ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
TaiwanesePO000356O

Synonyms: Minnan ; Hokkien ;
Geographic Location1:  25.5N, 120E; 21.75N, 122E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA000773R

Sample Description:This sample was collected randomly from a Taiwanese population. This sample includes 156 males and 130 females between the ages of 20 and 84 years.

Number of Chromosomes: 572

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Wu JH, Lo SK, Wen MS, Kao JT. "Characterization of apolipoprotein E genetic variations in Taiwanese: association with coronary heart disease and plasma lipid levels". Hum Biol. 74:25-31.. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwan

Sample UID: SA000536O

Sample Description:This sample consists of four aboriginal groups (Ami, Atayal, Bunum, and Paiwan).

Number of Chromosomes: 92

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Melton T, Peterson R, Redd AJ, Saha N, Sofro ASM, Martinson J, Stoneking M. "Polynesian genetic affinities with southeast Asian populations as identified by mtDNA analysis". Am J Hum Genet 57:403-414. (1995) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA002071K

Sample Description:This sample consists of Taiwanese individuals obtained from the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital.

Number of Chromosomes: 196

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Tseng YM, Hu BW, Tsai SM, Chen IJ, Jin YR, Lee JH, Huang FD, Wu SH, Yeh FL, Tsai LY. "Distribution of alcohol-metabolizing enzyme genotypes in trauma patients with excessive alcohol consumption in the emergency department". Clin Biochem. 40:370-6. (2007) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Minnan Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA001413J

Sample Description:This sample consists of halthey unrelated Minnan Taiwanese.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Yu LC, Chu CC, Chan YS, Chang CY, Twu YC, Lee HL, Lin M. "Polymorphism and distribution of the Secretor alpha(1,2)-fucosyltransferase gene in various Taiwanese populations". Transfusion 41:1279-1284. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA003921P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Taiwanese individuals from unrelated maternity patients at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital.

Number of Chromosomes: 240

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Stephens EA, Taylor JA, Kaplan N, Yang CH, Hsieh LL, Lucier GW, Bell DA. "Ethnic variation in the CYP2E1 gene: polymorphism analysis of 695 African-Americans, European-Americans and Taiwanese". Pharmacogenetics. 4:185-92. (1994) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwan

Sample UID: SA003915S

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy controls who were part of a epidemiological study conducted in Taipei,Taiwan.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Hildesheim A, Anderson LM, Chen CJ, Cheng YJ, Brinton LA, Daly AK, Reed CD, Chen IH, Caporaso NE, Hsu MM, Chen JY, Idle JR, Hoover RN, Yang CS, Chhabra SK. "CYP2E1 genetic polymorphisms and risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Taiwan". J Natl Cancer Inst. 89:1207-12. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA002005H

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals of unknown specific ethnicity from Taiwan.

Number of Chromosomes: 86

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Sánchez JJ, Phillips C, Borsting C, Balogh K, Bogus M, Fondevila M, Harrison CD, Musgrave-Brown E, Salas A, Syndercombe-Court D, Schneider PM, Carracedo A, Morling N. "A multiplex assay with 52 single nucleotide polymorphisms for human identification". Electrophoresis. 27:1713-1724. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA003144M

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy Taiwanese volunteers. Written informed consent were obtained. The study protocol was approved by the institutional review board, conforms to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki.

Number of Chromosomes: 184

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Tsai TF, Yang CH, Chu CY, Liou YH, Hsiao WC, Lin CT, Wu LS "Polymorphisms of MTHFR gene associated with livedoid vasculopathy in Taiwanese population". J Dermatol Sci. 54:214-6. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA002177R

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated, healthy individuals of both Chinese and aboriginal ancestry from southern Taiwan.

Number of Chromosomes: 374

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Li C, Yan YP, Shieh B, Lee CM, Lin RY, Chen YM "Frequency of the CCR5 delta 32 mutant allele in HIV-1-positive patients, female sex workers, and a normal population in Taiwan". J Formos Med Assoc. 96:979-84.. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA002664S

Sample Description:This sample of control volunteers were selected by cluster sampling from the community of Chushang Jenn, Nantou, Taiwan. These volunteers were all unrelated and received detailed interviews which consisted of a personal health history and family history of Parkinson's disease. Participants who had either aborigine ancestry or a positive family history of PD were excluded. Informed consent was obtained according to a protocol approved by the Human Subjects Research Ethics Committee of both Chushang Show-Chwan Hospital and Chung-Shan Hospital.

Number of Chromosomes: 508

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Lin JJ, Yueh KC, Chang DC, Chang CY, Yeh YH, Lin SZ. "The homozygote 10-copy genotype of variable number tandem repeat dopamine transporter gene may confer protection against Parkinson's disease for male, but not to female patients". J Neurol Sci. 209:87-92. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwan

Sample UID: SA002525O

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals from Taiwan. This sample was collected as part of anthropological surveys of investigation of non-HIV related medical conditions.

Number of Chromosomes: 166

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Martinson JJ, Chapman NH, Rees DC, Liu YT, Clegg JB. "Global distribution of the CCR5 gene 32-basepair deletion". Nat Genet 16:100-103. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA002390O

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy aborigines from eastern Taiwan.

Number of Chromosomes: 2866

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Cherng, J.-M, Wang, J.-H, Hsu, W.-L, Yang, K, Lin, H.-Y , Wang, C, Lin, C.-M, Wang, L.-S. "Absence of CCR5-Δ32 mutation in healthy and HIV-1-infected aborigines in eastern Taiwan". Tzu Chi Medical Journal 14:353-357. (2002)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA004026M

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals from Taiwan (Mixture of 5 populations).

Number of Chromosomes: 140

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Mead S, Stumpf MP, Whitfield J, Beck JA, Poulter M, Campbell T, Uphill JB, Goldstein D, Alpers M, Fisher EM, Collinge J. "Balancing selection at the prion protein gene consistent with prehistoric kurulike epidemics". Science. 300:640-3. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Aboriginal Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA004508R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Aboriginal Taiwanese individuals obtained by obtained by George Washington University (GWU). Written informed consent was obtained from donors regarding the use of samples and the samples were anonymised at the point of collection.

Number of Chromosomes: 42

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Santos C, Phillips C, Fondevila M, Daniel R, van Oorschot RAH, Burchard EG, Schanfield MS, Souto L, Uacyisrael J, Via M, Carracedo Á, Lareu MV "Pacifiplex: an ancestry-informative SNP panel centred on Australia and the Pacific region". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 20:71-80. (2016) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA004229R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Taiwanese individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 252

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Pepinski W, Abreu-Glowacka M, Koralewska-Kordel M, Michalak E, Kordel K, Niemcunowicz-Janica A, Szeremeta M, Konarzewska M. "Population genetics of 30 INDELs in populations of Poland and Taiwan". Mol Biol Rep. 40:4333-8. (2013) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Taiwanese

Sample UID: SA004621N

Sample Description:This sample consists of Taiwanese individuals. All DNAs used were long-standing anonymized population samples, labeled by population of origin only.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Pereira R, Phillips C, Alves C, Amorim A, Carracedo A, Gusmão L. "A new multiplex for human identification using insertion/deletion polymorphisms". Electrophoresis 30:3682-90. (2009) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan