ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
MiaoPO000487T

Synonyms: Hmong ; H'Mong ; Mong ;
Geographic Location1:  34N, 96.5E; 21N, 114E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao

Sample UID: SA001025I

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy unrelated Miao donors living in Xiangxi, China. The donors were not suspected of interpopulation genetic admixture.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Lin Z, Ohshima T, Gao S, Kondo T, Takayasu T, Sato Y, Sun K "Genetic variation and relationships at five STR loci in five distinct ethnic groups in China". Forensic Sci Int. 112:179-89. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miaozu, HGDP-CEPH

Sample UID: SA001486T

Sample Description:This sample from China is part of the Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel collected by the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) and the Foundation Jean Dausset (CEPH). This sample consists of unrelated individuals and was collected with proper informed consent.

Number of Chromosomes: 20

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, Zhivotovsky LA, Feldman MW. "Genetic structure of human populations". Science 298:2381-2385. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hmong tribe

Sample UID: SA001653P

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals belonging to the Hmong tribe and living in northern Thailand.

Number of Chromosomes: 96

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Yoshiura KI et al. "A SNP in the ABCC11 gene is the determinant of human earwax type.". Nat Genet. 38:324-330. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao

Sample UID: SA003898C

Sample Description:This sample consists of Miao individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 58

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Peng Y, Shi H, Qi XB, Xiao CJ, Zhong H, Ma RL, Su B. "The ADH1B Arg47His polymorphism in east Asian populations and expansion of rice domestication in history". BMC Evol Biol 10:15. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao

Sample UID: SA003194R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Miao individuals from Guizhou and Hunan Provinces, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 310

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Ji LD, Xu J, Wu DD, Xie SD, Tang NL, Zhang YP "Association of disease-predisposition polymorphisms of the melatonin receptors and sunshine duration in the global human populations". J Pineal Res. 48:133-141. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao

Sample UID: SA002916S

Sample Description:This sample consists of males from Guizhou, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 58

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Shi H, Tan SJ, Zhong H, Hu W, Levine A, Xiao CJ, Peng Y, Qi XB, Shou WH, Ma RL, Li Y, Su B, Lu X "Winter temperature and UV are tightly linked to genetic changes in the p53 tumor suppressor pathway in Eastern Asia". Am J Hum Genet. 84:534-41.. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao

Sample UID: SA002931P

Sample Description:This sample consists of male from Yunnan, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 102

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Shi H, Tan SJ, Zhong H, Hu W, Levine A, Xiao CJ, Peng Y, Qi XB, Shou WH, Ma RL, Li Y, Su B, Lu X "Winter temperature and UV are tightly linked to genetic changes in the p53 tumor suppressor pathway in Eastern Asia". Am J Hum Genet. 84:534-41.. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao

Sample UID: SA004438T

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Miao individualsin Miao Autonomous County of Rongshui belongs to Liuzhou City.This sample was collected with informed consent.

Number of Chromosomes: 100

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Wang L, Lv M, Zaumsegel D, Zhang L, Liu F, Xiang J, Li J, Schneider PM, Liang W, Zhang L "A comparative study of insertion/deletion polymorphisms applied among Southwest, South and Northwest Chinese populations using Investigator1 DIPplex". Forensic Science International: Genetics 21:10-4. (2016) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao (Guizhou)

Sample UID: SA004306N

Sample Description:This sample was collected from Guiyang city in the Guizhou Province (Southwest China). They are an ethnic minority group in China. The Hmong is Hmong(Hmongic/Kam-Tai) speakers, a language belonging to the Miao-Yao language family. This sample was obtained anonymously through local physicians and with consent of the participants.

Number of Chromosomes: 200

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Pakstis AJ , Haigh E, Cherni L, Ben Ammar ElGaaied A, Barton A, Evsanaa B, Togtokh A, Brissenden J, Roscoe J, Bulbul O, Filoglu G, Gurkan C, Meiklejohn KA, Robertson JM, Li,C.-X. Wei Y.-L., Li H,Soundararajan U,Rajeevan H, Kidd JR, Kidd KK "52 additional reference population samples for the 55 AISNP panel". Forensic Science International: Genetics 269-271. (2015) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Miao(Guangxi)

Sample UID: SA004316O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Miao individuals from Guangxi Province, China. Miao is a Chinese term; it does not reflect self-designations of component groups of people, which include (with variant spellings) Hmong, Hmub, Xong (Qo-Xiong), and A-Hmao.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Pakstis AJ , Haigh E, Cherni L, Ben Ammar ElGaaied A, Barton A, Evsanaa B, Togtokh A, Brissenden J, Roscoe J, Bulbul O, Filoglu G, Gurkan C, Meiklejohn KA, Robertson JM, Li,C.-X. Wei Y.-L., Li H,Soundararajan U,Rajeevan H, Kidd JR, Kidd KK "52 additional reference population samples for the 55 AISNP panel". Forensic Science International: Genetics 269-271. (2015) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan