ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
GondPO000185ODravidian

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  25.5N, 72.5E; 13N, 84E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maria Gonds

Sample UID: SA000271K

Sample Description:Maria Gonds sample, collected from the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh.

Number of Chromosomes: 130

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mastana SS, Reddy PH, Das MK, Reddy P, Das K. "Molecular Genetic Diversity in 5 Populations of Madhya Pradesh, India". Hum. Biol. 72:499-510. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maria Gond

Sample UID: SA000573P

Sample Description:This sample was collected from individuals belonging to the Maria Gond tribe. They are a proto-Asian tribe of agriculturists and food gatherers from Madya Pradesh (central India).

Number of Chromosomes: 44

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Watkins WS, Bamshad M, Dixon ME, Bhaskara Rao B, Naidu JM, Reddy PG, Prasad BVR, Das PK, Reddy PC, Gai PB, Bhanu A, Kusuma YS, Lum JK, Fischer P, Jorde LB. "Multiple origins of the mtDNA 9-bp deletion in populations of South India". Am J Phys Anthropol 109:147-158. (1999) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Dheria Gond

Sample UID: SA001151I

Sample Description:This sample of Dheria Gond consists of individuals of central India who belongs to the Tribal community.They speak an Indo Aryan language chaattisgarhi and are known to be highly endomagous group.

Number of Chromosomes: 72

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Sarkar N, Kashyap VK. "Genetic diversity at two pentanucleotide STR and thirteen tetranucleotide STR loci by multiplex PCR in four predominant population groups of central India". Forensic Sci Int. 128:196-201. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Naikpod Gond

Sample UID: SA001581P

Sample Description:This sample consists of consenting healthy, unrelated Naikpod Gond individuals from Andhra Pradesh, India.

Number of Chromosomes: 208

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Bindu G, Trivedi R, Kashyap V. "Genotypic polymorphisms at seventeen autosomal short tandem repeat Loci in four tribal populations of Andhra Pradesh, India". J Forensic Sci. 50:978-983. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Maria Gond

Sample UID: SA001950P

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy unrelated Maria Gonds from central India. Maria Gond is a prominent tribal group of Madhya Pradesh and Maharasthra. They are widely distributed and practice endogamy. The live in minimum clothing an practice hunting and food gathering. The present Maria Gond samples were collected from the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh.

Number of Chromosomes: 298

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Singh PP, Singh M ,Mastana SS "APOE distribution in world populations with new data from India and the UK". Annals of Human Biology 33:279-308. (2006)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gond

Sample UID: SA002125K

Sample Description:This sample consists of apparently normal healthy volunteer Gond individuals from Madhya Pradesh, India. This sample was collected by Thangaraj K. All the subjects were apparently normal, healthy volunteers and no diagnosis of alcoholism or related disorders were performed. All participants provided written informed consent and the study was approved by the Institutional Ethical Review Committee of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad.

Number of Chromosomes: 98

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Bhaskar LV, Thangaraj K, Osier M, Reddy AG, Rao AP, Singh L, Rao VR "Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the ALDH2 gene in six Indian populations". Ann Hum Biol. 34:607-19.. (2007) Online citation.

- Rao VR, Bhaskar LV, Annapurna C, Reddy AG, Thangaraj K, Rao AP, Singh L "Single nucleotide polymorphisms in alcohol dehydrogenase genes among some Indian populations". Am J Hum Biol. 19:338-44. (2007) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gond

Sample UID: SA003489Y

Sample Description:This sample consists of Gond from Madhya-Pradesh, India.

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chaubey G, Metspalu M, Choi Y, Mägi R, Romero IG, Soares P, van Oven M, Behar DM, Rootsi S, Hudjashov G, Mallick CB, Karmin M, Nelis M, Parik J, Reddy AG, Metspalu E, van Driem G, Xue Y, Tyler-Smith C, Thangaraj K, Singh L, Remm M, Richards MB, Lahr MM, Kayser M, Villems R, Kivisild T. "Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-specific Admixture". Mol Biol Evol. (Epub ,ahead of print) (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gond

Sample UID: SA004493U

Sample Description:This sample consists of Gond individuals from Madhya Pradesh. This tribe belongs to the Dravidian linguistic family.

Number of Chromosomes: 44

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mishra A, Nizammuddin S, Mallick CB, Singh S, Prakash S, Siddiqui NA, Rai N, Carlus SJ, Sudhakar DV, Tripathi VP, Möls M, Kim-Howard X, Dewangan H, Mishra A, Reddy AG, Roy B, Pandey K, Chaubey G, Das P, Nath SK, Singh L, Thangaraj K "Genotype-Phenotype Study of the Middle Gangetic Plain in India Shows Association of rs2470102 with Skin Pigmentation.". J Invest Dermatol. 137:670-677. (2017) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gond

Sample UID: SA004496X

Sample Description:This sample consists of Gond individuals from Chhattisgarh. This tribe belongs to the Dravidian linguistic family. This sample consists of Paniya individuals from Kerala. This tribe belongs to the Dravidian linguistic family. This sample is part of the DNA bank of CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (Hyderabad). The Institutional Ethical Committee of Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (Hyderabad) approved the study, and prior permission was also obtained from local authorities.Informed written consent was obtained from each subject.

Number of Chromosomes: 70

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mishra A, Nizammuddin S, Mallick CB, Singh S, Prakash S, Siddiqui NA, Rai N, Carlus SJ, Sudhakar DV, Tripathi VP, Möls M, Kim-Howard X, Dewangan H, Mishra A, Reddy AG, Roy B, Pandey K, Chaubey G, Das P, Nath SK, Singh L, Thangaraj K "Genotype-Phenotype Study of the Middle Gangetic Plain in India Shows Association of rs2470102 with Skin Pigmentation.". J Invest Dermatol. 137:670-677. (2017) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gond

Sample UID: SA004489Z

Sample Description:This sample consists of Gond individuals from Jharkhand. This tribe belongs to the Dravidian linguistic family. This sample consists of Paniya individuals from Kerala. This tribe belongs to the Dravidian linguistic family. This sample is part of the DNA bank of CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (Hyderabad). The Institutional Ethical Committee of Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (Hyderabad) approved the study, and prior permission was also obtained from local authorities.Informed written consent was obtained from each subject.

Number of Chromosomes: 74

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mishra A, Nizammuddin S, Mallick CB, Singh S, Prakash S, Siddiqui NA, Rai N, Carlus SJ, Sudhakar DV, Tripathi VP, Möls M, Kim-Howard X, Dewangan H, Mishra A, Reddy AG, Roy B, Pandey K, Chaubey G, Das P, Nath SK, Singh L, Thangaraj K "Genotype-Phenotype Study of the Middle Gangetic Plain in India Shows Association of rs2470102 with Skin Pigmentation.". J Invest Dermatol. 137:670-677. (2017) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan