ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
SwedesPO000413I

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  69N, 11E; 55.25N, 24.25E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA000726P

Sample Description:This sample consists of randomly selected, healthy male residents of Stockholm County, Sweden.

Number of Chromosomes: 190

Relation to Other Samples: Superset of SA000729S and SA000730K

References:
- Dunning AM, Renges HH, Xu CF, Peacock R, Brasseur R, Laxer G, Tikkanen MJ, Butler R, Saha N, Hamsten A, et al. "Two amino acid substitutions in apolipoprotein B are in complete allelic association with the antigen group (x/y) polymorphism: evidence for little recombination in the 3' end of the human gene". Am J Hum Genet. 50:208-21. . (1992) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA000729S

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated, healthy males from Stockholm County, Sweden.

Number of Chromosomes: 180

Relation to Other Samples: Subsample of SA000726P

References:
- Dunning AM, Renges HH, Hamsten A, Talmud P, Humphries S. "A postulated phylogenetic tree for the human apolipoprotein B gene: unpredicted haplotypes are associated with elevated apo B levels". Biochim Biophys Acta. 1165:271-8.. (1993) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA000730K

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy, unrelated male residents of Stockholm County, Sweden. All individuals were of Swedish origin.

Number of Chromosomes: 182

Relation to Other Samples: Subsample of SA000726P

References:
- Peacock R, Dunning A, Hamsten A, Tornvall P, Humphries S, Talmud P. "Apolipoprotein B gene polymorphisms, lipoproteins and coronary atherosclerosis: a study of young myocardial infarction survivors and healthy population-based individuals". Atherosclerosis 92:151-64. (1992) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Goteborg

Sample UID: SA001038M

Sample Description:This sample consists of randomly selected 51-year-old men living in Goteborg, Sweden. Subjects where recruited from the National Population Registry (Goteborg, Sweden) in 1992. All men gave written informed consent before participating in the study.

Number of Chromosomes: 526

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Rosmond R, Rankinen T, Chagnon M, Perusse L, Chagnon YC, Bouchard C, Bjorntorp P. "Polymorphism in exon 6 of the dopamine D(2) receptor gene (DRD2) is associated with elevated blood pressure and personality disorders in men". J Hum Hypertens. 15:553-558. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedes

Sample UID: SA001860P

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals from Umea, Sweden.

Number of Chromosomes: 408

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Libert F, Cochaux P, Beckman G, Samson M, Aksenova M, Cao A, Czeizel A, Claustres M, de la Rua C, Ferrari M, Ferrec C, Glover G, Grinde B, Guran S, Kucinskas V, Lavinha J, Mercier B, Ogur G, Peltonen L, Rosatelli C, Schwartz M, Spitsyn V, Timar L, Beckman L, Parmentier M, Vassart G "The deltaccr5 mutation conferring protection against HIV-1 in Caucasian populations has a single and recent origin in Northeastern Europe". Hum Mol Genet. 7:399-406.. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swede

Sample UID: SA002102F

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated male and female Swedes from Sweden.

Number of Chromosomes: 180

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Goedde HW, Agarwal DP, Fritze G, Meier-Tackmann D, Singh S, Beckmann G, Bhatia K, Chen LZ, Fang B, Lisker R "Distribution of ADH2 and ALDH2 genotypes in different populations". Hum Genet. 88:344-6. (1992) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Stockholm

Sample UID: SA002096R

Sample Description:This sample consists of men and women from Stockholm, Sweden.

Number of Chromosomes: 176

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Borras E, Coutelle C, Rosell A, Fernandez-Muixi F, Broch M, Crosas B, Hjelmqvist L, Lorenzo A, Gutierrez C, Santos M, Szczepanek M, Heilig M, Quattrocchi P, Farres J, Vidal F, Richart C, Mach T, Bogdal J, Jornvall H, Seitz HK, Couzigou P, Pares X "Genetic polymorphism of alcohol dehydrogenase in europeans: the ADH2*2 allele decreases the risk for alcoholism and is associated with ADH3*1". Hepatology. 31:984-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA003445Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals with Swedish names.

Number of Chromosomes: 156

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Montelius K, Tillmar A, Kumlin J,Lindblom B "Swedish population data on the SNPforID consortium autosomal SNP-multiplex ". Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series 2:344-346. (2009)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedes

Sample UID: SA003849Y

Sample Description:This sample consists of Swedish active senior citizens.

Number of Chromosomes: 778

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Nilsson TK, Laanpere M, Altmäe S, Serra-Majem L, Salumets A. "A folate receptor alpha double-mutated haplotype 1816delC-1841A is distributed throughout Eurasia and associated with lower erythrocyte folate levels". Mol Biol Rep (2011) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA003918V

Sample Description:This sample consists of Swedish healthy controls.

Number of Chromosomes: 352

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Persson I, Johansson I, Bergling H, Dahl ML, Seidegård J, Rylander R, Rannug A, Högberg J, Sundberg MI. "Genetic polymorphism of cytochrome P4502E1 in a Swedish population. Relationship to incidence of lung cancer". FEBS Lett. 319:207-11. (1993) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedes

Sample UID: SA003943T

Sample Description:This sample consists of subjects visiting hospital and care centers in Gothenburg and Stockholm.

Number of Chromosomes: 544

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Shahabi HN, Westberg L, Melke J, Håkansson A, Belin AC, Sydow O, Olson L, Holmberg B, Nissbrandt H. "Cytochrome P450 2E1 gene polymorphisms/haplotypes and Parkinson's disease in a Swedish population". J Neural Transm. 116:567-73. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Sweden

Sample UID: SA003138P

Sample Description:This sample is part of a population based prospective study in Vasterbotten and Norrbotten, the two most northern counties in Sweden. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Umea University. All participants gave their informed consent to participate in our study.

Number of Chromosomes: 258

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Thögersen AM, Nilsson TK, Dahlen G, Jansson JH, Boman K, Huhtasaari F, Hallmans G. "Homozygosity for the C677-->T mutation of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and total plasma homocyst(e) ine are not associated with greater than normal risk of a first myocardial infarction in northern Sweden". Coron Artery Dis 12:85-90. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA003642P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Swedish men born between 1920 and 1924 and residing in Uppsala, Sweden. This study was approved by the Ethics committee of Uppsala University, Faculty of Medicine. All participants gave informed consent.

Number of Chromosomes: 2306

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jacobsson JA, Risérus U, Axelsson T, Lannfelt L, Schiöth HB, Fredriksson R. "The common FTO variant rs9939609 is not associated with BMI in a longitudinal study on a cohort of Swedish men born 1920-1924". BMC Med Genet 9:131. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Sweden

Sample UID: SA002403J

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals from Stockholm, Sweden.

Number of Chromosomes: 188

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Magierowska M, Lepage V, Boubnova L, Carcassi C, de Juan D, Djoulah S, El Chenawi F, Grunnet N, Hallé L, Ivanova R, Jungerman M, Naumova E, Petrany G, Sonnerborg A, Stavropoulos C, Thorsby E, Vu-Trieu A, Debré P, Theodorou I, Charron D "Distribution of the CCR5 gene 32 base pair deletion and SDF1-3'A variant in healthy individuals from different populations". Immunogenetics. 48:417-9. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA002469V

Sample Description:This sample consists of Swedish individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 262

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Stephens JC, Reich DE, Goldstein DB, Shin HD, Smith MW et.al. "Dating the origin of the CCR5-Delta32 AIDS-resistance allele by the coalescence of haplotypes". Am J Hum Genet. 62:1507-15. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedes

Sample UID: SA004521M

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Swedish individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 98

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Grandell I, Samara R, Tillmar AO "A SNP panel for identity and kinship testing using massive parallel sequencing". Int J Legal Med. 130:905-14. (2016) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Sweden

Sample UID: SA004174Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of volunteers from Dalarna, Sweden. Informed consent was obtained from all individuals and ethical approval was granted from the ethics committee of clinical investigation in Galicia, Spain.

Number of Chromosomes: 88

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Ruiz Y, Phillips C, Gomez-Tato A, Alvarez-Dios J, Casares de Cal M, Cruz R, Maroñas O, Söchtig J, Fondevila M, Rodriguez-Cid MJ, Carracedo A, Lareu MV. "Further development of forensic eye color predictive tests". Forensic Sci Int Genet. (Epub,ahead of print) 7:28-40. (2013) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedes

Sample UID: SA004146P

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy Swedish individuals from the Department of Orthopaedics at the University Hospital in Lund, representing the southern Swedish population.

Number of Chromosomes: 194

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kuokkanen M, Butzow R, Rasinperä H, Medrek K, Nilbert M, Malander S, Lubinski J, Järvelä I. "Lactase persistence and ovarian carcinoma risk in Finland, Poland and Sweden". Int J Cancer. 117:90-4. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Swedish

Sample UID: SA004130I

Sample Description:This sample consists of control subjects who were randomly selected from the Swedish Population Registry. This sample is part of the Cancer Prostrate in Sweden (CAPS) study.

Number of Chromosomes: 3346

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Torniainen S, Hedelin M, Autio V, Rasinperä H, Bälter KA, Klint A, Bellocco R, Wiklund F, Stattin P, Ikonen T, Tammela TL, Schleutker J, Grönberg H, Järvelä I. "Lactase persistence, dietary intake of milk, and the risk for prostate cancer in Sweden and Finland". Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:956-61. (2007) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Sweden

Sample UID: SA004121I

Sample Description:This sample is part of the EPIC study and consists of healthy men and women from Sweden.

The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) is an ongoing multi-centre prospective cohort study designed to investigate the relationship between nutrition and cancer, with the potential for studying other diseases as well. The study includes participants in 23 centres located in 10 European countries.

Number of Chromosomes: 464

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Riboli E, Hunt KJ, Slimani N, Ferrari P, Norat T, Fahey M, Charrondière UR, Hémon B, Casagrande C, Vignat J, Overvad K et al. "European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): study populations and data collection". Public Health Nutr 5:1113-24. (2002) Online citation.

- Travis RC, Appleby PN, Siddiq A, Allen NE, Kaaks R, Canzian F, Feller S, Tjønneland A, Johnsen NF, Overvad K, Quirós JR, et al. "Genetic variation in the lactase gene, dairy product intake and risk for prostate cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition". Int J Cancer (Epub, ahead of print) (2012) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan