ALFRED: allele frequency database
      The ALlele FREquency Database   
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the U. S. National Science Foundation.
ALFRED detailed record information

Population Information

NameALFRED UIDPrimary LanguageLanguage Family
AtayalPO000021DATAYALAustronesian

Synonyms:
Geographic Location1:  25.5N, 120.5E; 21.75N, 122.5E  

Sites typed for this population: View List
Population Samples: See Sample Information
External Resources: Ethnologue: Language Map Record    Ethnologue: Language Description Record    
References: See references
Population Description: The Atayal are one of Taiwan's indigenous Austronesian-speaking groups. Numbering roughly 63,000 (1993 est.), this group lives in Taiwan's northern mountains in the area south of Taipei. The Atayal are divided into two sub-groups, one is the Atayal-Proper and the other Saejiq proper; they both come from this nothern region. The genetic variation between these two groups is not available. Many Atayal are bilingual, but Atayal language remains in active use. Before the arrival of mainland Chinese, the Atayal practiced slash-and-burn agriculture and were known as weavers.
References:


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA000288S

Sample Description:Members of the Atayalic subgroup in Taiwan

Number of Chromosomes: 60

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Parra E, Saha N, Soemantri AG, McGarvey ST, Hundrieser J, Shriver MD, Deka R. "Genetic Variation at 9 autosomal Microsatellite Loci in Asian and Pacific Populations". Hum. Biol. 71:757-779. (1999) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA000021D

Sample Description:This sample is taken primarily from males from an Atayal tribe living in the Taroko, Hualien area of Taiwan. This group belongs to the Saejiq-Proper sub-group of the Atayal population. It was collected by Ru-Band Lu.

Number of Chromosomes: 84

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Castiglione CM, Deinard AS, Speed WC, Sirugo G, Rosenbaum HC, Zhang Y, Grandy DK, Grigorenko EL, Bonne-Tamir B, Pakstis AJ, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Evolution of haplotypes at the DRD2 locus". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 57:1445-56. (1995) Online citation.

- Chang FM, Kidd JR, Livak KJ, Pakstis AJ, Kidd KK. "The world-wide distribution of allele frequencies at the human dopamine D4 receptor locus". Hum. Genet. 98:91-101. (1996) Online citation.

- Kang AM, Palmatier MA, Kidd KK. "Global variation of a 40-bp VNTR in the 3'-untranslated region of the dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3)". Biological Psychiatry 46:151-60. (1999) Online citation.

- Kidd KK et al. http://info.med.yale.edu/genetics/kkidd/pops.html

- Kidd KK, Morar B, Castiglione CM, Zhao H, Pakstis AJ, Speed WC, Bonne-Tamir B, Lu RB, Goldman D, Lee C, Nam YS, Grandy DK, Jenkins T, Kidd JR. "A global survey of haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium at the DRD2 locus". Hum. Genet. 103:211-27. (1998) Online citation.

- Palmatier MA, Kang AM, Kidd KK. "Global variation in the frequencies of functionally different catechol-O-methyltransferase alleles". Biol. Psychiatry. 46:557-67. (1999) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Dietzsch E, Speed W, Pakstis AJ, Cheung K, Kidd JR, Bonne-Tamir B, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Moral P, Watson E, Krings M, Paabo S, Risch N, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "Global patterns of linkage disequilibrium at the CD4 locus and modern human origins". Science 271:1380-7. (1996) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Goldman A, Calafell F, Speed WC, Deinard AS, Bonne-Tamir B, Kidd JR, Pakstis AJ, Jenkins T, Kidd KK. "A global haplotype analysis of the myotonic dystrophy locus: implications for the evolution of modern humans and for the origin of myotonic dystrophy mutations". Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:1389-402. (1998) Online citation.

- Tishkoff SA, Ruano G, Kidd JR, Kidd KK. "Distribution and frequency of a polymorphic Alu insertion at the plasminogen activator locus in humans". Hum. Genet. 97:759-64. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA001042H

Sample Description:This sample consists of Atayal from Taiwan. All subjects are unrelated and none were born from an interethnic marriage. These participants (19 male, 12 female) were control subjects who had no alcohol problems, meaning they either never drank or only occasionally drank in low quantity. Subjects were ascertained from either the Taiwan Aboriginal Study Project (TASP), or referred from local health workers.

Number of Chromosomes: 62

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chen WJ, Loh EW, Hsu YP, Cheng AT. "Alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase genotypes and alcoholism among Taiwanese aborigines". Biol Psychiatry 41:703-709. (1997) Online citation.

- Chen WJ, Lu ML, Hsu YP, Chen CC, Yu JM, Cheng AT. "Dopamine D2 receptor gene and alcoholism among four aboriginal groups and Han in Taiwan". Am J Med Genet. 74:129-136. (1997) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA001754R

Sample Description:This sample consists of Atayal from Formosa, Taiwan. Individuals were identified by biogeographical information traced back at least two generations. This sample was collected by Dr. Rene J. Herrera.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Shepard EM, Chow RA, Suafo'a E, Addison D, Perez-Miranda AM, Garcia-Bertrand RL, Herrera RJ. "Autosomal STR variation in five Austronesian populations". Hum Biol 77:825-851. (2005) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA001375Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of healthy, unrelated individuals from the Atayal indigenous tribe in Taiwan.

Number of Chromosomes: 104

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Yu LC, Chu CC, Chan YS, Chang CY, Twu YC, Lee HL, Lin M. "Polymorphism and distribution of the Secretor alpha(1,2)-fucosyltransferase gene in various Taiwanese populations". Transfusion 41:1279-1284. (2001) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA001385R

Sample Description:This sample consists of individuals from the Atayal Taiwanese aboriginal tribe who gave informed consent.

Number of Chromosomes: 264

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Chang JG, Ko YC, Lee JC, Chang SJ, Liu TC, Shih MC, Peng CT. "Molecular analysis of mutations and polymorphisms of the Lewis secretor type alpha(1,2)-fucosyltransferase gene reveals that Taiwan aborigines are of Austronesian derivation". J Hum Genet. 47:60-65. (2002) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA003971U

Sample Description:This sample is the subset of the Kidd Lab sample SA000021D. This sample is taken primarily from males from an Atayal tribe living in the Taroko, Hualien area of Taiwan. This group belongs to the Saejiq-Proper sub-group of the Atayal population. It was collected by Ru-Band Lu.

Number of Chromosomes: 50

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of sample SA000021D

References:
- Publication pending


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayals

Sample UID: SA003931Q

Sample Description:This sample consists of Atayal natives from Taiwan. This sample includes men and women identified by their language and village locations (three villages)in the mountains.

Number of Chromosomes: 138

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Carr LG, Yi IS, Li TK, Yin SJ. "Cytochrome P4502E1 genotypes, alcoholism, and alcoholic cirrhosis in Han Chinese and Atayal Natives of Taiwan". Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 20:43-6. (1996) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal (AX-AT)

Sample UID: SA003396V

Sample Description:This sample consists of Atayal individuals from Taiwan. This population belongs to Atayalic Austronesian subfamily.

Note:This sample is part of the HUGO Pan-Asian SNP Consortium. The 71 samples from this Consortium were collected with informed consent and were approved by local ethics and institutional review boards (IRBs) in the respective countries from which the samples were collected. Copies of IRB approvals were reviewed with the Policy Review Board (PRB) of the Pan Asia SNP Consortium.

Number of Chromosomes: 20

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- HUGO Pan-Asian SNP Consortium, Abdulla MA etal. "Mapping human genetic diversity in Asia". Science. 329:1541-5. (2009) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA002334M

Sample Description:This sample consists of Atayal individuals from Taiwan.

Number of Chromosomes: 64

Relation to Other Samples:

References:
- Su B, Jin L, Hu F, Xiao J, Luo J, Lu D, Zhang W, Chu J, Du R, Geng Z, Qiu X, Xue J, Tan J, O'Brien SJ, Chakraborty R "Distribution of two HIV-1-resistant polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A and CCR2-64I) in East Asian and world populations and its implication in AIDS epidemiology". Am J Hum Genet. 65:1047-53. (1999) Online citation.

- Su B, Sun G, Lu D, Xiao J, Hu F, Chakraborty R, Deka R, Jin L "Distribution of three HIV-1 resistance-conferring polymorphisms (SDF1-3'A, CCR2-641, and CCR5-delta32) in global populations". Eur J Hum Genet. 8:975-9. (2000) Online citation.


Sample Information:

Graph estimated heterozygosities for various sites

Sample Name: Atayal

Sample UID: SA004387W

Sample Description:This sample is part of the KiddLab sample collection and is subset of SA000021D.

Number of Chromosomes: 68

Relation to Other Samples: Subset of SA000021D

References:
- Kenneth K. Kidd et al. "Data unpublished".


1Geographic Coordinates represent two opposite corners of a rectangle encompassing the area where the population lives.This data is preliminary and changing.

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© 2017 Kenneth K Kidd, Yale University. All rights reserved. The full Copyright Notification is also available.
Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
Upgrades and maintenance since 2002 by Haseena Rajeevan