ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family

Geographic Location1:  32.25N, 34.5E; 31.75N, 35.5E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Description Record     Samaritan Language and Literature Record     Map of Samaria Record    Encyclopaedia of the Orient: Samaritans Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The Samaritans are a religious group, who consider themselves Isrealites whose center of life is Mount Gerizim: The Mount of Blessing. This group is a remnant of an ancient people, the descendants of the Northern Kingdom of Isreal. During the 4th-5th century they numbered approximately 1,200,000, inhabiting the region form Southern Syria to Northern Egypt. Due to decrees and wars their population was drasticaly reduced. In 1917 their population was only 146 individuals. They now number about 550. About half of the Samaritans live in Kiryat Luza, close to the mountain of Gerizim, just south of Nablus in Palestine, which is their religious centre. They speak Palestinian Arabic as their mother tongue. The rest live in Holon district right outside Tel Aviv in Israel. The Samaritan population has many ties with the Jewish population, due their connected history. The Samaritans broke with the Jewish majority in 6th century BCE, and constructed a temple on the mountain Gerizim. There are four most important differences which distinguish them from the Jewish population. The first and most basic is that the Jews have faith in Jerusalem and Solomn's Temple, while the Samaritianis have faith in Gerizim Mountains. The Second difference is that the Samaritan scripture is limited to the Pentecost and have faith in the five books of hte Holy Torah, while the Jews have faith in the old Torah. The Samaritans of Palestine participate in the life of Palestine, while the Samaritans of Israel participate in the Israeli society. The third is that the Jewish language is the Asyrian (new Hebrew) whereas the Samaritan language is the old Hebrew. They use Samaritan Hebrew mainly and Samaritan Aramaic secondarily as their liturgical languages. The final distinction is that they differ in several marital laws. For example following the laws of purity and impurity the husband assums the duties of the wife during her period.
- Bonne B, Adam A, Ashkenazi I, Bat-Miriam M. "A preliminary report on some genetical characteristics in the Samaritan population". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 23:397-400. (1965)

- Bonne B. "Genes and phenotypes in the Samaritan isolate". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 24:1-19. (1966)

- Bonne B. "The Samaritans: a demographic study". Human Biology 35:61-89. (1963)

- Cazes MH, Bonne B. "Genetic evolution of the Samaritans". Journal of Biosocial Science 16:177-87. (1984)

Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Samaritans

Sample UID: SA000098R

Sample Description:Samaritan sample collected by Bonne-Tamir from Israel.

Number of Chromosomes: 82

Relation to Other Samples:

- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".

Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Samaritans

Sample UID: SA004371P

Sample Description:This sample is part of KiddLab samples collection and is a subset of SA000098R.

Number of Chromosomes: 76

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000098R

- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".

1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.


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