ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
SuruiPO000014FSURUITUPI

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  9S, 62W; 11.5S, 60W  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Map Record     From the Indians of Rondonia... Record     Les ethnies de la Grande Amazonie Record    Ethnologue: Language Description Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The approximately 800 Rondonian Surui, or Paiter, live in several small villages scattered along the border between the Brazilian provinces of Mato Grosso and Rondonia near the Gi-Parana river (Ethnologue, 1994). These Amazonian hunters and small-scale farmers lived in isolation from the outside world until 1969 (Chiappino, 1975). The Suruis numbers have fallen dramatically since contact as a result of disease and conflict with Brazilian settlers and loggers (Fleming-Morgan, 1991). In 1976 the Brazilian government established a reserve for the tribe, the Aripuana Indian Park. In order to become economically independant, the Suruis becan to exploit their coffee crops int he early 1980s. A separate indigenous group in the northern Brazilian state of Para, the Aikewara, are also sometimes called Surui, but their languages belong to different branches of the Tupi family and the two groups are not thought to be closely related.
References:
- Coimbra CEA Jr. "From Shifting Cultivation to Coffee Farming: The Impact of change on the Health and Ecology of the Surui Indians of the Brazilian Amazon.". Ph.D. dissertation. Indiana University, Bloomington (1989)

- Fleming-Moran M, Santos RV, Coimbra CEA Jr. "Blood pressure levels of the Surui and Zoro Indians of the Brazilian Amazon: group and sex-specific effects resulting from body composition, health status, and age ". Human Biology 63:835-61. (1991) Online citation.

- Fleming-Moran M, Santos RV, Coimbra Jr. CEA. "Blood pressure levels of the Surui and Zoro Indians of the Brazilian Amazon: group- and sex-specific effects resulting from body composition, health status, and age". Human biology 63:835-61. (1991)

- Mindlin B "Os Surui da Rond0onia: entre a floresta e a colheita". Revista de Antropologia 27:203-11. (1984) Online citation.

- Santos RV, Carlos EAC Jr. "Socioeconomic differentiation and body morphology in the Surui of southwestern Amazonia". Current Anthropology 37:851-6. (1996) Online citation.



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui, Rondonia

Sample UID: SA000736Q

Sample Description:Collected by F. L. Black. The sample contains three women who married into the Surui from an adjacent tribe, the Cinta Larga. Statistical analyses indicate many pairs of first degree relatives in the sample.

Number of Chromosomes: 94

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000014F

References:
- Castiglione CM, Deinard AS, Speed WC, Sirugo G, Rosenbaum HC, Zhang Y, Grandy DK, Grigorenko EL, Bonne-Tamir B, Pakstis AJ, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Evolution of haplotypes at the DRD2 locus". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:1445-56. (1995) Online citation.

- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Kang AM, Palmatier MA, Kidd KK. "Global variation of a 40-bp VNTR in the 3'-untranslated region of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3)". Biological Psychiatry 46:151-60. (1999) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "Global levels of DNA variation". Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Identification 1993 (Promega) 21-30. (1993)

- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Kidd KK, Morar B, Castiglione CM, Zhao H, Pakstis AJ, Speed WC, Bonne-Tamir B, Lu RB, Goldman D, Lee C, Nam YS, Grandy DK, Jenkins T, Kidd JR. "A global survey of haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium at the DRD2 locus". Hum. Genet. 103:211-27. (1998) Online citation.

- Mateu E, Calafell F, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Casals T, Kidd KK, Bertranpetit J. "Allele Frequencies in a Worldwide Survey of a CA Repeat in the First Intron of the CFTR Gene". Human Heredity 49:15-20. (1999) Online citation.

- Palmatier MA, Kang AM, Kidd KK. "Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles". Biol. Psychiatry. 46:557-67. (1999) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Dietzsch E, Speed W, Pakstis AJ, Cheung K, Kidd JR, Bonne-Tamir B, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Moral P, Watson E, Krings M, Paabo S, Risch N, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "Global patterns of linkage disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins". Science 271:1380-7. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Ruano G, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Distribution and frequency of a polymorphic Alu insertion at the plasminogen activator locus in humans". Hum. Genet. 97:759-64. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui

Sample UID: SA000149O

Sample Description:Surui sample from the Indian Area Sete de Setembro (61?10'W, 10?50'S), located in the states of Mato Grosso and Rondonia, Brazil.

Number of Chromosomes: 48

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Bevilaqua LR, Mattevi VS, Ewald GM, Salzano FM, Coimbra CE Junior, Santos RV, Hutz MH. "Beta-globin gene cluster haplotype distribution in five Brazilian Indian tribes". Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 98:395-401. (1995) Online citation.

- Bogdawa HM, Hutz MH, Salzano FM, Weimer TA. "Diversity of Two Short Tandem Repeat Loci (CD4 and F13A1) in Three Brazilian Ethnic Groups". Hum. Biol. 72:1045-1053. (2000) Online citation.

- Kvitko K, Nunes JC, Weimer TA, Salzano FM, Hutz MH. "Cytochrome P4501A1 Polymorphisms in South American Indians". Hum. Biol. 72:1039-1043. (2000) Online citation.

- Simon D, Bandinelli E, Roisenberg I. "Von Willebrand factor gene polymorphisms in three Brazilian ethnic groups". Hum. Biol. 72:1055-1063. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui, Rondonia

Sample UID: SA000014F

Sample Description:The sample contains individuals from the Rondonia Province in Brazil and was collected by F. L. Black. Statistical analyses indicate many pairs of first degree relatives in the sample.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Castiglione CM, Deinard AS, Speed WC, Sirugo G, Rosenbaum HC, Zhang Y, Grandy DK, Grigorenko EL, Bonne-Tamir B, Pakstis AJ, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Evolution of haplotypes at the DRD2 locus". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:1445-56. (1995) Online citation.

- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Kang AM, Palmatier MA, Kidd KK. "Global variation of a 40-bp VNTR in the 3'-untranslated region of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3)". Biological Psychiatry 46:151-60. (1999) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Black FL, Weiss KM, Balazs I, Kidd KK. "Studies of three Amerindian populations using nuclear DNA polymorphisms.". Human Biology 63:775. (1991) Online citation.

- Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "Global levels of DNA variation". Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Identification 1993 (Promega) 21-30. (1993)

- Kidd JR. "Population genetics and population history of Amerindians as reflected by nuclear DNA variation". Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University (1993)

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Kidd KK, Morar B, Castiglione CM, Zhao H, Pakstis AJ, Speed WC, Bonne-Tamir B, Lu RB, Goldman D, Lee C, Nam YS, Grandy DK, Jenkins T, Kidd JR. "A global survey of haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium at the DRD2 locus". Hum. Genet. 103:211-27. (1998) Online citation.

- Mateu E, Calafell F, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Casals T, Kidd KK, Bertranpetit J. "Allele Frequencies in a Worldwide Survey of a CA Repeat in the First Intron of the CFTR Gene". Human Heredity 49:15-20. (1999) Online citation.

- Palmatier MA, Kang AM, Kidd KK. "Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles". Biol. Psychiatry. 46:557-67. (1999) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Dietzsch E, Speed W, Pakstis AJ, Cheung K, Kidd JR, Bonne-Tamir B, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Moral P, Watson E, Krings M, Paabo S, Risch N, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "Global patterns of linkage disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins". Science 271:1380-7. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Ruano G, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Distribution and frequency of a polymorphic Alu insertion at the plasminogen activator locus in humans". Hum. Genet. 97:759-64. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui, HGDP-CEPH

Sample UID: SA001515M

Sample Description:This sample is part of the Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel collected by the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) and the Foundation Jean Dausset (CEPH).

The sample contains individuals from the Rondonia Province in Brazil and was collected by F. L. Black.

Note: In many publications subset H952 of the HGDP panel (with first and second degree relatives excluded from the original set) was typed and for this population that decreases the sample size from 21 to 8 individuals. For studies using H971 subset with only the first degree relatives excluded the sample size decreases from 21 to 9.

Number of Chromosomes: 42

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000014F

References:
- Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, Zhivotovsky LA, Feldman MW. "Genetic structure of human populations". Science 298:2381-2385. (2002) Online citation.

- Rosenberg NA. "Standardized subsets of the HGDP-CEPH Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel, accounting for atypical and duplicated samples and pairs of close relatives.". Ann Hum Genet. 70:841-847. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui

Sample UID: SA000999B

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated males and females belonging to the Surui. The Surui is a Amerindian group located in Brazil, South America.

Number of Chromosomes: 48

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Dornelles CL, Battilana J, Fagundes NJ, Freitas LB, Bonatto SL, Salzano FM. "Mitochondrial DNA and Alu insertions in a genetically peculiar population: the Ayoreo Indians of Bolivia and Paraguay.". Am J Hum Biol. 16:479-88. (2004) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui

Sample UID: SA002354O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Surui individuals. Informed consent were obtained.

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Su B, Jin L, Hu F, Xiao J, Luo J, Lu D, Zhang W, Chu J, Du R, Geng Z, Qiu X, Xue J, Tan J, O'Brien SJ, Chakraborty R "Distribution of two HIV-1-resistant polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A and CCR2-64I) in East Asian and world populations and its implication in AIDS epidemiology". Am J Hum Genet. 65:1047-53. (1999) Online citation.

- Su B, Sun G, Lu D, Xiao J, Hu F, Chakraborty R, Deka R, Jin L "Distribution of three HIV-1 resistance-conferring polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A, CCR2-641, and CCR5-delta32) in global populations". Eur J Hum Genet. 8:975-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui

Sample UID: SA003950R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Surui individuals from Sete de Setembro, Brazil.

Number of Chromosomes: 42

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Gaspar PA, Hutz MH, Salzano FM, Hill K, Hurtado AM, Petzl-Erler ML, Tsuneto LT, Weimer TA "Polymorphisms of CYP1a1, CYP2e1, GSTM1, GSTT1, and TP53 genes in Amerindians". Am J Phys Anthropol. 119:249-56. (2002) Online citation.

- Jaja C, Burke W, Thummel K, Edwards K, Veenstra DL. "Cytochrome p450 enzyme polymorphism frequency in indigenous and native american populations: a systematic review". Community Genet 11:141-9. (2008) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui

Sample UID: SA003262N

Sample Description:This sample consists of Surui individuals.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 48

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- de Andrade FM, Coimbra CE Jr, Santos RV, Goicoechea A, Carnese FR, Salzano FM, Hutz MH. "High heterogeneity of apolipoprotein E gene frequencies in South American Indians". Ann Hum Biol. 27:29-34. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Surui

Sample UID: SA003310H

Sample Description:This sample consists of Rondonia Surui of Amazon Basin - Rondonia Province.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 56

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- Gelernter J, Kranzler H, Lacobelle J. "Population studies of polymorphisms at loci of neuropsychiatric interest (tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), dopamine transporter protein (SLC6A3), D3 dopamine receptor (DRD3), apolipoprotein E (APOE), mu opioid receptor (OPRM1), and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF)).". Genomics. 52:289-97. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Rondonian Surui

Sample UID: SA004390Q

Sample Description:This sample is part of the Kidd Lab Sample collection and is subset of sample SA000736Q.

Number of Chromosomes: 46

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000736Q

References:
- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Rondonian Surui

Sample UID: SA004727U

Sample Description:This sample consists of Rondonian Surui individuals from South America. Written informed consent was obtained from all individuals. This sample is part of Caixia Li's group in Institute of Forensic Science, Beijing, China. It was provided by the Kenneth K. Kidd's laboratory to Caixia lab.

Number of Chromosomes: 94

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jiang L, Wei YL, Zhao L, Li N, Liu T, Liu HB, Ren LJ, Li JL, Hao HF, Li Q, Li CX. "Global analysis of population stratification using a smart panel of 27 continental ancestry-informative SNPs". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 35:e10-e12. (2018) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan