ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
MuscogeePO000064KMUSKOGEEMuskogean

Synonyms: Creek ; Mvskoke ;
Geographic Location1:  36.2N, 96.7W; 34.6N, 95.2W  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Map Record     Last Words: Mother Tongues in Trouble Record    Ethnologue: Language Description Record     An Introduction to the Creek Nation Record     Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma Record    EthnoAtlas: Group Record Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The Muskogee (Creek) Nation is a tribal government located in east central Oklahoma. The capital of the Creek Nation is Okmulgee, OK. As of December 2001 tribal enrollment was just over 51,000 (Ref: Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma). The Creek people speak the Muskogean (Mvskoke) language.

The ancestors of the Muskogee people are thought to be the prehistoric Mississippi Culture who occupied the Etowah Mounds village. Prior to the 18th century, the Muskogee was the major tribe in the southeastern alliance of the Creek Confederacy that controlled most of Georgia. A chief governed the permanent towns. When a town got too large it would split in half and form a new village.

In 1783, the Nation split into Upper and Lower Muskogee sections. In 1812 the Creeks were aligned in a war against the British. Thus when Andrew Jackson and his troops defeated the British, he also attacked the Creek Confederacy, forcing them to relinquish one-third of their land. Some of the Muskogee population went to Florida. In the removal treaty of 1832 Muskogee leadership exchanged the last of their homeland for new lands in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The removal of more than 20,000 was enforced. They traveled along the historic "Trail of Tears" from 1836-37 to their new home. The American Civil War was extremely unfavorable for the Muskogee people. The first three battles of the war in Indian Territory occurred when Confederate forces attacked neutral Muskogee (Creeks). The reconstruction treaty of 1866 required the cession of approximately half of the Muskogee domain.

In 1971 The Muskogee people were able to elect a Chief without Presidential approval for the first time since the disassemblement of the government.
References:
- Keel BC. "An analysis of Muskogee kinship". Florida Anthropologist 26:67-78. (1973)

- Munro P, Gordon L. "Syntactic relations in western Muskogean: a typological perspective". Language 58:81-115. (1982)

- Ulrich CH. "The glottal stop in western Muskogean". International Journal of American Linguistics 59:430-41. (1993)



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mvskoke

Sample UID: SA000694T

Sample Description:This sample was collected from Mvskoke Indians in eastern Oklahoma. Women and their first degree relatives and spouses were randomly selected. Half of the individuals are from a rural region and the other half are from more urban (small town) subdivisions of the population.

Number of Chromosomes: 64

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000537P

References:
- Romualdi C, Balding D, Nasidze IS, Risch G, Robichaux M, Sherry ST, Stoneking M, Batzer MA, Barbujani G. "Patterns of human diversity, within and among continents, inferred from Biallilic DNA polymorphisms". Genome Res 12:602-612. (2002) Online citation.

- Stoneking M, Fontius JJ, Clifford SL, Soodyall H, Arcot SS, Saha N, Jenkins T, Tahir MA, Deininger PL, Batzer MA. "Alu insertion polymorphisms and human evolution: evidence for a larger population size in Africa ". Genome Res 7:1061-71. (1997) Online citation.

- Weiss KM, Buchanan AV, Valdez R, Moore JH, Campbell J. "Amerindians and the price of modernization. In Urban ecology and health in the third world (ed. LM Schell, MT Smith, and A Bilsborough)". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1993)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Muscogee Amerindians

Sample UID: SA000064K

Sample Description:The Moskoke Amerindians were sampled in the east central part of Oklahoma as a part of a larger study on diabetes. These people are, by their own report, not admixed with Europeans. This sample was collected by K. Weiss (University of Penn.) and John Moore (University of Oklahoma).

Number of Chromosomes: 22

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mvskoke

Sample UID: SA000537P

Sample Description:This sample was collected from Mvskoke Indians in eastern Oklahoma. Women and their first degree relatives and spouses were randomly selected. Half of the individuals are from a rural region and the other half are from more urban (small town) subdivisions of the population.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples: Superset of sample SA0000064K.

References:
- Weiss KM, Buchanan AV, Valdez R, Moore JH, Campbell J. "Amerindians and the price of modernization. In Urban ecology and health in the third world (ed. LM Schell, MT Smith, and A Bilsborough)". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1993)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Mvskoke

Sample UID: SA001178R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Mvskoke Creek Indians of Oklahoma.

Number of Chromosomes: 70

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mattevi VS, Fiegenbaum M, Salzano FM, Weiss KM, Moore J, Monsalve MV, Devine DV, Hutz MH. "Beta-globin gene cluster haplotypes in two North American indigenous populations". Am J Phys Anthropol. 112:311-317. (2000) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

Top


© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan