ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
ChamarPO000370KIndo-European

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  35N, 68E; 8N, 97E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: 

Hindu caste

Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chamar

Sample UID: SA000582P

Sample Description:This sample was collected from unrelated individuals in Garhwal of the Uttar Pradesh in northern India. The Chamar belong to the Hindu Low caste. They speak an Indo-European language and are primarily leather workers.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Majumder PP, Roy B, Banerjee S, Chakraborty M, Dey B, Mukherjee N, Roy M, Thakurta PG, Sil SK. "Human-specific insertion/deletion polymorphisms in Indian populations and their possible evolutionary implications ". Eur J Hum Genet 7:435-46. (1999) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Satnami (Chamar)

Sample UID: SA001152J

Sample Description:This sample of Satnami (Chamar) consists of individuals of central India who belongs to the Caste community.They speak an Indo Aryan language chaattisgarhi and are known to be highly endomagous group.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Sarkar N, Kashyap VK. "Genetic diversity at two pentanucleotide STR and thirteen tetranucleotide STR loci by multiplex PCR in four predominant population groups of central India". Forensic Sci Int. 128:196-201. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chamar

Sample UID: SA003813P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chamar individuals from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Number of Chromosomes: 20

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Gallego Romero I, Basu Mallick C, Liebert A, Crivellaro F, Chaubey G, Itan Y, Metspalu M, Eaaswarkhanth M, Pitchappan R, Villems R, Reich D, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Thomas MG, Swallow DM, Mirazón Lahr M, Kivisild T. "Herders of Indian and European Cattle Share Their Predominant Allele for Lactase Persistence". Mol Biol Evol 29:249-260. (2012) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chamar

Sample UID: SA002290N

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Chamar individuals, a caste from North India. Ethnicity was confirmed by the participants and the individuals were unrelated at least to the second cousin level.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Majumder PP, Dey B "Absence of the HIV-1 protective Delta ccr5 allele in most ethnic populations of India". Eur J Hum Genet. 9:794-6. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chamar

Sample UID: SA003502K

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chamar from Uttar-Pradesh, India.

Number of Chromosomes: 20

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chaubey G, Metspalu M, Choi Y, Mägi R, Romero IG, Soares P, van Oven M, Behar DM, Rootsi S, Hudjashov G, Mallick CB, Karmin M, Nelis M, Parik J, Reddy AG, Metspalu E, van Driem G, Xue Y, Tyler-Smith C, Thangaraj K, Singh L, Remm M, Richards MB, Lahr MM, Kayser M, Villems R, Kivisild T. "Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-specific Admixture". Mol Biol Evol. (Epub ,ahead of print) (2010) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan