers indicate European admixture to be about 10 % (K. Weiss, personal communication). Some evidence suggests that the area from which this sample was drawn served as a refuge for Maya people from across southern Mexico who fled to this more remote region during a series of revolts against the Spanish in the 19th and early 20th centuries. There are 53 transformed cell lines (106 chromosomes) established by Judith R. Kidd. The sources of this sample are K.K. Kidd and J.R. Kidd (Yale University).

Number of Chromosomes: 106

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Castiglione CM, Deinard AS, Speed WC, Sirugo G, Rosenbaum HC, Zhang Y, Grandy DK, Grigorenko EL, Bonne-Tamir B, Pakstis AJ, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Evolution of haplotypes at the DRD2 locus". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:1445-56. (1995) Online citation.

- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Kang AM, Palmatier MA, Kidd KK. "Global variation of a 40-bp VNTR in the 3'-untranslated region of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3)". Biological Psychiatry 46:151-60. (1999) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "Global levels of DNA variation". Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Identification 1993 (Promega) 21-30. (1993)

- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Kidd KK, Morar B, Castiglione CM, Zhao H, Pakstis AJ, Speed WC, Bonne-Tamir B, Lu RB, Goldman D, Lee C, Nam YS, Grandy DK, Jenkins T, Kidd JR. "A global survey of haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium at the DRD2 locus". Hum. Genet. 103:211-27. (1998) Online citation.

- Mateu E, Calafell F, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Casals T, Kidd KK, Bertranpetit J. "Allele Frequencies in a Worldwide Survey of a CA Repeat in the First Intron of the CFTR Gene". Human Heredity 49:15-20. (1999) Online citation.

- Palmatier MA, Kang AM, Kidd KK. "Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles". Biol. Psychiatry. 46:557-67. (1999) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Dietzsch E, Speed W, Pakstis AJ, Cheung K, Kidd JR, Bonne-Tamir B, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Moral P, Watson E, Krings M, Paabo S, Risch N, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "Global patterns of linkage disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins". Science 271:1380-7. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Ruano G, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Distribution and frequency of a polymorphic Alu insertion at the plasminogen activator locus in humans". Hum. Genet. 97:759-64. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mayan

Sample UID: SA000538Q

Sample Description:This sample was collected the Mayan populations of the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico. Mayans were sampled from several small groups. The groups included recent immigrants to a low-income peri-urban neighborhood of a city of 150,000, several villages of 500-5000 people, and two villages in the remote part of the Yucatan jungle.

Number of Chromosomes: 102

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000013E

References:
- Weiss KM, Buchanan AV, Valdez R, Moore JH, Campbell J. "Amerindians and the price of modernization. In Urban ecology and health in the third world (ed. LM Schell, MT Smith, and A Bilsborough)". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1993)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya, HGDP-CEPH

Sample UID: SA001512J

Sample Description:This sample is part of the Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel collected by the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) and the Foundation Jean Dausset (CEPH).

This sample consists of Mayans who are Yucatec speakers from in the Xmaben village located in the Mexican state of Campeche in the central Yucatan peninsula. Blood and serum markers indicate European admixture to be about 10 % (K. Weiss, personal communication). Some evidence suggests that the area from which this sample was drawn served as a refuge for Maya people from across southern Mexico who fled to this more remote region during a series of revolts against the Spanish in the 19th and early 20th centuries. There are 53 transformed cell lines (106 chromosomes) established by Judith R. Kidd. The sources of this sample are K.K. Kidd and J.R. Kidd (Yale University).

Note: In many publications subset H952 of the HGDP panel (with first and second degree relatives excluded from the original set) was typed and for this population that decreases the sample size from 25 to 21 individuals. For the studies H971 subset with only the first degree relatives excluded the sample size decreases from 25 to 23.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000013E

References:
- Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, Zhivotovsky LA, Feldman MW. "Genetic structure of human populations". Science 298:2381-2385. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mayan

Sample UID: SA002353N

Sample Description:This sample consists of Mayan individuals. Informed consent were obtained.

Number of Chromosomes: 80

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Su B, Jin L, Hu F, Xiao J, Luo J, Lu D, Zhang W, Chu J, Du R, Geng Z, Qiu X, Xue J, Tan J, O'Brien SJ, Chakraborty R "Distribution of two HIV-1-resistant polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A and CCR2-64I) in East Asian and world populations and its implication in AIDS epidemiology". Am J Hum Genet. 65:1047-53. (1999) Online citation.

- Su B, Sun G, Lu D, Xiao J, Hu F, Chakraborty R, Deka R, Jin L "Distribution of three HIV-1 resistance-conferring polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A, CCR2-641, and CCR5-delta32) in global populations". Eur J Hum Genet. 8:975-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mayan Amerindians

Sample UID: SA003471P

Sample Description:The mayan samples were collected from two villages, Bola De Oro and Cienega Grande, from Chimaltenango, Guatemala.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kosoy R, Nassir R, Tian C, White PA, Butler LM, Silva G, Kittles R, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Gregersen PK, Belmont JW, De La Vega FM, Seldin MF. "Ancestry informative marker sets for determining continental origin and admixture proportions in common populations in America". Hum Mutat 30:69-78. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya, Yucatan

Sample UID: SA003964W

Sample Description:This sample is the subset of the Kidd Lab sample SA000013E.This sample consists of Mayans who are Yucatec speakers from in the Xmaben village located in the Mexican state of Campeche in the central Yucatan peninsula. Blood and serum markers indicate European admixture to be about 10 % (K. Weiss, personal communication). Some evidence suggests that the area from which this sample was drawn served as a refuge for Maya people from across southern Mexico who fled to this more remote region during a series of revolts against the Spanish in the 19th and early 20th centuries.The sources of this sample are K.K. Kidd and J.R. Kidd (Yale University).

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of Sample SA000013E

References:
- Publication pending


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya Mestizo

Sample UID: SA003112H

Sample Description:This sample consists of controls of Maya-Mestizo ethnic origin from the State of Yucatan. The study was approved by the Bioethics committee of the "Dr. Hideyo Noguchi" Research center. This study was conducted at the Materno-Infantil Hospital of the Secretaria de Salud from August 2002 to September 2003. This hospital provides maternity services to women residing in Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. Informed consent was obtained from all the participants.

Number of Chromosomes: 548

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Canto P, Canto-Cetina T, Juárez-Velázquez R, Rosas-Vargas H, Rangel-Villalobos H, Canizales-Quinteros S, Velázquez-Wong AC, Villarreal-Molina MT, Fernández G, Coral-Vázquez R. "Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T and glutathione S-transferase P1 A313G are associated with a reduced risk of preeclampsia in Maya-Mestizo women". Hypertens Res. 31:1015-9. (2008) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mayan

Sample UID: SA003574T

Sample Description:This sample consists of Mayan Mixe population from the state of Oaxaca in Southeastern Mexico.

Number of Chromosomes: 52

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Rosas-Vargas H, Flores-Segura A, Guizada-Claure B, Vargas-Alarcón G, Granados J, Salamanca F, Coral-Vázquez R. "Endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphism in the Indian and Mestizo populations of Mexico". Hum Biol. 75:91-6. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya,Yucatan

Sample UID: SA003308O

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals from Maya, Yucatan.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 80

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- Gelernter J, Kranzler H, Lacobelle J. "Population studies of polymorphisms at loci of neuropsychiatric interest (tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), dopamine transporter protein (SLC6A3), D3 dopamine receptor (DRD3), apolipoprotein E (APOE), mu opioid receptor (OPRM1), and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF)).". Genomics. 52:289-97. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya

Sample UID: SA003676W

Sample Description:This sample consists of Mayans from Mexico. All the Mexican natives and their ancestors (two generations) were born in the same community and spoke their own native language.

Number of Chromosomes: 220

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Acuña-Alonzo V et al. "A functional ABCA1 gene variant is associated with low HDL-cholesterol levels and shows evidence of positive selection in Native Americans". Hum Mol Genet 19:2877-85. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mayans

Sample UID: SA004137P

Sample Description:This sample consists of 303 unaffected controls of Mayan descent. Unaffected controls were recruited from outpatients at two outpatient clinics at primary care institutions in the same area (located at San Cristobal and Tuxtla Gutie´rrez) who had come to the clinic for various medical reasons.

Number of Chromosomes: 606

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Rojas-Martinez A, Reutter H, Chacon-Camacho O, Leon-Cachon RB, Munoz-Jimenez SG, Nowak S, Becker J, Herberz R, Ludwig KU, Paredes-Zenteno M, Arizpe-Cantú A, Raeder S, Herms S, Ortiz-Lopez R, Knapp M, Hoffmann P, Nöthen MM, Mangold E. "Genetic risk factors for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in a Mesoamerican population: Evidence for IRF6 and variants at 8q24 and 10q25". Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 88:535-7. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya

Sample UID: SA004723Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of Mayan individuals from North America. Written informed consent was obtained from all individuals. This sample is part of Caixia Li's group in Institute of Forensic Science, Beijing, China. It was provided by the Kenneth K. Kidd's laboratory to Caixia lab.

Number of Chromosomes: 102

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jiang L, Wei YL, Zhao L, Li N, Liu T, Liu HB, Ren LJ, Li JL, Hao HF, Li Q, Li CX. "Global analysis of population stratification using a smart panel of 27 continental ancestry-informative SNPs". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 35:e10-e12. (2018) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maya

Sample UID: SA004388X

Sample Description:This sample is part of Kidd Lab sample collection and is subset of sample SA000013E.

Number of Chromosomes: 42

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000013E

References:
- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan