ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
ArabsPO000278R

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  37.5N, 18W; 12N, 60E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arabs (Mauritania)

Sample UID: SA000390M

Sample Description:This sample consist of young adults living in sub-Saharan Africa, mainly males, for whom information on their parents' ethnic background has been obtained.

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Zekraoui L, Lagarde JP, Raisonnier A, Gerard N, Aouizerate A, Lucotte G. "High Frequency of the Apolipoprotein E*4 Allele in African Pygmies and Most of the African Populations in Sub-Saharan Africa". Hum. Biol. 69:575-81. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Dubaian Arabs

Sample UID: SA001090K

Sample Description:This Sample consists of unrelated Arabs living in Dubai.

Number of Chromosomes: 390

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Tahir MA, al Khayat AQ, al Shamali F, Budowle B, Novick GE. "Distribution of HLA-DQA1 alleles in Arab and Pakistani individuals from Dubai, United Arab Emirates". Forensic Sci Int. 85:219-23. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Dubaian Arabs

Sample UID: SA001113G

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Arabs from Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Number of Chromosomes: 360

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Alkhayat A, Alshamali F, Budowle B. "Population data on the PCR-based loci LDLR GYPA, HBGG, D7S8, Gc, HLA-DQA1, and D1S80 from Arabs from Dubai". Forensic Sci Int. 81:29-34. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Zriba

Sample UID: SA001235L

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals from the Arab population in Zriba, a village in central Tunisia.

Number of Chromosomes: 90

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Cherni L, Loueslati Yaacoubi B, Pereira L, Alves C, Khodjet El Kill H, Ben Ammar El Gaaied A, Amorim A. "Data for 15 autosomal STR markers (Powerplex 16 System) from two Tunisian populations: Kesra (Berber) and Zriba (Arab)". Forensic Sci Int. 147:101-106. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arab, Morocco

Sample UID: SA000994W

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated healthy individuals from the Arab Moroccan population.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chbel F, de Pancorbo MM, Martinez-Bouzas C, Azeddoug H, Alvarez-Alvarez M, Rodriguez-Tojo MJ, Nadifi S "Polymorphism of Six Alu Insertions in Morocco: Comparative Study between Arabs, Berbers, and Casablanca Residents". Russian Journal of Genetics 39:1184-1190. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Shuwa Arabs

Sample UID: SA002056N

Sample Description:This sample consists of Shuwa Arabs from Cameroon. Individuals are unrelated at the grandpaternal level and ethnic origin was self-declared.

Number of Chromosomes: 32

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Ingram CJ, Elamin MF, Mulcare CA, Weale ME, Tarekegn A, Raga TO, Bekele E, Elamin FM, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Swallow DM. "A novel polymorphism associated with lactose tolerance in Africa: multiple causes for lactase persistence?". Hum Genet. 120:779-788. (2007) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arab Israeli

Sample UID: SA001440J

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals from the Arab population within Israel.

Number of Chromosomes: 494

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Motro U, Oz C, Adelman R, Davidson A, Gast A, Hermon D, Shpitzen M, Zamir A, Freund M. "Allele frequencies of nine STR loci of Jewish and Arab populations in Israel". Int J Legal Med. 116:184-6.. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Northern Arab

Sample UID: SA001784U

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated northern Arabs (Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestinian Arabs) living in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Number of Chromosomes: 200

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Alshamali F, Alkhayat AQ, Budowle B, Watson ND. "STR population diversity in nine ethnic populations living in Dubai". Forensic Sci Int. 152:267-279. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arabs

Sample UID: SA003092O

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy Middle-Eastern Arab individuals. The mean age of the individuals were 37, and visiting the clinic at the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

Number of Chromosomes: 1250

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Abu-Amero KK, Wyngaard CA, Dzimiri N. "Prevalence and role of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677 C-->T and 1298 A-->C polymorphisms in coronary artery disease in Arabs". Arch Pathol Lab Med. 127:1349-52. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arabs

Sample UID: SA003108M

Sample Description:This sample consists of Arab Moroccan subjects.

Number of Chromosomes: 98

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Falchi A, Barsotelli M, Giovannoni L, Varesi L, Vona G "Prevalance of MTHFR gene polymorphisms among Meditarenean populations: a possible genetic selection from Malaria?". 554-556. (2006)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arabs

Sample UID: SA002417O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Arabs residing in Saudi Arabia.

Number of Chromosomes: 210

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Al-Sheikh IH, Rahi A, Al-Khalifa M "Mutant Chemokine Receptor (CCR-5) and Its Relevance to HIV Infecxtion in Arabs". Emerging Infectious Diseases 5:(1999)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arabs, Israel

Sample UID: SA003134L

Sample Description:This sample consists of Arabs from Israel. The blood sample were randomly collected from newborns and blood donors at Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem.

Number of Chromosomes: 436

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Pollak RD, Friedlander Y, Pollak A, Idelson M, Bejarano-AchacheI, Blumenfeld A "Ethnic differences in the frequency of the C677T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene in healthy Israeli populations". Genet Test. 4:309-11. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Urban Arabs

Sample UID: SA002041H

Sample Description:This sample consists of Israeli urban Arab individuals from Israel and the area of the Palestinian Authority. Individuals are unrelated at the grandpaternal level and ethnic origin was self-declared.

Number of Chromosomes: 162

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Ingram CJ, Elamin MF, Mulcare CA, Weale ME, Tarekegn A, Raga TO, Bekele E, Elamin FM, Thomas MG, Bradman N, Swallow DM. "A novel polymorphism associated with lactose tolerance in Africa: multiple causes for lactase persistence?". Hum Genet. 120:779-788. (2007) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Arabs from Norhtern Iraq

Sample UID: SA004641P

Sample Description:This sample consists of DNA of Arab Individuals from Northern Iraq. Majority of the individuals from this sample were from Bagdad, Mosul and Erbil,Iraq. This sample was collected by Mustafa Dogan (PhD supervisor is Serkan Dogan) at the International Burch University in Bosnia and Herzegovina. DNA isolations from the samples were carried out in Dr.Cemal Gurkan's Turkish Cypriot DNA Laboratory (TCDL), Committee on Missing Persons in Cyprus Turkish Cypriot Member Office, Nicosia, North Cyprus, Cyprus. The DNA for this sample was provided to Dr.Kenneth Kidd lab at Yale by Dr.Gurkan.

Number of Chromosomes: 260

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Unpublished Publication status unknown.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: UAE Arabs

Sample UID: SA004394U

Sample Description:The samples were collected in Abu Dhabi from Arab nationals.

Number of Chromosomes: 138

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Pakstis AJ, Kang L, Liu L, Zhang Z, Jin T, Grigorenko EL, Wendt FR, Budowle B, Hadi S, Al Qahtani MS, Morling N, Mogensen HS, Themudo GE, Soundararajan U, Rajeevan H, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Increasing the reference populations for the 55 AISNP panel: the need and benefits". Int J Legal Med. (2017) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan