ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
GadabaPO000414JGADABA, BODOAustro-Asiatic

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  20N, 80.5E; 18N, 83.75E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Description Record    
References: See references
Population Description: 

The Gadaba is one of the old tribal groups of the Orissa State in Eastern India. The name Gadaba is derived from Godavari, the river flowing through Andhra Pradesh, or from Goda, an Oriya word meaning a brook. The Gadabas original home was in the north of the Vindhya Mountains. Today, in Orissa, they are mainly concentrated in the Koraput district. They are also widely distributed in the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh. The Gadabas speak Gutob or the Gadaba language, which belongs to the Austro-Asiatic language family.

The Gadabas belong to a tribal group that represents very archaic elements. Their traditional agricultural systems include slash-and-burn cultivation on hill slopes along with plough cultivation on permanent dry fields and on irrigated terraces suitable for growing wet rice. Although they rely heavily on agriculture they use hunting, gathering and fishing as seasonal supplements. The Gadabas also domesticate local varieties of cows, buffaloes, goats, pigs and poultry. The Gadabas religious beliefs involve Gods and Goddesses as well as ghosts and spirits. Some of the cultural rituals of the Gadaba are also widespread in the Munda-speaking tribes and societies of south and Southeast Asia.


References:
- Das K, Mastana SS "Genetic Variation at Three VNTR Loci in Three Tribal Populations of Orissa, India". Ann Hum Biol 30:237-249. (2003)
Online citation.

- Harijan and Tribal Welfare Department, Government of Orissa, Bhubaneswar "Tribes of Orissa ". Bhubaneswar: Tribal and Harijan Research-cum-Training Institute (1990)



Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gadaba

Sample UID: SA000738S

Sample Description:The Gadaba is a tribal population located in the Orissa State of Eastern India. These individuals were sampled from the Semiliguda block of Koraput District of Orissa, Eastern India. Blood samples were collected, with consent, from unrelated individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 96

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Das K, Mastana SS "Genetic Variation at Three VNTR Loci in Three Tribal Populations of Orissa, India". Ann Hum Biol 30:237-249. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gadaba

Sample UID: SA003803O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Gadaba individuals from Koraput district, orissa, India. Gadaba is a tribe with Austro-Asiatic language affliation.

Number of Chromosomes: 42

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Gallego Romero I, Basu Mallick C, Liebert A, Crivellaro F, Chaubey G, Itan Y, Metspalu M, Eaaswarkhanth M, Pitchappan R, Villems R, Reich D, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Thomas MG, Swallow DM, Mirazón Lahr M, Kivisild T. "Herders of Indian and European Cattle Share Their Predominant Allele for Lactase Persistence". Mol Biol Evol 29:249-260. (2012) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Gadaba

Sample UID: SA003496W

Sample Description:This sample consists of Gadaba from Orissa, India.

Number of Chromosomes: 56

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chaubey G, Metspalu M, Choi Y, Mägi R, Romero IG, Soares P, van Oven M, Behar DM, Rootsi S, Hudjashov G, Mallick CB, Karmin M, Nelis M, Parik J, Reddy AG, Metspalu E, van Driem G, Xue Y, Tyler-Smith C, Thangaraj K, Singh L, Remm M, Richards MB, Lahr MM, Kayser M, Villems R, Kivisild T. "Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-specific Admixture". Mol Biol Evol. (Epub ,ahead of print) (2010) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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