ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
BerberPO000473OTAMAZIGHTAfro-Asiatic

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  36N, 18W; 15N, 36E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berber

Sample UID: SA000948V

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berbers from the Zayane and Ichkeren confederations (each confederation is a group of neighbour tribes) living in the Khenifra region of Morocco. All individuals had the four grandfathers born in the same region. Informed consent was obtained from all participants.

Number of Chromosomes: 248

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Esteban E, Gonzalez-Perez E, Harich N, Lopez-Alomar A, Via M, Luna F, Moral P. "Genetic relationships among Berbers and South Spaniards based on CD4 microsatellite/Alu haplotypes. ". Ann Hum Biol. 31:202-12. (2004) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Kesra

Sample UID: SA001234K

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals from the Berber community in the central Tunisian city of Kesra.

Number of Chromosomes: 88

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Cherni L, Loueslati Yaacoubi B, Pereira L, Alves C, Khodjet El Kill H, Ben Ammar El Gaaied A, Amorim A. "Data for 15 autosomal STR markers (Powerplex 16 System) from two Tunisian populations: Kesra (Berber) and Zriba (Arab)". Forensic Sci Int. 147:101-106. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berber, Morroco

Sample UID: SA000995X

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated healthy Berbers originating from different regions of Morocco (Taroudante, Tafraout, Souss, Amzmiz, Khmissat) representing a pooled Moroccan Berbers population.

Number of Chromosomes: 80

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chbel F, de Pancorbo MM, Martinez-Bouzas C, Azeddoug H, Alvarez-Alvarez M, Rodriguez-Tojo MJ, Nadifi S "Polymorphism of Six Alu Insertions in Morocco: Comparative Study between Arabs, Berbers, and Casablanca Residents". Russian Journal of Genetics 39:1184-1190. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berbers of Moyen

Sample UID: SA003360M

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berber individuals.

Note: This sample information is not fully curated. For additional information about the sample, consult the publications under "References". The sample was entered as part of data submission by Eisenberg DA.

Number of Chromosomes: 242

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Eisenberg DA, Kuzawa, CW, Hayes MG "Worldwide allele frequencies of the human apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene: climate, local adaptations and evolutionary history". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143:100-11. (2010) Online citation.

- Harich N, Esteban E, Chafik A, López-Alomar A, Vona G, Moral P. "Classical polymorphisms in Berbers from Moyen Atlas (Morocco): genetics, geography, and historical evidence in the Mediterranean peoples". Ann Hum Biol. 29:473-87. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berberes

Sample UID: SA003107L

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berberes from Kenifera, North Africa.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Falchi A, Barsotelli M, Giovannoni L, Varesi L, Vona G "Prevalance of MTHFR gene polymorphisms among Meditarenean populations: a possible genetic selection from Malaria?". 554-556. (2006)


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berber (Tachelhit speaking)

Sample UID: SA002614N

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berber (Tachelhit) speaking population of Chenini and Douiret, two villages 20km apart in the south of Tunisia. Samples from these 2 villages were considered as a single set. The sample consists of randomly selected healthy individuals whose parents and grandparents were also native of these villages.

Number of Chromosomes: 78

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jlizi A, Edouard J, Fadhlaoui-Zid K, Frigi S, Debré P, Slim A, Theodorou I, El Gaaied AB, Carpentier W "Identification of the CCR5-Delta32 HIV resistance allele and new mutations of the CCR5 gene in different Tunisian populations.". Hum Immunol. 68:993-1000. (2007) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berber (Arabic speaking)

Sample UID: SA002615O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berbers from Sejnane, a little town in the extreme northern region of Tunisia. They were considered to be of Berber origin but was Arabic speaking. The sample consists of randomly selected healthy individuals whose parents and grandparents were natives of the village.

Number of Chromosomes: 84

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jlizi A, Edouard J, Fadhlaoui-Zid K, Frigi S, Debré P, Slim A, Theodorou I, El Gaaied AB, Carpentier W "Identification of the CCR5-Delta32 HIV resistance allele and new mutations of the CCR5 gene in different Tunisian populations.". Hum Immunol. 68:993-1000. (2007) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Berber

Sample UID: SA003598Z

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berber sample from Khenifra in Morocco.

Number of Chromosomes: 240

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Via M, Gonzalez-Perez E, Esteban E, Lopez-Alomar A, Vacca L, Vona G, Dugoujon JM, Harich N, Moral P. "Molecular variation in endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (eNOS) in western Mediterranean populations". Coll Antropol. 27:117-24. (2003) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Sened

Sample UID: SA003614O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berbers from the locality of Sened, Tunisia.

Number of Chromosomes: 60

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Khodjet-el-khil H,Fadhlaoui-Zid F,Cherni L,Phillips C,Fondevila M, Carracedo A, Ben Ammar-Elgaaied A "Genetic analysis of the SNPforID 34-plex ancestry informative SNP panel in Tunisian and Libyan populations ". Forensic Science International: Genetics (Epub,ahead of print) (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chenini-Douiret

Sample UID: SA003615P

Sample Description:This sample consists of Berbers from the locality of Chenini-Douiret, Tunisia.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Khodjet-el-khil H,Fadhlaoui-Zid F,Cherni L,Phillips C,Fondevila M, Carracedo A, Ben Ammar-Elgaaied A "Genetic analysis of the SNPforID 34-plex ancestry informative SNP panel in Tunisian and Libyan populations ". Forensic Science International: Genetics (Epub,ahead of print) (2010) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan