ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
Amerindians PO000264M

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  75N, 165W; 55S, 35W  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Brazillian Amerindians

Sample UID: SA000369S

Sample Description:The sample is pooled data from 5 Amerindian tribes from the Amazon region of Brazil: Zoe (n = 30), Awa-Guaja (n = 24), Urubu-Kaapor (n = 29), Xikrin of Bacaja (n = 29), and Katuena (n = 27).

Number of Chromosomes: 278

Relation to Other Samples: Pooled data from samples 364,365,366,367,368.

References:
- Vallinoto AC, Cayres-Vallinoto IM, Zago MA, Santos SE, Guerreiro JF. "D1S80 Polymorphismin Amerindians from the Amazon Region of Brazil". Hum. Biol. 70:507-516. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Colombian Amerindians

Sample UID: SA000371L

Sample Description:The Native American samples all come from tribal groups that live in Colombia, South America, and comprise unrelated healthy individuals from the Arsario, Kogul, Ijka, Wayuu, and Coreguaje

Number of Chromosomes: 328

Relation to Other Samples: Pooled data including samples 253,254,255,256, and 257.

References:
- Mitchell RJ, Federle L, Sofro AS, Papiha SS, Briceno I, Bernal JE. "Further data on the microsatellite locus D12S67 in worldwide populations: an unusual distribution of D12S67 alleles in Native Americans". Hum. Biol. 72:697-705. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Brazilian Amerindian

Sample UID: SA002536Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Brazilian Amerindians. This sample was collected as part of anthropological surveys of investigation of non-HIV related medical conditions.

Number of Chromosomes: 196

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Martinson JJ, Chapman NH, Rees DC, Liu YT, Clegg JB. "Global distribution of the CCR5 gene 32-basepair deletion". Nat Genet 16:100-103. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindians

Sample UID: SA000370K

Sample Description:Pooled Amerindian sample (Mapuche, Huilliche, Tehuelche, Mocovi, Chorote, Lengua, Ayoreo).

Number of Chromosomes: 590

Relation to Other Samples: Pooled data including samples 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266.

References:
- Tourret MN, Catanesi CI, Vidal-Rioja L. "Variability of the F13B Locus in South American Populations". Hum. Biol. 72:707-714. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Brazilian Amerindians

Sample UID: SA000418N

Sample Description:Ninety-five Indians (48 males and 47 females) from 5 tribes were studied: 17 Wayampi, 22 Wayana-Apalai, 21 Kayapo, 15 Arara, and 20 Yanomami. The five tribes are located in the Brazilian Amazon region. The subjects are apparently unrelated based on pedigree data.

Number of Chromosomes: 190

Relation to Other Samples: Pooled data from samples 413,414,415,416, and 417.

References:
- Franco RF, Araujo AG, Zago MA, Guerreiro JF, Figueiredo MS. "Factor IX gene haplotypes in Amerindians". Hum. Biol. 69:1- 9. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Bribri-Cabecar Amerindians

Sample UID: SA001290M

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated, healthy, volunteer Bribri-Cabecar Amerindian donors from Costa Rica.

Number of Chromosomes: 118

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Morales AI, Morera B, Jimenez-Arce G, Sanchez-Rivera G, Calafell F, Barrantes R. "Allele frequencies of markers LDLR, GYPA, D7S8, HBGG, GC, HLA-DQA1 and D1S80 in the general and minority populations of Costa Rica". Forensic Sci Int. 124:1-4. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindian, HGDP-CEPH

Sample UID: SA001513K

Sample Description:This sample from Colombia is part of the Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel collected by the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) and the Foundation Jean Dausset (CEPH). This sample consists of Piapoco and other Amerindians and was collected with proper informed consent.

Note : In many publications subset H952 of the HGDP panel (with first and second degree relatives excluded from the original set)/ H971 subset of the HGDP panel with only the first degree relatives excluded was typed and for this population that decreases the sample size from 13 to 7 individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 26

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, Zhivotovsky LA, Feldman MW. "Genetic structure of human populations". Science 298:2381-2385. (2002) Online citation.

- Rosenberg NA. "Standardized subsets of the HGDP-CEPH Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel, accounting for atypical and duplicated samples and pairs of close relatives.". Ann Hum Genet. 70:841-847. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Native American

Sample UID: SA001626P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Native Americans.

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Yoshiura KI et al. "A SNP in the ABCC11 gene is the determinant of human earwax type.". Nat Genet. 38:324-330. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindians

Sample UID: SA003542O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Amerindians derived from 2 different groups (Guarani and Tupinikin, Aracruz Indian Reserve, Espirito Santo State in the southeast Brazilian coast.

Number of Chromosomes: 366

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Santos PC, Soares RA, Santos DG, Nascimento RM, Coelho GL, Nicolau JC, Mill JG, Krieger JE, Pereira AC. "CYP2C19 and ABCB1 gene polymorphisms are differently distributed according to ethnicity in the Brazilian general population". BMC Med Genet 12:13. (2011) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindians, Colombia

Sample UID: SA002654R

Sample Description:This sample of Amerindians, Colombia are from 3 tribal groups: the Coreguaje, who inhabit the Amazon region and belong to the Macro-Tukano lingiustic group, and the Arsario and Kogui, who inhabit the region of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in the northeast , and belong to Macro-Chibcha linguisti family.

Number of Chromosomes: 54

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mitchell RJ, Howlett S, Earl L, White NG, McComb J, Schanfield MS, Briceno I, Papiha SS, Osipova L, Livshits G, Leonard WR, Crawford MH "Distribution of the 3' VNTR polymorphism in the human dopamine transporter gene in world populations". Hum Biol. 72:295-304.. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

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Sample Name: Native Americans, USA

Sample UID: SA002655S

Sample Description:This sample of Native Americans from the United States were mainly from Colorado and Arizona and included Na-Dene and Amerind speakers.

Number of Chromosomes: 38

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mitchell RJ, Howlett S, Earl L, White NG, McComb J, Schanfield MS, Briceno I, Papiha SS, Osipova L, Livshits G, Leonard WR, Crawford MH "Distribution of the 3' VNTR polymorphism in the human dopamine transporter gene in world populations". Hum Biol. 72:295-304.. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindians

Sample UID: SA003375S

Sample Description:This sample consists of seven tribes of Southwestern Oklahoma (Apache, Caddo, Comanche, Delaware, Fort Sill Apache, Kiowa, and Wichita).

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 3054

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- Kataoka S, Robbins DC, Cowan LD, Go O, Yeh JL, Devereux RB, Fabsitz RR, Lee ET, Welty TK, Howard BV. "Apolipoprotein E polymorphism in American Indians and its relation to plasma lipoproteins and diabetes. The Strong Heart Study". Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 16:918-25. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindians

Sample UID: SA003376T

Sample Description:This sample consists of Oglala and Cheyenne River Sioux in South Dakota and the Devil's Lake Sioux in the Fort Totten area of North Dakota.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 3028

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- Kataoka S, Robbins DC, Cowan LD, Go O, Yeh JL, Devereux RB, Fabsitz RR, Lee ET, Welty TK, Howard BV. "Apolipoprotein E polymorphism in American Indians and its relation to plasma lipoproteins and diabetes. The Strong Heart Study". Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 16:918-25. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindians

Sample UID: SA003377U

Sample Description:This sample consists of Pima/Maricopa/Papago Indians of central Arizona who live in the Gila River, Salt River, and Ak Chin communities.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 3000

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- Kataoka S, Robbins DC, Cowan LD, Go O, Yeh JL, Devereux RB, Fabsitz RR, Lee ET, Welty TK, Howard BV. "Apolipoprotein E polymorphism in American Indians and its relation to plasma lipoproteins and diabetes. The Strong Heart Study". Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 16:918-25. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Brazilian Amerindians

Sample UID: SA003173O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Brazilian Amerindians.

Number of Chromosomes: 78

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Schneider JA, Rees DC, Liu YT, Clegg JB. "Worldwide distribution of a common methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase mutation". Am J Hum Genet. 62:1258-60. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Amerindians

Sample UID: SA002414L

Sample Description:This sample consists of samples from the Amerindian tribes Arara, Awa-Guaja, Parakana, Tiriyo, Xikrin and Zoe collected between 1986 and 1996 in Para state, Brazil for protein and blood group studies. All subjects gave informed written consent for the study.

Number of Chromosomes: 198

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- De Pinho Lott Carvalhaes FA, Cardoso GL, Hamoy IG, Liu YT, Guerreiro JF "Distribution of CCR5-delta32, CCR2-64I, and SDF1-3'A mutations in populations from the Brazilian Amazon region". Hum Biol. 76:643-6. (2004) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan