ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
YiPO000577T

Synonyms: Yizu ;
Geographic Location1:  35N, 97E; 21.5N, 112E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yizu, HGDP-CEPH

Sample UID: SA001485S

Sample Description:This sample from China is part of the Human Genome Diversity Cell Line Panel collected by the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) and the Foundation Jean Dausset (CEPH). This sample consists of unrelated individuals and was collected with proper informed consent.

Number of Chromosomes: 20

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Rosenberg NA, Pritchard JK, Weber JL, Cann HM, Kidd KK, Zhivotovsky LA, Feldman MW. "Genetic structure of human populations". Science 298:2381-2385. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA003889C

Sample Description:This sample consists of Yi individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 60

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Peng Y, Shi H, Qi XB, Xiao CJ, Zhong H, Ma RL, Su B. "The ADH1B Arg47His polymorphism in east Asian populations and expansion of rice domestication in history". BMC Evol Biol 10:15. (2010) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA002207L

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chinese Yi ethnic group from Sichuan.

Number of Chromosomes: 238

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Deng XL, Hong KX, Chen JP, Ruan YH, Xu MY, Qin GM, Li K, Xing H, Shao YM. "Genetic polymorphism of human immunodeficiency virus coreceptor CCR5Delta32 and CCR2-64I alleles in Chinese Yi Ethnic group in Sichuan". Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 25:1050-3. (2004) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA002927U

Sample Description:This sample consists of male Yi individuals.

Number of Chromosomes: 90

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Shi H, Tan SJ, Zhong H, Hu W, Levine A, Xiao CJ, Peng Y, Qi XB, Shou WH, Ma RL, Li Y, Su B, Lu X "Winter temperature and UV are tightly linked to genetic changes in the p53 tumor suppressor pathway in Eastern Asia". Am J Hum Genet. 84:534-41.. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA002333L

Sample Description:This sample consists of Yi individuals from Sichuan province, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 38

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Su B, Jin L, Hu F, Xiao J, Luo J, Lu D, Zhang W, Chu J, Du R, Geng Z, Qiu X, Xue J, Tan J, O'Brien SJ, Chakraborty R "Distribution of two HIV-1-resistant polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A and CCR2-64I) in East Asian and world populations and its implication in AIDS epidemiology". Am J Hum Genet. 65:1047-53. (1999) Online citation.

- Su B, Sun G, Lu D, Xiao J, Hu F, Chakraborty R, Deka R, Jin L "Distribution of three HIV-1 resistance-conferring polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A, CCR2-641, and CCR5-delta32) in global populations". Eur J Hum Genet. 8:975-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA003582S

Sample Description:This sample consists ofindividuals from Yi Popualtion, an ethnic minority group in China.

Number of Chromosomes: 268

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Tang W, Yang Y, Wang B, Xiao C. "Association between a G894T polymorphism of eNOS gene and essential hypertension in Hani and Yi minority groups of China". Arch Med Res 39:222-5. (2008) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA004435Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Yi ( Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture individuals) from Sichuan Province . This sample was collected with informed consent.

Number of Chromosomes: 108

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Wang L, Lv M, Zaumsegel D, Zhang L, Liu F, Xiang J, Li J, Schneider PM, Liang W, Zhang L "A comparative study of insertion/deletion polymorphisms applied among Southwest, South and Northwest Chinese populations using Investigator1 DIPplex". Forensic Science International: Genetics 21:10-4. (2016) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA004337R

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Yi individuals living in Mile Prefecture,Honghe Hani and Yi ethnic autonomous region, Yunnan Province, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 244

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Zhang YD1, Shen CM,Jin R, Li YN, Wang B, Ma LX, Meng HT, Yan JW, Dan Wang H, Yang ZL, Zhu BF. "Forensic evaluation and population genetic study of 30 insertion/deletion polymorphisms in a Chinese Yi group". Electrophoresis 36:1196-201.. (2015) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chinese Yi in Xichang Sichuan, China (XCY)

Sample UID: SA004677Y

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chinese Yi in Xichang Sichuan Province,China. Written informed consent was obtained from all individuals. This sample is part of Caixia Li's group in Institute of Forensic Science, Beijing, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 192

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jiang L, Wei YL, Zhao L, Li N, Liu T, Liu HB, Ren LJ, Li JL, Hao HF, Li Q, Li CX. "Global analysis of population stratification using a smart panel of 27 continental ancestry-informative SNPs". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 35:e10-e12. (2018) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Chinese Yi in Guangxi, China (CCY)

Sample UID: SA004678Z

Sample Description:This sample consists of Chinese Yi in Guangxi Province,China. Written informed consent was obtained from all individuals. This sample is part of Caixia Li's group in Institute of Forensic Science, Beijing, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 98

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Jiang L, Wei YL, Zhao L, Li N, Liu T, Liu HB, Ren LJ, Li JL, Hao HF, Li Q, Li CX. "Global analysis of population stratification using a smart panel of 27 continental ancestry-informative SNPs". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 35:e10-e12. (2018) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA004321K

Sample Description:This sample consists of Yi individuals from Sichuan Province, China.

Number of Chromosomes: 52

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Pakstis AJ , Haigh E, Cherni L, Ben Ammar ElGaaied A, Barton A, Evsanaa B, Togtokh A, Brissenden J, Roscoe J, Bulbul O, Filoglu G, Gurkan C, Meiklejohn KA, Robertson JM, Li,C.-X. Wei Y.-L., Li H,Soundararajan U,Rajeevan H, Kidd JR, Kidd KK "52 additional reference population samples for the 55 AISNP panel". Forensic Science International: Genetics 269-271. (2015) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Yi

Sample UID: SA004626S

Sample Description:This sample consists of Yi individuals residing in Liangshan autonomous prefecture of Sichuan province, China. All included participants were needed to be the self-declared indigenous people of the corresponding ethnicity groups or lived in the sample collection places at least three generations. The blood samples were collected with the approval of the Ethics Committee at the Institute of Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University.

Number of Chromosomes: 96

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Wang Z, He G, Luo T, Zhao X, Liu J, Wang M, Zhou D, Chen X, Li C, Hou Y "Massively parallel sequencing of 165 ancestry informative SNPs in two Chinese Tibetan-Burmese minority ethnicities". Forensic Sci Int Genet. 34:141-147.. (2018) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2019 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan