ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
SwissPO000334K

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  47.75N, 6E; 45.75N, 10.5E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swiss

Sample UID: SA000885V

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals from the Lausanne, Fribourg and Sion area (Southwest Switzerland).

Number of Chromosomes: 410

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Dimo-Simonin N, Grange F, Brandt-Casadevall C. "F13B and CD4 allele frequencies in south west Switzerland". Int J Legal Med 110:109. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swiss

Sample UID: SA000699Y

Sample Description:This Swiss sample was collected in Switzerland.

Number of Chromosomes: 142

Relation to Other Samples: Superset of sample SA000502H

References:
- Batzer MA, Arcot SS, Phinney JW, Alegria-Hartman M, Kass DH, Milligan SM, Kimpton C, Gill P, Hochmeister M, Ioannou PA, Herrera RJ, Boudreau DA, Scheer WD, Keats BJB, Deininger PL, Stoneking M. "Genetic variation of recent Alu Insertions in human populations". J Mol Evol 42:22-29. (1996) Online citation.

- Romualdi C, Balding D, Nasidze IS, Risch G, Robichaux M, Sherry ST, Stoneking M, Batzer MA, Barbujani G. "Patterns of human diversity, within and among continents, inferred from Biallilic DNA polymorphisms". Genome Res 12:602-612. (2002) Online citation.

- Stoneking M, Fontius JJ, Clifford SL, Soodyall H, Arcot SS, Saha N, Jenkins T, Tahir MA, Deininger PL, Batzer MA. "Alu insertion polymorphisms and human evolution: evidence for a larger population size in Africa ". Genome Res 7:1061-71. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swiss

Sample UID: SA000502H

Sample Description:This Swiss sample was collected in Switzerland.

Number of Chromosomes: 86

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Batzer MA, Arcot SS, Phinney JW, Alegria-Hartman M, Kass DH, Milligan SM, Kimpton C, Gill P, Hochmeister M, Ioannou PA, Herrera RJ, Boudreau DA, Scheer WD, Keats BJB, Deininger PL, Stoneking M. "Genetic variation of recent Alu Insertions in human populations". J Mol Evol 42:22-29. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swiss

Sample UID: SA000552M

Sample Description:This Swiss sample was collected in Switzerland.

Number of Chromosomes: 142

Relation to Other Samples: Superset of sample SA000502H

References:
- Batzer MA, Arcot SS, Phinney JW, Alegria-Hartman M, Kass DH, Milligan SM, Kimpton C, Gill P, Hochmeister M, Ioannou PA, Herrera RJ, Boudreau DA, Scheer WD, Keats BJB, Deininger PL, Stoneking M. "Genetic variation of recent Alu Insertions in human populations". J Mol Evol 42:22-29. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swiss

Sample UID: SA000598W

Sample Description:This Swiss sample was collected in Switzerland.

Number of Chromosomes: 142

Relation to Other Samples: Superset of sample SA000502H

References:
- Batzer MA, Arcot SS, Phinney JW, Alegria-Hartman M, Kass DH, Milligan SM, Kimpton C, Gill P, Hochmeister M, Ioannou PA, Herrera RJ, Boudreau DA, Scheer WD, Keats BJB, Deininger PL, Stoneking M. "Genetic variation of recent Alu Insertions in human populations". J Mol Evol 42:22-29. (1996) Online citation.

- Stoneking M, Fontius JJ, Clifford SL, Soodyall H, Arcot SS, Saha N, Jenkins T, Tahir MA, Deininger PL, Batzer MA. "Alu insertion polymorphisms and human evolution: evidence for a larger population size in Africa ". Genome Res 7:1061-71. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swiss, Caucasian

Sample UID: SA001060H

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Swiss caucasian donors that were provided by the Swiss Red Cross (Basel, Switzerland) and from disputed cases of paternity.

Number of Chromosomes: 412

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Gehrig C, Hochmeister M, Borer UV, Dirnhofer R, Budowle B. "Swiss Caucasian population data for 13 STR loci using AmpFISTR profiler plus and cofiler PCR amplification kits". J Forensic Sci. 44:1035-1038. (1999) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swiss Caucasians

Sample UID: SA001140G

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Swiss Caucasians.

Number of Chromosomes: 400

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Gehrig C, Hochmeister MN, Budowle B, Reynolds R, Dirnhofer R "HLA-DQA1 subtyping data in the Swiss population". Forensic Sci Int. 83:27-30. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berne

Sample UID: SA002463P

Sample Description:This consists of unrelated individuals from Berne, Switzerland.

Number of Chromosomes: 128

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Lucotte G, Mercier G. "Distribution of the CCR5 gene 32-bp deletion in Europe". J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 19:174-7. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Geneva

Sample UID: SA003351M

Sample Description:This sample consists of Swiss individuals.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 3776

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Bernstein MS, Costanza MC, Morabia A. "Physical activity of urban adults: a general population survey in Geneva". Soz Praventivmed. 46:49-59. (2001) Online citation.

- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Zurich

Sample UID: SA004177T

Sample Description:This sample consists of volunteers from Zurich, Switzerland. Informed consent was obtained from all individuals and ethical approval was granted from the ethics committee of clinical investigation in Galicia, Spain.

Number of Chromosomes: 34

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Ruiz Y, Phillips C, Gomez-Tato A, Alvarez-Dios J, Casares de Cal M, Cruz R, Maro˝as O, S÷chtig J, Fondevila M, Rodriguez-Cid MJ, Carracedo A, Lareu MV. "Further development of forensic eye color predictive tests". Forensic Sci Int Genet. (Epub,ahead of print) 7:28-40. (2013) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan