ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
VietnamesePO000110C

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  23.5N, 102E; 8.5N, 109E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Country Description Record    Ethnologue: Language Map Record    Ethnologue: Language Description Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is positioned on the eastern coast of the Indonesian Peninsula. The country is relatively homogenous; the ethnic Vietnamese (Viets) constitute approximately 90 percent of the population. The homeland of the ancestors of the Vietnamese people was in the Red River Valley (northern Vietnam) which is where one of the most densely populated parts of the countries currently is. The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese, a member of the Austro-Asiatic language family. The social structure of Vietnam was patterned after that of China's due to the fact that China ruled Vietnam until 1954. After the separation in 1954, the Communist government of North Vietnam changed the social structure. In the South the social structure essentially remained constant after the division. Following the civil war that North Vietnam won in 1975, the communists imposed the same social structure on the South as they had on the North in 1954. Due to changes in the market economy, the social structure has been changing since the mid-1980s. This has led to an emerging middle class in Vietnam.
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA000657S

Sample Description:This sample was collected from normal medical students in Houston, Texas who were born in Vietnam.

Number of Chromosomes: 24

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Milewicz DM, Byers PH, Reveille J, Hughes AL, Duvic M. "A dimorphic Alu Sb-like insertion in COL3A1 is ethnic-specific". J Mol Evol 42:117-23. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA000121E

Sample Description:Vietnamese

Number of Chromosomes: 18

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jorde LB, Bamshad MJ, Watkins WS, Zenger R, Fraley AE, Krakowiak PA, Carpenter KD, Soodyall H, Jenkins T, Rogers AR. "Origins and affinities of modern humans: a comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear genetic data.". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:523-538. (1995) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA001259R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Vietnamese living in the United States. Samples provided by hte Illinois State Police.

Number of Chromosomes: 430

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Budowle B, Shea B, Niezgoda S, Chakraborty R. "CODIS STR loci data from 41 sample populations". J Forensic Sci. 46:453-489. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA000835Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals (male and female) mainly from North Vietnam, Hanoi area.

Number of Chromosomes: 256

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Shimada I, Brinkmann B, Tuyen NQ, Hohoff C. "Allele frequency data for 16 STR loci in the Vietnamese population". Int J legal Med 116:246-248. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA001612K

Sample Description:This sample consists of Vietnamese from multiple regions of Vietnam.

Number of Chromosomes: 306

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Yoshiura KI et al. "A SNP in the ABCC11 gene is the determinant of human earwax type.". Nat Genet. 38:324-330. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA003476U

Sample Description:This sample consists of Vietnamese Americans from Houston, Texas.This sample was provided by John W Belmont. The subjects studied were all healthy and not first-degree relatives of each other based on self-reporting.

Number of Chromosomes: 16

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kosoy R, Nassir R, Tian C, White PA, Butler LM, Silva G, Kittles R, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Gregersen PK, Belmont JW, De La Vega FM, Seldin MF. "Ancestry informative marker sets for determining continental origin and admixture proportions in common populations in America". Hum Mutat 30:69-78. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese-Hu

Sample UID: SA002764T

Sample Description:This sample consists of Vietnamese individuals from Hu, Vietnam. This sample was collected by Dr.Hui Li.

Number of Chromosomes: 22

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Li H & Kidd KK "Low allele frequency of ADH1B*47His in West China and different ADH1B haplotypes in Western Asia from Eastern Asia". Am. J. Med. Genet. 84:92-94. (2009)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnam

Sample UID: SA002411I

Sample Description:This sample consists of Vietnamese from Hanoi, Vietnam.

Number of Chromosomes: 182

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Magierowska M, Lepage V, Boubnova L, Carcassi C, de Juan D, Djoulah S, El Chenawi F, Grunnet N, Hallé L, Ivanova R, Jungerman M, Naumova E, Petrany G, Sonnerborg A, Stavropoulos C, Thorsby E, Vu-Trieu A, Debré P, Theodorou I, Charron D "Distribution of the CCR5 gene 32 base pair deletion and SDF1-3'A variant in healthy individuals from different populations". Immunogenetics. 48:417-9. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnam

Sample UID: SA002574S

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated adult Vietnamese of both sexes, living in Paris.

Number of Chromosomes: 96

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Lucotte G, Mercier G "Frequency of the coreceptor CCR5 gene delta 32 mutation in different French regions". C R Acad Sci III. 321:409-13. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA003743R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Vietnamese individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 14

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jorde LB, Bamshad MJ, Watkins WS, Zenger R, Fraley AE, Krakowiak PA, Carpenter KD, Soodyall H, Jenkins T, Rogers AR. "Origins and affinities of modern humans: a comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear genetic data.". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:523-538. (1995) Online citation.

- Xing J, Watkins WS, Shlien A, Walker E, Huff CD, Witherspoon DJ, Zhang Y, Simonson TS, Weiss RB, Schiffman JD, Malkin D, Woodward SR, Jorde LB. "Toward a more uniform sampling of human genetic diversity: a survey of worldwide populations by high-density genotyping". Genomics 96:199-210. (2010) Online citation.

- Xing J, Watkins WS, Witherspoon DJ, Zhang Y, Guthery SL, Thara R, Mowry BJ, Bulayeva K, Weiss RB, Jorde LB. "Fine-scaled human genetic structure revealed by SNP microarrays". Genome Res. 19:815-25. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA004185S

Sample Description:This sample consists of blood samples that were collected from the individuals in rural areas of Hoa Hau and Liem Thuan in ha Nam Province located in the Red river delta, Vietnam.

Number of Chromosomes: 200

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Agusa T, Iwata H, Fujihara J, Kunito T, Takeshita H, Minh TB, Trang PT, Viet PH, Tanabe S. "Genetic polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferase (GST) superfamily and arsenic metabolism in residents of the Red River Delta, Vietnam". Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 242:352-62. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vitenamese

Sample UID: SA004527S

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Vietnamese individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 300

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Du W, Peng Z, Feng C, Zhu B, Wang B, Wang Y, Liu C1, Chen L "Forensic efficiency and genetic variation of 30 InDels in Vietnamese and Nigerian populations". Oncotarget 8:88934-88940. (2017) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA004214L

Sample Description:This sample consists of Vietnamese individuals from Germany.

Number of Chromosomes: 70

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Phillips C, Aradas AF, Kriegel AK, Fondevila M, Bulbul O, Santos C, Rech FS, Carceles MD, Carracedo A, Schneider PM, Lareu MV. "Eurasiaplex: A forensic SNP assay for differentiating European and South Asian ancestries". Forensic Sci Int Genet 7:359-66. (2013) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnamese

Sample UID: SA004056P

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals of self-declared Vietnamese ancestry, residents from Hanoi, Vietnam.

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Bulbul O, Filoglu G, Altuncul H, Aradas AF, Ruiz Y, Fondevila M, Phillips C, Carracedo A, Kriegel AK, Schneider PM "A SNP multiplex for the simulataneous prediction of biogeographic ancestry and pigmentaion type". Forensic science International:Genetics Supplement Series 3 e500-501. (2011)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Kinh in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (KHV)

Sample UID: SA004249T

Sample Description:This sample consists of blood samples collected from individuals living in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. All of the samples are from unrelated individuals who identified themselves as having four Kinh Vietnamese grandparents.

This sample is part of the 1000 genomes samples collections.

Number of Chromosomes: 202

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- 1000 genomes phase1 samples data Online citation.

- 1000genomes project samples page Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Vietnam

Sample UID: SA004420K

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals from Vietnam. This sample was obtained with informed written consent for scientific research. Institutional ethical approval documents were obtained and subjected to review by the European Commission.

Number of Chromosomes: 64

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eduardoff M, Gross TE, Santos C, de la Puente M, Ballard D, Strobl C, Børsting C, Morling N, Fusco L, Hussing C, Egyed B, Souto L, Uacyisrael J, Syndercombe Court D, Carracedo Á, Lareu MV, Schneider PM, Parson W, Phillips C; EUROFORGEN-NoE Consortium, Parson W, Phillips C "Inter-laboratory evaluation of the EUROFORGEN Global ancestry-informative SNP panel by massively parallel sequencing using the Ion PGM™". Forensic Sci Int Genet 23:178-89. (2016) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan