ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
ChuvashPO000327MCHUVASHAltaic

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  56.5N, 46E; 54.5N, 48.5E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Description Record    UNPO-Chuvash: Description Record    Chuvash Republic-Review: Description Record    Chuvashia-Chuvash National Congress: Description Record    Ethnologue: Language Map Record    
References: See references
Population Description: 

The Chuvash live primarily in the Chuvash Republic, also referred to as Chuvahiia, and although the they are the majority in the Chuvash Republic, more then half of the members live outside the republic, in the surrounding areas. The Chuvash Republic is located in the center of the European part of Russia between the Sura and Sviyaga Rivers. The Chuvash ancestors are said to be from tribes of ancient Bulgars and Suvars that resided in the Northern Caucasus in the 5th-8th centuries. In the 7th-8th centuries one part of Bulgars left for the Balkans, where they dissolved among the Slavs. Another part moved to the middle Volga region, where later they formed the ethnic foundation of the Chuvash and Kazan Tatars.

The Chuvash language belongs to the Turkic group of languages and to the Altaic language family. Today, the majority of Chuvash practice Orthodox Christianity due to being forcibly Christianized by the Russian State in 1551. The Chuvash rely heavily on exporting their main agricultural products, hop and potatoes. They also have many natural resources available to them such as gypsum, phosphor, carbonates, and clay. These resources are used extensively in the construction industry for which the Chuvash are also dominant in the region.


References:
- Shnirelman VA. "Who Gets the Past? Competition for Ancestors among Non-Russian Intellectuals in Russia". Washington: The Woodrow Wilson Center Press (1996)



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA000491O

Sample Description:This Chuvash sample was collected in the southern Ural Mountains region of Russia. This sample was collected by E.L Grigorenko.

Number of Chromosomes: 84

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvashes

Sample UID: SA001901L

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chuvash from the rural Morganshevshi region of the Chuvashian Republic.

Number of Chromosomes: 158

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Limborska SA, Balanovsky OP, Balanovskaya EV, Slominsky PA, Schadrina MI, Livshits LA, Kravchenko SA, Pampuha VM, Khusnutdinova EK, Spitsyn VA. "Analysis of CCR5Delta32 geographic distribution and its correlation with some climatic and geographic factors". Hum Hered. 53:49-54. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA001433L

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chuvash. Linguistically the Chuvash belong to Turkic branch of the Altaian language family.

Number of Chromosomes: 92

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kutuev IA, Fatkhlislamova RI, Khidiyatova IM, Khusnutdinova EK. "Analysis of Polymorphisms of the Huntington Disease Gene in Ethnic Populations of the VolgażUral Region". Mol Biol 37:818-826. (2003)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA001808R

Sample Description:This Chuvash sample was collected in the southern Ural Mountains region of Russia. This sample was collected by E.L Grigorenko.

This sample is a subset of SA000491O.

Number of Chromosomes: 48

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000491O

References:
- Verdu P, Barreiro LB, Patin E, Gessain A, Cassar O, Kidd JR, Kidd KK, Behar DM, Froment A, Heyer E, Sica L, Casanova J-L, Abel L, Quintana-Murci L. "Evolutionary Insights into the High Worldwide Prevalence of MBL2 Deficiency Alleles". Hum Mol Genet. 15:2650-2658. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvashes

Sample UID: SA003785X

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chuvashes from Chuvash Republic. Blood samples were collected during expeditions in 2000-2008. The ethnic origin was defined by direct interview.

Number of Chromosomes: 200

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Dzhemileva LU, Barashkov NA, Posukh OL, Khusainova RI, Akhmetova VL, Kutuev IA, Gilyazova IR, Tadinova VN, Fedorova SA, Khidiyatova IM, Lobov SL, Khusnutdinova EK. "Carrier frequency of GJB2 gene mutations c.35delG, c.235delC and c.167delT among the populations of Eurasia". J Hum Genet. 55:749-54. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA003969B

Sample Description:This sample is the subset of the Kidd Lab Chuvash sample.This Chuvash sample was collected in the southern Ural Mountains region of Russia. This sample was collected by E.L Grigorenko.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of Sample SA000491O

References:
- Publication pending


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA002652P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chuvash individuals from villages located near the towns of Ceboksary and Zel'onodol'sk approximately 600km east of Moscow.

Number of Chromosomes: 66

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mitchell RJ, Howlett S, Earl L, White NG, McComb J, Schanfield MS, Briceno I, Papiha SS, Osipova L, Livshits G, Leonard WR, Crawford MH "Distribution of the 3' VNTR polymorphism in the human dopamine transporter gene in world populations". Hum Biol. 72:295-304.. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvashes

Sample UID: SA002690R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chuvashes. Chuvash from the Volga-Ural region belong to the Turkic branch of the Altaic lingiustic family.

Number of Chromosomes: 112

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Galeeva AR, Iur'ev EB, Khusnutdinova EK "Polymorphism of the dopamine transporter gene in populations of the Volga-Ural region". Genetika. 37:1018-20. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Kanash

Sample UID: SA002677W

Sample Description:This sample of Lowland Chuvash was collected from residents of Taburdanovskii village, Tatmashskii village and Shikhazany district center. This sample was collected by researchers of the Laboratory of Ecological Genetics, Research Center of Medical Genetics, Russian academy of Medical Sciences (O.I Kravchuk, G.V.Pai, and S.V.Makarov) in 1998 and 1999.

Number of Chromosomes: 216

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Khusnutdinova EK, Viktorova TV, Akhmetova VL, Mustafina OE, Fatkhlislamova RI, Balanovskaia EV, Petrova NV, Makarov SV, Kravchuk OI, Paĭ GV, Ginter EK. "Population-genetic structure of Chuvashia (from data on eight DNA loci in the nuclear genome". Genetika. 39:1550-63. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Cheboksarsk

Sample UID: SA002678X

Sample Description:This sample of highland Chuvash was collected from residents of Kugesskii and Ishleiskii villages. This sample was collected by researchers of the Laboratory of Ecological Genetics, Research Center of Medical Genetics, Russian academy of Medical Sciences (O.I Kravchuk, G.V.Pai, and S.V.Makarov) in 1998 and 1999.

Number of Chromosomes: 190

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Khusnutdinova EK, Viktorova TV, Akhmetova VL, Mustafina OE, Fatkhlislamova RI, Balanovskaia EV, Petrova NV, Makarov SV, Kravchuk OI, Paĭ GV, Ginter EK. "Population-genetic structure of Chuvashia (from data on eight DNA loci in the nuclear genome". Genetika. 39:1550-63. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Morgaush

Sample UID: SA002679Y

Sample Description:This sample of highland Chuvash was collected from residents of Morgaush and Yus'kaskii soviets. This sample was collected by researchers of the Laboratory of Ecological Genetics, Research Center of Medical Genetics, Russian academy of Medical Sciences (O.I Kravchuk, G.V.Pai, and S.V.Makarov) in 1998 and 1999.

Number of Chromosomes: 164

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Khusnutdinova EK, Viktorova TV, Akhmetova VL, Mustafina OE, Fatkhlislamova RI, Balanovskaia EV, Petrova NV, Makarov SV, Kravchuk OI, Paĭ GV, Ginter EK. "Population-genetic structure of Chuvashia (from data on eight DNA loci in the nuclear genome". Genetika. 39:1550-63. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Marposad

Sample UID: SA002680Q

Sample Description:This sample of mid-lowland Chuvash was collected from residents of Mariinskii Posad and Sutchevskii villages. This sample was collected by researchers of the Laboratory of Ecological Genetics, Research Center of Medical Genetics, Russian academy of Medical Sciences (O.I Kravchuk, G.V.Pai, and S.V.Makarov) in 1998 and 1999.

Number of Chromosomes: 94

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Khusnutdinova EK, Viktorova TV, Akhmetova VL, Mustafina OE, Fatkhlislamova RI, Balanovskaia EV, Petrova NV, Makarov SV, Kravchuk OI, Paĭ GV, Ginter EK. "Population-genetic structure of Chuvashia (from data on eight DNA loci in the nuclear genome". Genetika. 39:1550-63. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA004600K

Sample Description:This sample consists of Western Turkic speaking Chuvash individuals. To limit influence of admixture this sample included villagers who reportedly were settled in the sample place for at least three generations (up to grandparents) .This sample is part of the "core" data set that were genotyped for this study.

Number of Chromosomes: 56

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Triska P, Chekanov N, Stepanov V, Khusnutdinova EK, Kumar GPA, Akhmetova V, Babalyan K, Boulygina E, Kharkov V, Gubina M, Khidiyatova , Khitrinskaya , Khrameeva EE, Khusainova R, Konovalova N, Litvinov S, Marusin A, Mazur AM, Puzyrev V, Ivanoshchuk D, Spiridonova M, Teslyuk A, Tsygankova S, Triska M, Trofimova N, Vajda E, Balanovsky O, Baranova A, Skryabin K, Tatarinova TV, Prokhortchouk E "Between Lake Baikal and the Baltic Sea: genomic history of the gateway to Europe". BMC Genet 18:(2017) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA004695Y

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chuvash individuals in Northern Europe. Written informed consent was obtained from all individuals. This sample is part of Caixia Li's group in Institute of Forensic Science, Beijing, China. It was provided by the Kenneth K. Kidd's laboratory to Caixia lab.

Number of Chromosomes: 76

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jiang L, Wei YL, Zhao L, Li N, Liu T, Liu HB, Ren LJ, Li JL, Hao HF, Li Q, Li CX. "Global analysis of population stratification using a smart panel of 27 continental ancestry-informative SNPs". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 35:e10-e12. (2018) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chuvash

Sample UID: SA004374S

Sample Description:This sample is part of Kidd Lab sample collection and is subset of sample SA000491O.

Number of Chromosomes: 82

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000491O

References:
- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan