ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
SantalPO000365OMunda/Austroasiatic

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  22.5N, 81.5E; 17.5N, 87.5E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: 

Tribal population in eastern India.

Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Santal

Sample UID: SA000575R

Sample Description:This sample was collected from individuals belonging to the Santal tribe. They are a proto-Australoid, Mundari-speaking tribe of food-gatherers from Orissa (eastern India).

Number of Chromosomes: 32

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Watkins WS, Bamshad M, Dixon ME, Bhaskara Rao B, Naidu JM, Reddy PG, Prasad BVR, Das PK, Reddy PC, Gai PB, Bhanu A, Kusuma YS, Lum JK, Fischer P, Jorde LB. "Multiple origins of the mtDNA 9-bp deletion in populations of South India". Am J Phys Anthropol 109:147-158. (1999) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Santal

Sample UID: SA000589W

Sample Description:This sample was collected from unrelated individuals in Medinipur in West Bengal (northeastern India). The Santal are a tribal population. They speak an Austro-Asiatic language. The Santal are numerically large and have a wide geographic distribution. There are claims of a relationship to Mundas in folklore.

Number of Chromosomes: 48

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Majumder PP, Roy B, Banerjee S, Chakraborty M, Dey B, Mukherjee N, Roy M, Thakurta PG, Sil SK. "Human-specific insertion/deletion polymorphisms in Indian populations and their possible evolutionary implications ". Eur J Hum Genet 7:435-46. (1999) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Santal

Sample UID: SA001747T

Sample Description:This sample consists of randomly collected, unrelated Santal from Chotanagpur Plateau of Eastern India.

Number of Chromosomes: 122

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Banerjee J, Trivedi R, Kashyap VK. "Polymorphism at 15 short tandem repeat AmpFlSTR Identifiler loci in three aboriginal populations of India: an assessment in human identification". J Forensic Sci. 50:1229-1234. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Santal

Sample UID: SA002303I

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Santal individuals, a tribal population from East India. Ethnicity was confirmed by the participants and the individuals were unrelated at least to the second cousin level.

Number of Chromosomes: 40

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Majumder PP, Dey B "Absence of the HIV-1 protective Delta ccr5 allele in most ethnic populations of India". Eur J Hum Genet. 9:794-6. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Santhal

Sample UID: SA003801M

Sample Description:This sample consists of Santhal individuals from Gumla district, Jharkhand, India.Santhal is a tribe with Austro-Asiatic language affliation.

Number of Chromosomes: 28

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Gallego Romero I, Basu Mallick C, Liebert A, Crivellaro F, Chaubey G, Itan Y, Metspalu M, Eaaswarkhanth M, Pitchappan R, Villems R, Reich D, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Thomas MG, Swallow DM, Mirazón Lahr M, Kivisild T. "Herders of Indian and European Cattle Share Their Predominant Allele for Lactase Persistence". Mol Biol Evol 29:249-260. (2012) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Santhal

Sample UID: SA003487W

Sample Description:This sample consists of Santhals from Jharkhand, India.

Number of Chromosomes: 38

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chaubey G, Metspalu M, Choi Y, Mägi R, Romero IG, Soares P, van Oven M, Behar DM, Rootsi S, Hudjashov G, Mallick CB, Karmin M, Nelis M, Parik J, Reddy AG, Metspalu E, van Driem G, Xue Y, Tyler-Smith C, Thangaraj K, Singh L, Remm M, Richards MB, Lahr MM, Kayser M, Villems R, Kivisild T. "Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-specific Admixture". Mol Biol Evol. (Epub ,ahead of print) (2010) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan