ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
00ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
EstonianPO000742N

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  59.5N, 21.5E; 57.5N, 28E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: 
References: See references
Population Description: Being curated
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Estonia

Sample UID: SA003842R

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated Estonians from Vike-Maarja, Estonia.

Number of Chromosomes: 708

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Lember M, Torniainen S, Kull M, Kallikorm R, Saadla P, Rajasalu T, Komu H, Järvelä I. "Lactase non-persistence and milk consumption in Estonia". World J Gastroenterol. 12:7329-31. (2006) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Estonia

Sample UID: SA003848X

Sample Description:This sample consists of 400 female in vitro fertilization patients sampled at the Nova Vita IVF clinic, Estonia together with 152 male partners and 400 females from the Estonian genome project representing the Estonian general population.

Number of Chromosomes: 1904

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Nilsson TK, Laanpere M, Altmäe S, Serra-Majem L, Salumets A. "A folate receptor alpha double-mutated haplotype 1816delC-1841A is distributed throughout Eurasia and associated with lower erythrocyte folate levels". Mol Biol Rep (2011) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Saaremaa (Osel)

Sample UID: SA002178S

Sample Description:This sample consists of native Estonians from the island of Saaremaa. Individuals are of both sexes, whose grandparents were born in Estonia and who has lived permanently in the Estonian region.

Number of Chromosomes: 192

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kalev I, Mikelsaar AV, Beckman L, Tasa G, Pärlist P. "High frequency of the HIV-1 protective CCR5 delta32 deletion in native Estonians". Eur J Epidemiol. 16:1107-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Hiiumaa (Dago)

Sample UID: SA002179T

Sample Description:This sample consists of native Estonians from the island of Hiiumaa. Individuals are of both sexes, whose grandparents were born in Estonia and who has lived permanently in the Estonian region.

Number of Chromosomes: 194

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kalev I, Mikelsaar AV, Beckman L, Tasa G, Pärlist P. "High frequency of the HIV-1 protective CCR5 delta32 deletion in native Estonians". Eur J Epidemiol. 16:1107-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: West Estonia

Sample UID: SA002180L

Sample Description:This sample consists of native Estonians from West Estonia. Individuals are of both sexes, whose grandparents were born in Estonia and who has lived permanently in the Estonian region.

Number of Chromosomes: 386

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kalev I, Mikelsaar AV, Beckman L, Tasa G, Pärlist P. "High frequency of the HIV-1 protective CCR5 delta32 deletion in native Estonians". Eur J Epidemiol. 16:1107-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: South-East Estonia

Sample UID: SA002181M

Sample Description:This sample consists of native Estonians from South-East Estonia. Individuals are of both sexes, whose grandparents were born in Estonia and who has lived permanently in the Estonian region.

Number of Chromosomes: 184

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Kalev I, Mikelsaar AV, Beckman L, Tasa G, Pärlist P. "High frequency of the HIV-1 protective CCR5 delta32 deletion in native Estonians". Eur J Epidemiol. 16:1107-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Estonians

Sample UID: SA002471O

Sample Description:This sample consists of Estonians.

Number of Chromosomes: 316

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Stephens JC, Reich DE, Goldstein DB, Shin HD, Smith MW et.al. "Dating the origin of the CCR5-Delta32 AIDS-resistance allele by the coalescence of haplotypes". Am J Hum Genet. 62:1507-15. (1998) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Estonian

Sample UID: SA003028N

Sample Description:The 1,000 Estonian samples were selected from 10,317 samples of the Estonian biobank (year 2005). Eighty samples (40 males and 40 females) were selected randomly, according to the place of birth, from each of 13 Estonian counties (Harju, Ida-Viru, Jõgeva, Järva, Lääne-Viru, Põlva, Pärnu, Rapla, Saaremaa, Tartu, Valga, Viljandi, Võru), and 50 samples (25 males and 25 females) were selected from the combined Hiiumaa and Läänemaa counties. Prior to collection approval from the Ethics Committee of the Estonian biobank was obtained.

Number of Chromosomes: 2000

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Nelis M, Esko T, Mägi R, Zimprich F, Zimprich A, Toncheva D, Karachanak S, Piskácková T, Balascák I, Peltonen L, Jakkula E, Rehnström K, Lathrop M, Heath S, Galan P, Schreiber S, Meitinger T, Pfeufer A, Wichmann HE, Melegh B, Polgár N, Toniolo D, Gasparini P, D'Adamo P, Klovins J, Nikitina-Zake L, Kucinskas V, Kasnauskiene J, Lubinski J, Debniak T, Limborska S, Khrunin A, Estivill X, Rabionet R, Marsal S, Julià A, Antonarakis SE, Deutsch S, Borel C, Attar H, Gagnebin M, Macek M, Krawczak M, Remm M, Metspalu A "Genetic structure of Europeans: a view from the North-East". PLos one 4:e5472. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Estonian

Sample UID: SA004039Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals from Tallinn, Estonia. This sample is part of the EUREYE(European Eye Study). The EUREYE Study is multicenter, population-based cross-sectional study from 7 study centers, Bergen, Norway; Tallinn, Estonia; Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom; Paris-Creteil, France; Verona, Italy; Thessaloniki, Greece; and Alicante, Spain. were chosen primarily to maximize the range of latitude and lifestyle behaviors, including diet.

Number of Chromosomes: 1158

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Walsh S, Wollstein A, Liu F, Chakravarthy U, Rahu M, Seland JH, Soubrane G, Tomazzoli L, Topouzis F, Vingerling JR, Vioque J, Fletcher AE, Ballantyne KN, Kayser "DNA-based eye colour prediction across Europe with the IrisPlex system". Forensic Sci Int Genet. (Epub, ahead of print) (2011) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Estonian

Sample UID: SA004135N

Sample Description:This sample consists of unrelated individuals DNA stored at the Biobank of the Estonian Genome Project. These individuals represent a random selection made proportionally from each of the 15 Estonian countries.

Number of Chromosomes: 2046

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Nikopensius T, Ambrozaityte L, Ludwig KU, Birnbaum S, Jagomägi T, Saag M, Matuleviciene A, Linkeviciene L, Herms S, Knapp M, Hoffmann P, Nöthen MM, Kucinskas V, Metspalu A, Mangold E. "Replication of novel susceptibility locus for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate on chromosome 8q24 in Estonian and Lithuanian patients". Am J Med Genet A. 149:2551-3. (2009) Online citation.


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
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