ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
HausaPO000097QHAUSAAfro-Asiatic

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  18N, 4E; 7N, 20E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: EthnoBass: African Cultures Record    EthnoAtlas: Population Description Record     UCLA Hausa Links Record    Ethnologue: Country Description Record    HRAF: Collection of Ethnography Record    African Art Museum: Tribal Map Record    Ethnologue: Language Family Tree Record    EthnoAtlas: Group Record Record    Ethnologue: Language Description Record    Ethnologue: Language Map Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The Hausa population makes up the largest ethnic group in all of West Africa. It is a farming population whose social organization is based on a hierarchical system based on occupation, wealth, and birth. 22,000,000 Muslim Hausa live in the northwestern part of Nigeria in an area known as "Hausaland." Large Hausa populations can also be found in Niger, Cameroon, Togo, Burkina Faso, and Chad. The Hausa language is part of the Chadic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is an official language of Nigeria and widely used as a trade language throughout West Africa.

The Hausa's origins are unclear, but by 1000 AD their ancestors lived in towns throughout northern Nigeria and Niger. In 1200, the Hausa state was in control of the region. Throughout their history Hausa people have been conquered by Fulani, Bornu, Songhai and Mande people. In the 14th century their towns were converted to Islam as the Fulani herders from the Senegal river region began migrating into Hausa territory in great numbers. The two groups intermarried and together became a major trading and military power in Western and Central Africa.
References:
- Faulkingham RH. "Political support in a Hausa village". Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms (1971)
Online citation.

- Greenberg JH. "Islam and clan organization among the Hausa.". Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 3:193-211. (1947) Online citation.

- Greenberg JH. "Islam and clan organization among the Hausa.". Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 3:193-211. (1947) Online citation.

- Hill P. "Rural Hausa: a village and setting". Cambridge, England: University Press (1972)

- Smith, MG. "The economy of Hausa communities of Zaria". Her Majesty's Stationery Office 8:7844. (1955)



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hausa

Sample UID: SA000100B

Sample Description: This sample was collected by Profs. F. Okonofua and F. Oronsaye from Hausa living in Zaria, North Central Nigeria. There are 39 transformed cell lines (78 chromosomes) established by Judith R. Kidd.

Number of Chromosomes: 78

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Haoussa (Niger)

Sample UID: SA000397T

Sample Description:This sample consist of young adults living in the country of Niger, which is located in sub-Saharan Africa. The subjects are mainly males for whom information on their parents' ethnic background has been obtained.

Number of Chromosomes: 74

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Zekraoui L, Lagarde JP, Raisonnier A, Gerard N, Aouizerate A, Lucotte G. "High Frequency of the Apolipoprotein E*4 Allele in African Pygmies and Most of the African Populations in Sub-Saharan Africa". Hum. Biol. 69:575-81. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hausa

Sample UID: SA003960S

Sample Description:This sample is the subset of the KiddLab sample SA000100B. This sample was collected by Profs. F. Okonofua and F. Oronsaye from Hausa living in Zaria, North Central Nigeria.

Number of Chromosomes: 42

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000100B

References:
- Publication pending


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hausa

Sample UID: SA003175Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of Hausa individuals. The study was carried out according to the Declaration of Helsinki (2000)of the World Medical Association. Informed consent was obtained from all individuals. Ethnicity was assigned based on the submission that parents and grandparents of the volunteers were of the same self-identified ethnic group. The DNA of these samples are stored in the AiBST Biobank of African Populations.

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Matimba A, Del-Favero J, Van Broeckhoven C, Masimirembwa C "Novel variants of major drug-metabolising enzyme genes in diverse African populations and their predicted functional effects". Hum Genomics. 3:169-90. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hausa

Sample UID: SA004684W

Sample Description:This sample consists of Hausa individuals from Nigeria. Written informed consent was obtained from all individuals. This sample is part of Caixia Li's group in Institute of Forensic Science, Beijing, China. It was provided by the Kenneth K. Kidd's laboratory to Caixia lab.

Number of Chromosomes: 76

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jiang L, Wei YL, Zhao L, Li N, Liu T, Liu HB, Ren LJ, Li JL, Hao HF, Li Q, Li CX. "Global analysis of population stratification using a smart panel of 27 continental ancestry-informative SNPs". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 35:e10-e12. (2018) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hausa

Sample UID: SA004149S

Sample Description:This sample consists of Hausa males from Cameroon. They are the immigrant population from Nigeria.

Number of Chromosomes: 36

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mulcare CA, Weale ME, Jones AL, Connell B, Zeitlyn D, Tarekegn A, Swallow DM, Bradman N, Thomas MG. "The T allele of a single-nucleotide polymorphism 13.9 kb upstream of the lactase gene (LCT) (C-13.9kbT) does not predict or cause the lactase-persistence phenotype in Africans". Am J Hum Genet. 74:1102-10. (2004) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hausa

Sample UID: SA004363Q

Sample Description:This sample is part of KiddLab Samples collection and is a subset of SA000100B.

Number of Chromosomes: 56

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000100B

References:
- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan