The ALlele FREquency Database
ALFRED is a resource of gene frequency data on human populations
supported by the Yale Center for Medical Informatics.
References to Classical Markers
ALFRED is focused on DNA-based polymorphisms but we recognize that there is a huge literature on the "classic" protein and blood group markers. As an aid to help users find those data, we are assembling a list of references of relevant books/publications. Please send us details of any
additional references that you would like to add to the list.
Cavalli-Sforza L. Luca, Menozzi Paolo, and Piazza Alberto. "The History and Geography of Human Genes". Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Daniels G. “The molecular genetics of blood group polymorphism”. Hum Genet , 126:729–742, 2009
Denomme GA. “Molecular basis of blood group expression”. Transfusion and Apheresis Science, 44, 53–63, 2011
Giblett Eloise R. "Genetic markers in human blood". Oxford, Edinburgh: Blackwell Scientific, 1969.
Huang CH et al. “Molecular Biology and Genetics of the Rh Blood Group system”. Seminars in Hematology, 37(2):150-165, 2000
Livingstone, Frank B. "Frequencies of hemoglobin variants : thalassemia, the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, G6PD variants, and ovalocytosis in human populations". New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Lögdberg L et al. “Human Blood Group Genes 2010: Chromosomal Locations and Cloning Strategies Revisited” , Transfusion Medicine Reviews, 25,( 1): pp 36-46 ,2011
Mourant AE., Kope´c Ada C., Domaniewska-Sobczak Kazimiera. "The distribution of the human blood groups, and other polymorphisms". 2nd ed. London : Oxford University Press, 1976.
Mourant A.E., Kope´c Ada C. Domaniewska-Sobczak Kazimiera. "Blood groups and diseases: a study of associations of diseases with blood groups and other polymorphisms". Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1978.
Race RR. and Sanger Ruth. "Blood groups in man". 6th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific, 1975.
Roychoudhury AK, Nei M. "Human Polymorphic Genes: World Distributions". New York: Oxford Univeristy Press, 1988.
Rychkov , Yu. G. (Eds.). "Gene Pool and Genegeography of Population: Gene Pool of Population of Russia and Contiguous Countries" St.Petersburg: Nauka. 611 p. (in Russian),2000.rd University Press, 1981.
Rychkov , Yu. G. (Eds.). "Gene Pool and Genegeography of Population: Genegeographical Atlas of Population of Russia and Contiguous Countries", St.Petersburg: Nauka. 671 p. (in Russian),2003.
Steinberg A.G. and Cook Charles E. "The distribution of the human immunoglobulin allotypes". Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1981.
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Originally prototyped by Michael Osier with the aid of Kei Cheung
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